Lawrenceville, Georgia

Lawrenceville is a city in and the county seat of Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States.[4] It is a suburb of Atlanta, located approximately 30 miles (50 km) northeast of downtown and neighbors Suwanee, Dacula, and Duluth. Incorporated on December 15, 1821, exactly three years to the day after the formation of Gwinnett County, Lawrenceville is the oldest city in Gwinnett, and second oldest city in Metro Atlanta. As of the 2020 census, the population of Lawrenceville was 30,629.[5]

Lawrenceville, Georgia
Gwinnett County Courthouse
The Crepe Myrtle City
Location in Gwinnett County and Georgia
Location in Gwinnett County and Georgia
Lawrenceville is located in Metro Atlanta
Location of Lawrenceville in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°57′08″N 83°59′36″W / 33.95222°N 83.99333°W / 33.95222; -83.99333
CountryUnited States
Named forJames Lawrence
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • MayorDavid Still
 • Total13.80 sq mi (35.73 km2)
 • Land13.69 sq mi (35.46 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation1,083 ft (330 m)
 • Total30,629
 • Density2,237.33/sq mi (863.83/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
30042-30046, 30049
Area code404/678/770
FIPS code13-45488[3]
GNIS feature ID2404897[2]

History edit

Lawrenceville was incorporated by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 15, 1821. This makes Lawrenceville the second oldest city in the metropolitan Atlanta area. The city is named after Commodore James Lawrence, commander of the frigate Chesapeake during the War of 1812. Lawrence, a native of New Jersey, is probably best known today for his dying command, "Don't give up the ship!"[6] William Maltbie, the town's first postmaster, suggested the name of "Lawrenceville."

In 1821, a permanent site for the county courthouse was selected and purchased, the four streets bordering the square were laid out along with other streets in the village, and a public well was dug. Major Grace built the first permanent courthouse, a brick structure, in 1823–24 for a cost of $4,000. The courthouse presently on the square was constructed in 1885.[citation needed]

During the tumultuous era of the Civil War, Gwinnett County stood as a notable exception, casting its vote against secession. At the heart of this dissent was Lawrenceville, the county seat, which dispatched three delegates to represent its staunch opposition to secession. This resistance stemmed partly from the county's unique demographic makeup, characterized by a relatively low slave population, where the ratio of whites to slaves stood at 4 to 1.

Despite its initial reluctance to join the secessionist cause, Lawrenceville found itself drawn into the conflict as it rallied to support the Confederate war effort. The bustling town was home to the Lawrenceville Manufacturing Company, a prominent cotton mill established in the 1850s. This mill played a vital role in producing essential textile goods, including uniforms, to supply the Confederate army.

While Lawrenceville itself remained untouched by the direct clashes of battle, it was not spared the ravages of war. The infamous March to the Sea led by General Sherman brought the conflict to its doorstep. The town became a target for frequent raids by Union forces, disrupting daily life and instilling fear among its inhabitants.

One of the most devastating blows came when Union soldiers set fire to the Lawrenceville Manufacturing Company, dealing a severe blow to the city's commercial infrastructure. This act of destruction not only symbolized the toll of war on the town's economy but also underscored the intense division and strife tearing through the nation during this tumultuous period. By the end of the war, half of the wealth of Lawrenceville was lost by the Civil War.[7]

Courtland Winn served two terms as mayor starting in 1884 when he was 21 years old.[citation needed]

The two most famous people born in Lawrenceville gained their fame elsewhere. Charles Henry Smith, born in 1826, left as a young man and lived most of his life in other Georgia towns. During the Civil War he wrote humorous pieces for Atlanta newspapers under the name Bill Arp. He has been described as the South's most popular writer of the late 19th century, though he is not much read today. Ezzard Charles, born in 1921, grew up in Cincinnati, where opportunities for African-Americans were far better at the time than in the Deep South. He eventually became the World Heavyweight boxing champion by defeating Joe Louis by unanimous decision on September 27, 1950.[citation needed]

Lawrenceville was one of many venues in the nation where Hustler magazine publisher Larry Flynt faced obscenity charges in the late 1970s. On March 6, 1978, during a lunch break in his Lawrenceville trial, he and his local attorney Gene Reeves were shot by a sniper near the courthouse. Both survived, though Flynt was seriously disabled. Years later, imprisoned serial killer Joseph Paul Franklin claimed to have been the shooter, but he never produced any proof and was not charged in the case. (Franklin was executed in 2013 in Missouri for a 1977 sniper slaying.) A heavily fictionalized treatment of the Flynt shooting can be seen in the 1996 movie The People vs. Larry Flynt.[citation needed]

Since 1988, Lawrenceville has been the headquarters of the Presbyterian Church in America.[8]

Most of Lawrenceville's residents farmed cotton.[9]

Geography edit

Lawrenceville is located in central Gwinnett County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.5 square miles (35.0 km2), of which 13.4 square miles (34.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.83%, is water.[10]

Nearby cities are Dacula to the east, Buford to the north, Suwanee to the north-northwest, Duluth to the northwest, Norcross to the west, Lilburn to the southwest, Snellville to the south, and Grayson to the southeast.[citation needed]

Climate edit

Lawrenceville has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Lawrenceville, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 54
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 31
Record low °F (°C) −8
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.66
Source: [11]

Demographics edit

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
Downtown Lawrenceville (as of June 2006)

2020 census edit

Lawrenceville racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 8,009 26.15%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 10,547 34.43%
Native American 58 0.19%
Asian 2,316 7.56%
Pacific Islander 6 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,140 3.72%
Hispanic or Latino 8,553 27.92%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 30,629 people, 10,524 households, and 7,071 families residing in the city.

2010 census edit

As of 2010 Census, Lawrenceville had a population of 28,546. The median age was 32.4. The racial composition of the population was 48.0% white, 32.0% black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.1% Asian Indian, 4.7% other Asian, 10.3% from some other race, and 3.4% from two or more races. 22.3% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[14]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,779, and the median income for a family was $38,557. Males had a median income of $27,263 versus $24,903 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,649. About 28.7% of families and 40.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy edit

Atlanta Biologicals is located in Lawrenceville.[citation needed]

Peach State Federal Credit Union headquartered in Lawrenceville serves 39,800 members across Barrow, Clarke, DeKalb, Forsyth, Gwinnett, Jackson, Oconee and Walton Counties.[citation needed]

Arts and culture edit

The Aurora Theatre

The Old Seminary Building and Gwinnett County Courthouse in Lawrenceville are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Aurora Theatre is located in Lawrenceville.[citation needed]

The annual Polish Pierogi Festival occurs in August, and includes food booths, music, and competitions.[15][16]

Gwinnett County Public Library operates a library in Lawrenceville.[17]

Sports edit

The Triple-A Minor League Baseball Gwinnett Stripers of the International League play at Coolray Field.[citation needed]

Education edit

Gwinnett County Public Schools operates public schools.

Schools with Lawrenceville mailing address edit

The following is a list of schools with a Lawrenceville mailing address, with its high school cluster in parentheses.

Elementary schools edit

  • J.A. Alford Elementary School (Discovery)
  • Baggett Elementary School (Discovery)
  • Benefield Elementary School (Discovery)
  • Bethesda Elementary School (Berkmar)
  • Cedar Hill Elementary School (Discovery)
  • Corley Elementary School (Berkmar)
  • Craig Elementary School (Brookwood)
  • Gwin Oaks Elementary School (Brookwood)
  • Lawrenceville Elementary School (Central Gwinnett)
  • Simonton Elementary School (Central Gwinnett)
  • Kanoheda Elementary School (Berkmar)
  • Margaret Winn Holt Elementary School (Central Gwinnett)
  • Jackson Elementary School (Peachtree Ridge)
  • Woodward Mill Elementary School (Mountain View)
  • Freeman's Mill Elementary School (Mountain View)
  • Lovin Elementary School (Archer)
  • K.E. Taylor Elementary School (Collins Hill)
  • McKendree Elementary School (Collins Hill)
  • Jenkins Elementary School (Central Gwinnett)
  • Rock Springs Elementary School (Collins Hill)

Middle schools edit

  • Moore Middle School (Central Gwinnett)
  • J.E. Richards Middle School (Discovery)
  • Creekland Middle School (Collins Hill)
  • Jordan Middle School (Central Gwinnett)
  • Five Forks Middle School (Brookwood)
  • Alton C. Crews Middle School (Brookwood)
  • Sweetwater Middle School (Berkmar)

High schools edit

  • Archer High School
  • Central Gwinnett High School
  • Discovery High School
  • Gwinnett School of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
  • Maxwell High School
  • Mountain View High School
  • Phoenix High School

Other schools edit

Colleges and university edit

Within Lawrenceville are two public colleges:

Infrastructure edit

Transportation edit

Roads and expressways edit

Transit systems edit

Xpress GA/ RTA Commuter buses and Gwinnett County Transit serve the city.

Airport edit

Gwinnett County Airport is partially located in Lawrenceville.[citation needed]

Hospitals edit

Northside Hospital Gwinnett is located in Lawrenceville.[citation needed]

Biorepository edit

The CDC and ATSDR Specimen Packaging, Inventory and Repository (CASPIR) biorepository located in Lawrenceville, Georgia holds over 6.5 million samples.[18]

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 18, 2021. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lawrenceville, Georgia
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on July 1, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  6. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  7. ^ Flanigan, James. History of Gwinnett County, Georgia. Gwinnett Historical Society. pp. 246–251.
  8. ^ "A Brief History of the Presbyterian Church in America". Presbyterian Church in America. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  9. ^ "History of Lawrenceville | Lawrenceville, GA".
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lawrenceville city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2016.[dead link]
  11. ^ "Average weather for Lawrenceville". Archived from the original on October 17, 2017. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on July 1, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  14. ^ "2010 Census data for LAWRENCEVILLE, GA". Datasheer, L.L.C. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  15. ^ "11th annual Polish Pierogi Festival set for Saturday". August 23, 2019. Archived from the original on August 26, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  16. ^ Caldwell, Mary. "Festivals and fun runs: 16 things to do in metro Atlanta this weekend". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 25, 2020. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  17. ^ "Hours & Locations Archived 2010-07-26 at the Wayback Machine." Gwinnett County Public Library. Retrieved on May 30, 2014.
  18. ^ "CDC - DLS - CDC & ATSDR Specimen Packaging, Inventory, and Repository (CASPIR)". CDC. February 6, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2024.
  19. ^ Blinder, Alan (September 29, 2015). "Clemency Denied, Kelly Gissendaner Nears Execution in Georgia". New York Times. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  20. ^ "Wesleyan School Student Nabs Nickelodeon Gig". Peachtree Corners Patch. March 17, 2016. Archived from the original on April 17, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  21. ^ Great Crowd Support In 2-1 Loss Archived October 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine

External links edit