German Type U 93 submarine

Type 93 was a class of U-boats built during World War I by the Kaiserliche Marine.

Class overview
BuildersGermaniawerft, Kiel and Kaiserliche Werft Danzig
Operators Imperial German Navy
Preceded byType U 87
Succeeded byType Large MS
Completed24
Lost6
General characteristics [1]
Displacement
  • 838 t (825 long tons) (surfaced)
  • 1,000 t (980 long tons) (submerged)
  • 1,270 t (1,250 long tons) (total)
Length
Beam
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) (o/a)
  • 4.18 m (13 ft 9 in) (pressure hull)
Draught3.94 m (12 ft 11 in)
Propulsion
  • 2,400 PS (1,800 kW; 2,400 shp) (surfaced)
  • 1,200 PS (880 kW; 1,200 shp) (submerged)
Speed
  • 16.8 knots (31.1 km/h; 19.3 mph) (surfaced)
  • 9.1 knots (16.9 km/h; 10.5 mph) (submerged)
Range
  • 11,280 nmi (20,890 km; 12,980 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) (surfaced)
  • 56 nmi (104 km; 64 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) (submerged)
Test depth50 m (160 ft)
Complement39 men
Armament

Type 93 U-boats carried 16 torpedoes and had various arrangements of deck guns. As with the type 81 and 87, some had only one 8.8 cm (3.5 in) SK L/30 deck gun while others had a single 10.5 cm (4.1 in) SK L/45 gun and some were initially equipped with both. In 1917 some of the boats were refitted with a single 10.5 cm gun and 220 rounds.

These boats carried a crew of 39 and had excellent seagoing abilities with a cruising range of around 9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi). Many arrangements from the Type 81, 87 and 93 were also seen on World War II Type IX U-boats when their design work took place 20 years later.

Compared to the previous type 87, the 93s were 5.75 metres (18 ft 10 in) longer, while the pressure hull was 5.98 m (19 ft 7 in) longer.[3] They were 1.2 knots (2.2 km/h; 1.4 mph) faster on the surface, and unchanged at 8.6 knots (15.9 km/h; 9.9 mph) submerged. Range decreased 2,360 nmi (4,370 km; 2,720 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph), to 9,020 nautical miles. They still carried 16 torpedoes with four bow and two stern tubes. Crew size was increased by 3 to 39.

Compared to the following type Large MS, the 93s were 11.95 m (39 ft 2 in)shorter, and 610 tonnes (600 long tons) lighter.[4] Their range was 980 nmi shorter, and speed was .2 knots (0.37 km/h; 0.23 mph) slower on the surface but .5 knots (0.93 km/h; 0.58 mph) faster submerged. The Large MS was intended for the deepest waters and the increased size made it more comfortable and very seaworthy.

Type 93 boats were responsible for sinking 3.201% of all allied shipping sunk during the war, taking a total of 412,419 combined tons. They also damaged 71,202 combined tons.

Boat Sunk Damaged Total
U-93 87,872 12,628 100,500
U-94 61,881 19,326 81,207
U-95 38,014 5,862 43,876
U-96 95,253 16,220 111,473
U-97 2,089 4,785 6,874
U-98 1,750 5,430 7,180
U-105 55,834 0 55,834
U-106 957 5,867 6,824
U-107 24,663 1,084 25,747
U-108 7,484 0 7,484
U-109 0 0 0
U-110 26,963 0 26,963
U-111 3,011 0 3,011
U-112 0 0 0
U-113 6,648 0 6,648
U-114 0 0 0
U-160 0 0 0
U-161 0 0 0
U-162 0 0 0
U-163 0 0 0
U-164 0 0 0
U-165 0 0 0
U-166 0 0 0
U-167 0 0 0
Total 412,419 71,202 483,621

List of Type 93 submarinesEdit

There were 24 Type 93 submarines commissioned into the Kaiserliche Marine.

By the end of World War I, 375 U-boats of 33 separate classes belonging to 7 general types had been commissioned. More boats were finished after the war and either destroyed or awarded to victorious nations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gröner 1991, pp. 12–14.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat Types: Type U 93". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat Types: Type 87". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat Types: Type Large MS". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net.

BibliographyEdit

  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. Vol. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.

External linksEdit