Gran Vía (Madrid Metro)

Gran Vía is a station on Line 1 and Line 5 of the Madrid Metro, located underneath Gran Vía and Red de San Luis Plaza in the Centro district of Madrid. It is located in fare zone A.[1][2]

Gran Vía
MetroMadridLogoSimplified.svg
Madrid Metro station
Replica of Antonio Palacio's tempietto of Gran Via station, at the re-inauguration day
General information
LocationCentro, Madrid
Spain
Coordinates40°25′12″N 3°42′06″W / 40.4200103°N 3.7018052°W / 40.4200103; -3.7018052Coordinates: 40°25′12″N 3°42′06″W / 40.4200103°N 3.7018052°W / 40.4200103; -3.7018052
Owned byCRTM
Operated byCRTM
Construction
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Fare zoneA
History
Opened17 October 1919 (1919-10-17)
Rebuilt2018–2021
Services
Preceding station Madrid Metro Following station
Tribunal Line 1 Sol
towards Valdecarros
Chueca Line 5 Callao
Out of system interchange
Preceding station Cercanías Madrid Following station
Nuevos Ministerios
towards Chamartín
C-3
transfer at Sol
Atocha
towards Aranjuez
Nuevos Ministerios C-3a
transfer at Sol
Nuevos Ministerios C-4
transfer at Sol
Atocha
towards Parla
Location
Gran Vía is located in Madrid
Gran Vía
Gran Vía
Location within Madrid

HistoryEdit

The station was opened in 1919 as one of the original 8 metro stops in Madrid. The original name of the station was Red de San Luis after the nearby plaza. The Gran Vía street was still under construction at that time, but a year later the station adopted that name.[3]

During the dictatorship of Franco, the name was changed again to José Antonio. This was done in parallel with the renaming of the Gran Vía street to José Antonio Avenue by Franco, in honor of José Antonio, founder of the fascist party Falange.

In 1970, the Line 5 platforms opened under the name José Antonio. Fourteen years later, in 1984, the station returned to its previous name of Gran Vía.

For many years, the station was known for the elaborate edifice [es] that housed the elevators, built by the architect Antonio Palacios. It was constructed of polished granite with an iron and glass canopy. To use the elevator, customers had to pay a small fee. The original vestibule, also done by Palacios, was decorated with glazed tiles. When the edifice was dismantled in 1972, it was returned to O Porriño, the architect's hometown. A replica of this structure has since been installed in the station.[4]

Renovation works (2018–2021)Edit

From 2018 to 2021, the station underwent major renovations and physical expansions, which included the construction of a pedestrian tunnel to the nearby Sol station, at an estimated cost of €18 million.[5][3] Following a number of significant delays, the station was finally reopened to the public on 16 July 2021.[4][6] The delay was caused by the finding of the remains of the Palacios elevator and stairs and a collapse risk of the tunnel to the commuter railway station.[7]

Further readingEdit

  • Zozaya, María; Barrena, Clemente y Medrano, José Miguel, La Gran Vía, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, 2002, Madrid. (ISBN 84-87181-83-X).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Línea 1". Metro de Madrid. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Línea 5". Metro de Madrid. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b Medialdea, Sara (11 October 2017). "Así será la nueva estación de Gran Vía de Madrid" [This is what the new Gran Vía station in Madrid will look like] (in Spanish). ABC Madrid.
  4. ^ a b Ugarte, Idoia (16 July 2021). "Three years later, Madrid reopens Gran Vía metro station with a retro-futuristic look". El País. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Cifuentes se gastará 300 millones de euros en conectar Sol con Gran Vía y ampliar la línea 11 de metro" [Cifuentes to spend 300 million euros to connect Sol with Gran Vía and extend Metro line 11] (in Spanish). El Diario. 21 September 2017.
  6. ^ Otero Maldonado, Jorge (14 July 2021). "La estación de Gran Vía reabre tras 1.061 días cerrada por unas obras mal planificadas" [Gran Vía station reopens after 1,061 days closed due to poorly planned construction work] (in Spanish). Público. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  7. ^ Casado, Diego (17 December 2020). "La estación de Gran Vía reabrirá con al menos 800 días de retraso" [Gran Vía station to reopen at least 800 days late]. ElDiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 December 2020.

External linksEdit