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Aircraft engines produced by the People's Republic of China.



Abbreviations Chinese Pinyin English Name
HS HuoSai Piston engine
WJ WoJiang Turboprop
WP WoPen Turbojet
WS WoShan Turbofan
WZ WoZhou Turboshaft

Piston enginesEdit

Designation Power Output Used by Remarks
HS-5 Nanchang Y-5 A version of the Shvetsov ASh-62, which itself was a modified version of the Wright R-1820. Built by the Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory (ZEF), which is now the South Motive Power and Machinery Complex (SMPMC).[1]
HS-6 Nanchang CJ-6, Harbin Y-11 Licensed copy of the Soviet Ivchenko AI-14R engine. Built by the Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory (ZEF). Chinese development resulted in many variants (-6A, -6B, -6C, -6D, -6E, -6K).
HS-7 1,268 kW (1,700 hp) Harbin Z-5 Licensed copy of the Soviet Shvetsov ASh-82V engine, which originated in the Wright R-1820. Built by Dongan Engine Manufacturing Company (aka Harbin Engine Factory).
HS-8 1,380 kW (1,850 hp) A modified version of the Dongan HS-7 which "combined the main body and supercharger of the HS-7 with the reduction gear and propeller drive of the Shvetsov ASh-82T". Built by Dongan Engine Manufacturing Company (aka Harbin Engine Factory).

Turboprop enginesEdit

Designation Power Output Used by Remarks
WJ-5 2,162 kW (2,899 shp) Xian Y-7 A Turboprop engine based on the Ivchenko AI-24, built by the Dongan Engine Manufacturing Company (Harbin Engine Factory) in several variants.
WJ-6 3,170 kW (4,250 shp) Shaanxi Y-8, AVIC AG600 Turboprop engine; a license-built copy of the Ivchenko AI-20.

Turboshaft enginesEdit

Designation Power Output Used by Remarks
WZ-5 Harbin/CHDRI Z-6 (cancelled) Turboshaft version of the WJ-5, cancelled.
WZ-6 Harbin Z-8 License-built copy of the Turbomeca Turmo.
WZ-8 Harbin Z-9, Harbin Z-19 Originally license-built copies of the Turbomeca Arriel turboshaft, many modified variants of this engine were made.
WZ-9 1,000 kW (1,300 shp) CAIC Z-10 New turboshaft engine for the Z-10 helicopter.
WZ-10 1,800 kW (2,400 shp) Harbin Z-20 Turboshaft engine. May power Z-10.
WZ-16 1,243 kW (1,667 shp) take-off
1,137 kW (1,525 shp) continuous
CAIC Z-10, Avicopter AC352 New turboshaft engine under development for the Z-10 and Z-15 helicopter based on Turbomeca Ardidan 3.

Turbojet enginesEdit

Designation Thrust Used by Remarks
PF-1 Shenyang JJ-1 (cancelled) A small turbojet engine based on the WP-5, which was a copy of the Soviet Klimov VK-1F.
WP-5 Shenyang J-5, Harbin H-5 A licensed copy of Soviet Klimov VK-1 turbojet, which was derived from the Rolls-Royce Nene engine. Built at the Shenyang Liming Aircraft Engine Company.
WP-5D 26.5 kN Shenyang JJ-5 trainer Produced by Xi'an (XAE)
WP-6 Shenyang J-6, Nanchang Q-5 Based on the Soviet Tumansky R-9BF-811 jet engine
WP-6A 29.42/36.78 kN Shenyang J-6 I, Nanchang Q-5 Improved WP-6
WP-6Z Nanchang J-12 (cancelled)
WP-7 43.15 kN Based on the Soviet Tumansky R-11-300 afterburning turbojet. Many upgrades and new variants have been developed from the basic engine.
WP-8 93.2 kN Xian H-6 Based on the Mikulin AM-3M-500 turbojet.[2]
WP-9 Shanghai Y-10 (cancelled) Based on the Pratt & Whitney JT3C, cancelled
WP-11 Beijing WZ-5, HY-4 anti-ship missile Small turbojet engine made by China National Aero-Engine Corporation (CAREC). Similar to the Turboméca Marboré.
WP-13 39.9/63.7 kN Chengdu J-7 A Chinese engine based on the Tumansky R-13-300 turbojet. Several variants were made.
WP-13A 44.1/66.7 kN
WP-13A-II 42.7/65.9 kN [1][2] Shenyang J-8II Produced by Liming Aircraft Engine Company
WP-13F 44.1/66.7 kN Chengdu J-7, JL-9
WP-14 Kunlun ~75 kN with afterburn Shenyang J-8III Indigenous Chinese turbojet engine developed by Shenyang Aeroengine Research Institute.
Chengdu J-7, Shenyang J-8T, Guizhou JL-9 Improved WP-14
WP-15 Shenyang J-13 turbojet

Turbofan enginesEdit

Designation Thrust Used by Remarks
WS-5 35 kN (7,900 lbf) Harbin H-5 (testbed) Cancelled; turbofan modification of WP-6
WS-6 Chengdu J-9, Shenyang J-13, Nanchang Q-6 Cancelled
WS-6A Cancelled
WS-8 80 kN (18,000 lbf) Shanghai Y-10 (cancelled) Cancelled
WS-9 Qinling 91.2 kN (20,500 lbf) Xian JH-7, JH-7A Licensed version of Rolls-Royce Spey RB.168 Mk 202
WS-9A Qinling 97 kN (22,000 lbf) Improved WS-9; comparable to the French SNECMA M53-P2
WS-10A Taihang 120–140 kN (27,000–31,000 lbf) Chengdu J-10, Shenyang J-11 Indigenous Thrust/Weight: 7.5 replacement for Saturn AL-31 and AL-31F; possibly used to power new Chengdu J-20 fighters
WS-10G Taihang 155 kN (35,000 lbf) Chengdu J-20 Modified Taihang with Thrust/Weight: 9, possibly used to power new J-20 fighters [3]
WS-11 16.87 kN (3,790 lbf) Hongdu L-11 Licensed version of the AI-25TLK
WS-12 Tianshan Cancelled
WS-12B Tianshan Xian JH-7B Heavier, improved WS-12
WS-12C Tianshan 80 kN (18,000 lbf) Comac ARJ21
WS-13 Taishan 86.37 kN (19,420 lbf) JF-17 Indigenous Thrust/Weight: 7.8 upgrade for RD-93
WS-13A Taishan 100 kN (22,000 lbf) Comac ARJ21 High-bypass turbofan.[4]
WS-15 Emei 180 kN (40,000 lbf) Chengdu J-20 Described by Russian sources as the "18-ton" thrust, T/W: 9-10 project possibly used to power new J-20 fighters.[5]
WS-17 JF-17
WS-18 120 kN (27,000 lbf) Xian H-6K, Xian Y-20 Developed as a replacement for the Soloviev D-30KP-2
SF-A 120 kN (27,000 lbf) Xian Y-20, Comac C919 A high-bypass turbofan derived from the WS-10A core.
WS-20 120–140 kN (27,000–31,000 lbf) Xian Y-20, Comac C919, CRAIC CR929, upgraded Il-76 / Il-78 A high-bypass turbofan based on the core of the low-bypass turbofan WS-10A.
CJ-1000A 98–196 kN (22,000–44,000 lbf) Comac C919 A high-bypass turbofan derived from the WS-20.
CJ-2000 340 kN (76,000 lbf) Chengdu P80, CRAIC CR929 A high-bypass turbofan.
CJ-500 78 kN (18,000 lbf) Comac ARJ21 Medium Thrust-Turbofan[6]
Minshan 39–49 kN (8,800–11,000 lbf) Hongdu L-15 Medium Thrust-Turbofan
Jiuzhai 9.8 kN (2,200 lbf) Medium Thrust-Turbofan[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Lisunov Li-2". DC-3/Dakota Historical Society, Inc. Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  2. ^ Kopp, Carlo (7 July 2007). "The PLA-AF's Aerial Refuelling Programs". Air Power Australia. pp. 1–1. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  3. ^ Archived 2015-08-13 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Archived 2016-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-08-13. Retrieved 2010-04-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "中國商用發動機公司曝中國正研窄體飛機ARJ-21發動機及未來發動機計劃". Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  7. ^ Lei, Zhao (15 November 2012). "Aviation industry flies into future|Economy|". China Daily Information Co. China Daily Europe. Retrieved 7 December 2018.