Hong Kong Progressive Alliance

The Hong Kong Progressive Alliance (HKPA) was a pro-Beijing, pro-business political party in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. It was established in 1994 and was merged into the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) in 2005. The DAB then renamed as the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong.

Hong Kong Progressive Alliance
ChairmanAmbrose Lau
Founded7 July 1994; 27 years ago (1994-07-07)
Dissolved16 February 2005; 17 years ago (2005-02-16)
Merger ofLiberal Democratic
Federation of Hong Kong
Merged intoDemocratic Alliance for
the Betterment and
Progress of Hong Kong
Headquarters11/F., Chung Nam
Building, 1 Lockhart
, Hong Kong
IdeologyChinese nationalism
Conservatism (HK)[1]
Economic liberalism
Political positionCentre-right
Regional affiliationPro-Beijing camp
Colors  Red
Hong Kong Progressive Alliance
Traditional Chinese香港協進聯盟
Simplified Chinese香港协进联盟
Traditional Chinese港進聯
Simplified Chinese港进联


The party was composed of mainly businessmen and professionals. The party was considered a pro-business conservative[1] and pro-Beijing one. It assured another voting block in support of Beijing's interest.[1] The basic platform of the party was to defend "One country-two systems" and the Basic Law, the mini-constitution of Hong Kong. It advocated handling political and social issues in a moderate, pragmatic and harmonious manner, and the 'progressive' development of democracy, emphasising 'stability, prosperity and progress'.

Party members maintained close relationships with Mainland China authorities. A number of them were deputies to the National People's Congress and members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference of the People's Republic of China.


Old logo used from 1994–97 before merging with the Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong

In July 1994, solicitor Ambrose Lau founded the 52-member Hong Kong Progressive Alliance in the direction of the New China News Agency which consisted of mostly pro-business factor of the CCP's united front, the Hong Kong Chinese Reform Association, the Federation for the Stability of Hong Kong and the New Hong Kong Alliance in preparation for the 1995 Legislative Council Election.[2] Ambrose Lau became the only member won the seat in the election through the Election Committee. It merged with the Liberal Democratic Federation (LDF) in 1997, another pro-business party formed in 1990.

The party won 5 seats in the 1998 election of the Legislative Council, of which 2 were from functional constituencies and 3 were from the election commission. In the 2000 LegCo election, the party won 4 seats (excluding Choy So-yuk who had joined the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) in the election). These included 1 seat each from geographical and function constituencies and 2 from election committee.

With the abolition of the election committee LegCo seats in 2004 election, the HKPA had an internal dispute on whether the party should send members for geographical direct elections. David Chu Yu-lin intended to run for a seat in New Territories East, and began canvassing, but suddenly decided to quit in late July. Tang Siu-tong also declined to run for re-election.

After that the party decided to let Tso Wung-wai to run for the election in New Territories East only, though there was a rumour that an independent candidate in New Territories West, Chow Ping-tim, was actually a member of HKPA. However, some outsiders think that HKPA was insincere in participating in direct elections and the dispute shows the party came to a decline.[citation needed] The party lost all the seats in the Legislative Council in the election.

HKPA merged with the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) on 16 February 2005.

Members of the party in the Legislative CouncilEdit

Electoral performanceEdit

Legislative Council electionsEdit

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
Total seats +/− Position
1995 25,964  2.85  0 0 1
1 / 60
1  7th 
1998 0 2 3
5 / 60
N/A 4th 
2000 25,773  1.95  1 1 2
4 / 60
1  4th 
2004 14,174  0.80  0 0
0 / 60
4  0 

Municipal electionsEdit

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
elected seats
1995 5,278  0.95 
0 / 32
0 / 27
0 / 59

District Council electionsEdit

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
elected seats
1994 3,288  0.48 
1 / 346
1999 23,168  2.86 
16 / 390
2003 29,091  2.77 
13 / 400

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Rioni, S. G., ed. (2002). Hong Kong in Focus: Political and Economic Issues. Nova Publishers. p. 24.
  2. ^ Loh, Christine (2010). Underground Front: The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press. p. 305.

External linksEdit