Line 1 of the Madrid Metro is an underground metro line running from Pinar de Chamartín in the north to Valdecarros in the southeast, via Sol. Today it has 33 stations (more than any other line on the Madrid Metro) and spans 24 km (14.9 mi) from end to end.

Line 1
Terminal at Pinar de Chamartín
Native nameLínea 1
TypeRapid transit
SystemMadrid Metro
Rolling stockCAF 2000-A
Ridership7.5 million monthly trips
Opened31 October 1919; 104 years ago (1919-10-31)
Line length23.876 km (14.836 mi)
Track gauge1,445 mm (4 ft 8+78 in)
Route map

Pinar de Chamartín
Plaza de Castilla
Cuatro Caminos
Ríos Rosas
Gran Vía
Tirso de Molina
Antón Martín
Estación del Arte
Menéndez Pelayo
Puente de Vallecas
Nueva Numancia
Buenos Aires
Alto del Arenal
Miguel Hernández
Sierra de Guadalupe
Villa de Vallecas
La Gavia
Las Suertes
Map of the line 1.

The line was the first metro line of the Madrid Metro, and the first metro line built in all of Spain. It originally contained only 8 stops connecting Cuatro Caminos in the north to the city center at Puerta del Sol. Line 1 marks the start of the Madrid Metro with its inauguration on 17 October 1919 and public service beginning 14 days later on 31 October.[2] There have been various extensions to the line since it opened including the most recent northern extension to Pinar de Chamartin on 11 April 2007 and a southern extension on 16 May 2007 to Valdecarros.

Line 1 is the second busiest line on the Madrid Metro, behind Line 6, with more than 7.5 million monthly trips.



Original line

The original Madrid Metro in 1919

The Line 1 was the first line of the Madrid Metro, and was inaugurated on 17 October 1919. It was opened to the public on 31 October 1919. It originally ran from Cuatro Caminos and Sol, containing 6 intermediate stops: Red de San Luis (now Gran Vía), Hospicio (now Tribunal), Bilbao, Chamberí, Martinez Campos (now Iglesia), and Ríos Rosas.[3]

The original line was extended from Sol to Atocha in 1921, then further to Puente de Vallecas in 1923.[4] It was extended from Cuatro Caminos to Tetuán in 1929.[5]

Early extensions


The line was expanded from Tetuán to Plaza de Castilla in 1961, and from Puente de Vallecas to Portazgo in 1962.[6]

Between 1964 and 1966, station platforms were extended from 60 metres (196 ft 10 in) to 90 metres (295 ft 3 in) in order to allow 6-car trains, due to heavy increasing passenger flow. This resulted in the closing of Chamberí station, whose platforms could not be lengthened due to it being located on a sharp curve near Iglesia station. The old Chamberí station, however, was reopened to the public in 2008 as part of the Madrid Metro's Platform 0 project, now functioning primarily as a historic exhibition.[7]

Recent improvements


In recent years, the line has been extended both north and south. Firstly, in 1988 Atocha Renfe was added between the stations of Atocha and Menéndez Pelayo to serve the new long-distance rail station of Atocha. On 1 April 1994, it was extended from Portazgo to Miguel Hernández and on 4 March 1999 from Miguel Hernández to Congosto.

In 2007, the line was extended to Pinar de Chamartín in two stages. First, on 30 March 2007, the line was extended from Plaza de Castilla to Chamartín, which provides interchange with Line 10 and Renfe services. The new metro complex has line 1 and in the future, line 11 on the lower level and line 10 on the upper level. On 11 April 2007 the extension to Pinar de Chamartín was completed. Here, there is interchange available to Line 4. There are two side platforms for arrivals and an island platform for departures. In May 2007, interchange to Metro Ligero 1 was available, which terminates one level higher.

On 16 May 2007, the line was extended south from Congosto to Valdecarros with two intermediate stations.

Line 1 was closed for reforms from 3 July 2016 to October 2016. 25 of the 33 stations were closed for a €70 million refurbishment project meant to modernize the line, the oldest in the system, and repair tunnel linings and replacing power cables. Replacement buses were offered to patrons during the closure.[8][9]

Rolling stock


Since the summer of 2007, the line uses CAF class 2000A rolling stock trains.


Station Opened Zone Connections
Pinar de Chamartín   2007 A Madrid Metro:  
Metro Ligero:  
Bambú   2007 A
Chamartín   1961 A Madrid Metro:  
Cercanías Madrid:              
Renfe Operadora: AVE, Alvia, Altaria, Talgo, Trenhotel
Plaza de Castilla   1967 A Madrid Metro:    
Valdeacederas 1961 A
Tetuán 1929 A
Estrecho 1929 A
Alvarado 1929 A
Cuatro Caminos   1919 A Madrid Metro:    
Ríos Rosas 1919 A
Iglesia   1919 A
Bilbao   1919 A Madrid Metro:  
Tribunal   1919 A Madrid Metro:  
Gran Vía   1919 A Madrid Metro:  
Cercanías Madrid:    
Sol   1919 A Madrid Metro:    
Cercanías Madrid:    
Tirso de Molina 1921 A
Antón Martín 1921 A
Estación del Arte 1926 A
Atocha   1988 A Cercanías Madrid:                
Renfe Operadora: AVE, Alvia, Alaris, Altaria, Talgo
Menéndez Pelayo 1923 A
Pacífico   1923 A Madrid Metro:  
Puente de Vallecas 1923 A
Nueva Numancia 1962 A
Portazgo   1962 A
Buenos Aires 1994 A
Alto del Arenal   1994 A
Miguel Hernández   1994 A
Sierra de Guadalupe   1999 A Cercanías Madrid:      
Villa de Vallecas   1999 A
Congosto   1999 A
La Gavia   2007 A
Las Suertes   2007 A
Valdecarros   2007 A

See also



  1. ^ "Andén 0" [Platform 0]. Metro Madrid (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  2. ^ "History 1919". Metro Madrid. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  3. ^ "History". Metro de Madrid. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Map of the network 1925". Metro Madrid. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Map of the network 1932". Metro Madrid. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Map of the network 1964". Metro Madrid. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Andén Cero". Metro de Madrid (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  8. ^ Pérez-Lanzac, Carmen (4 July 2016). "The long journey of the Vallecanos". El País. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  9. ^ Serrato, Fran; García Gallo, Bruno (1 March 2016). "Upcoming Madrid subway line closures set to spark travel chaos". El País. Retrieved 4 July 2016.

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