List of German U-boats

Germany has commissioned over 1,500 U-boats (German: Unterseeboot) into its various navies from 1906 to the present day. The submarines have usually been designated with a U followed by a number, although World War I coastal submarines and coastal minelaying submarines used the UB and UC prefixes, respectively. When Germany resumed building submarines in the 1930s, the numbering of the submarines was restarted at 1. The renumbering was restarted at 1 a third time when Germany resumed building submarines in the 1960s.

World War I–era U-boatsEdit

There were some 380 U-boats commissioned into the Kaiserliche Marine in the years before and during World War I. Although the first four German U-boats—U-1, U-2, U-3, and U-4—were commissioned before 1910, all four served in a training capacity during the war. German U-boats used during World War I were divided into three series. The U designation was generally reserved for ocean-going attack torpedo U-boats. The UB designation was used for coastal attack U-boats, while the UC designation was reserved for coastal minelaying U-boats.

U-boatsEdit

U-boats designed primarily for deep water service were designated with a U prefix and numbered up to 167.

Type U 1Edit

Type U 2Edit

Type U 3Edit

Type U 5Edit

Type U 9Edit

Type U 13Edit

Type U 16Edit

Type U 17Edit

Type U 19Edit

Type U 23Edit

Type U 27Edit

Type U 31Edit

Type U 43Edit

Type U 51Edit

Type U 57Edit

Type U 63Edit

Type U 66 (Type UD)Edit

The Type U 66 submarines were originally constructed for Austro-Hungary as the U-7 class, but were sold to Germany at the start of WWI.

Type UE I (Type U 71)Edit

Type U 81Edit

Type U 87Edit

Type U 93Edit

Type UE II (Type U 117)Edit

Type U 127Edit

Type Large MS (Type U 131 and Type U 135)Edit

Type U 139Edit

Type U 142Edit

Type U 151Edit

Type U 158Edit

UB coastal U-boatsEdit

Coastal attack torpedo U-boats were smaller craft intended for operation closer to land. They were designated with a UB prefix and numbered up to 154.

Type UB IEdit

Type UB IIEdit

Type UB IIIEdit

UC coastal minelaying U-boatsEdit

Coastal minelaying U-boats were smaller vessels intended to mine enemy harbors and approaches. They were designated with a UC prefix and numbered up to 105.

Type UC IEdit

Type UC IIEdit

Type UC IIIEdit

Thirty-five Type UC III submarines were planned, but only 26 were completed. Nine of these (UC-106 to UC-114) were never commissioned and were awarded to the United Kingdom and France and broken up in 1921.

Foreign U-boatsEdit

At the outbreak of World War I Germany took charge of a number of submarines under construction in German shipyards for other countries.

World War II U-boatsEdit

In the World War II era, Germany commissioned some 1,250 U-boats into the Kriegsmarine.

Type IEdit

Type IIEdit

Type IIAEdit

Type IIBEdit

Type IICEdit

Type IIDEdit

Type VIIEdit

Type VIIAEdit

Type VIIBEdit

Type VIICEdit

Type VIIC/41Edit

Type VIIDEdit

Type VIIFEdit

Type IXEdit

Type IXAEdit

Type IXBEdit

Type IXCEdit

Type IXC/40Edit

Type IXDEdit

Type X (XB)Edit

Originally intended as long-range minelayers, the Type X were later used as long-range cargo transports.

Type XIEdit

The Type XI was a planned artillery boat, armed with four 128-mm guns in two twin turrets along with an Arado Ar 231 floatplane. Four boats were laid down in 1939 but were cancelled at the outbreak of WWII.

  • U-112
  • U-113
  • U-114
  • U-115

Type XIVEdit

The Type XIV submarine was a shortened version of the Type IXD and used as tankers. Twenty-four were planned, but only 10 were commissioned; three (U-491 to U-494) were cancelled before completed and eleven were never laid down. This type was nicknamed Milchkuh (milk cow).

Type XVIIEdit

Type XVIIAEdit

Type XVIIBEdit

Twelve Type XVIIB submarines were planned, but only three were completed; three were cancelled at the end of the war before completion and six were cancelled in favor of the Type XXI submarine.

Type XVIIKEdit

Type XVIIIEdit

The Type XVIII was a projected attack boat using the Walter propulsion system. Two boats were laid down in 1943, but construction was cancelled in March 1944.

Type XXIEdit

Type XXIIIEdit

Midget submarinesEdit

BiberEdit

MolchEdit

Seehund (Type XVIIB)Edit

The range of U-5000 to U-6442 was specifically allocated to German midget submarines. The following Seehund Type XXVIIB U-boats were entered into the Kriegsmarine registry as commissioned vessels

  • U-5001
  • U-5002
  • U-5003
  • U-5004
  • U-5005
  • U-5006
  • U-5007
  • U-5008
  • U-5009
  • U-5010
  • U-5011
  • U-5012
  • U-5013
  • U-5014
  • U-5015
  • U-5016
  • U-5017
  • U-5018
  • U-5019
  • U-5020
  • U-5021
  • U-5022
  • U-5023
  • U-5024
  • U-5025
  • U-5026
  • U-5027
  • U-5028
  • U-5029
  • U-5030
  • U-5031
  • U-5032
  • U-5033
  • U-5034
  • U-5035
  • U-5036
  • U-5037
  • U-5038
  • U-5039
  • U-5040
  • U-5041
  • U-5042
  • U-5043
  • U-5044
  • U-5045
  • U-5046
  • U-5047
  • U-5048
  • U-5049
  • U-5050
  • U-5051
  • U-5052
  • U-5053
  • U-5054
  • U-5055
  • U-5056
  • U-5057
  • U-5058
  • U-5059
  • U-5060
  • U-5061
  • U-5062
  • U-5063
  • U-5064
  • U-5065
  • U-5066
  • U-5067
  • U-5068
  • U-5069
  • U-5070
  • U-5071
  • U-5072
  • U-5073
  • U-5074
  • U-5075
  • U-5076
  • U-5077
  • U-5078
  • U-5079
  • U-5080
  • U-5081
  • U-5082
  • U-5083
  • U-5084
  • U-5085
  • U-5086
  • U-5087
  • U-5088
  • U-5089
  • U-5090
  • U-5091
  • U-5092
  • U-5093
  • U-5094
  • U-5095
  • U-5096
  • U-5097
  • U-5098
  • U-5099
  • U-5100
  • U-5101
  • U-5102
  • U-5103
  • U-5104
  • U-5105
  • U-5106
  • U-5107
  • U-5108
  • U-5109
  • U-5110
  • U-5111
  • U-5112
  • U-5113
  • U-5114
  • U-5115
  • U-5116
  • U-5117
  • U-5118
  • U-5251
  • U-5252
  • U-5253
  • U-5254
  • U-5255
  • U-5256
  • U-5257
  • U-5258
  • U-5259
  • U-5260
  • U-5261
  • U-5262
  • U-5263
  • U-5264
  • U-5265
  • U-5266
  • U-5267
  • U-5268
  • U-5269
  • U-5330

Foreign U-boatsEdit

Germany captured and commissioned 14 submarines from six countries into the Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Post–World War II U-boatsEdit

Type XXIEdit

Type XXIIIEdit

Type 201Edit

Type 205Edit

Type 206Edit

Type 212Edit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit