Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong

The Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港自由民主聯會, abbreviated 自民聯; LDF) was a pro-Beijing pro-business and conservative political party in the Hong Kong. It was established in 1990, and was composed of mainly conservative businessmen and professionals. It contested in the District Board elections, Urban and Regional Council elections and the first Legislative Council election in 1991 against the liberal United Democrats of Hong Kong (UDHK). It was merged into the Hong Kong Progressive Alliance in 1997. Chaired by Hu Fa-kuang and vice-chaired by Maria Tam and Philip Kwok, the leading figures included Tso Wung-wai, Howard Young, and Daniel Heung.

Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong

香港自由民主聯會
ChairmanHu Fa-kuang
Vice-ChairmenPhilip Kwok
Maria Tam
Founded6 November 1990 (1990-11-06)
Dissolved26 May 1997 (1997-05-26)
Merger ofProgressive Hong Kong
Society
Merged intoHong Kong Progressive
Alliance
IdeologyConservatism (HK)[1]
Economic liberalism
Political positionCentre-right
Regional affiliationPro-Beijing camp
Colours             Red, white and
blue

HistoryEdit

The party was established by a group of conservative businesspeople and professionals in the Hong Kong Basic Law Consultative Committee (BLCC), Hong Kong Basic Law Drafting Committee (BLDC), which was often called the "Group of 89", and appointed members in the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) who worried about welfare spending and adversarial on 6 November 1990, as the reaction to the liberals forming the United Democrats of Hong Kong (UDHK) on the eve of the first direct LegCo elections. The objective of party was to support candidates to fun in the upcoming elections. Due to lack of popular basis and experience, the group invited Maria Tam Wai-chu, member of the Executive and Legislative Councils and her Progressive Hong Kong Society (PHKS) to join, as well as four councillors from the Hong Kong Civic Association. Hu Fa-kuang became the founding Chairman, while Maria Tam and Philip Kwok Chi-kuen the founding Vice-Chairmen.[2]

The party won 24 seats in the 1991 District Board elections, 3 seats in the 1991 Urban and Regional Councils elections and 3 seats in the 1991 LegCo elections of which were all from functional constituencies. The party's pro-Beijing and business-oriented images faced competition from new parties the Beijing-loyalist Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) and pro-business Liberal Party established in 1992 and 1993 respectively. All three LegCo members, Ngai Shiu-kit, Howard Young and Peter Wong left the party for the Liberal Party in 1993.

The party gained back 1 seat in 1995 LegCo elections from the Election Committee with David Chu Yu-lin. In 1997, the party was merged into another pro-business pro-Beijing party Hong Kong Progressive Alliance.

Former LegCo membersEdit

Election performanceEdit

Legislative Council electionsEdit

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
GC
seats
FC
seats
EC
seats
Total seats +/−
1991 70,697  5.16  0 3
3 / 60
3 
1995 11,572  1.27  0 0 1
1 / 60
0 

Municipal electionsEdit

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
UrbCo
seats
RegCo
seats
Total
elected seats
1991 39,139  9.99 
2 / 15
1 / 12
3 / 27
1995 25,398  4.55 
1 / 32
3 / 27
4 / 59

District Board electionsEdit

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
Total
elected seats
+/−
1991 47,633  8.96 
24 / 272
1994 25,499  3.72 
11 / 346
 5

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lawrence, Anthony (1991). The Other Hong Kong Report 1991. Chinese University Press. p. 4.
  2. ^ Chan, Ming K. (1997). The Challenge of Hong Kong's Reintegration with China: Modern Diasporic Femininity. Hong Kong University Press. p. 58.