Lachine (French pronunciation: [laʃin]) is a borough (arrondissement) within the city of Montreal on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It was an autonomous city until the municipal mergers in 2002.
|Parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine||1676|
|Montreal merger||January 1, 2002|
|• Mayor||Maja Vodanovic (PM)|
|• Federal MP(s)||Anju Dhillon (LPC)|
|• Quebec MNA(s)||Enrico Ciccone (PLQ)|
|• Land||17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)|
|• Change (2011-16)||6.9%|
|• Dwellings (2006)||19,909|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||(514) and (438)|
Lachine, apparently from the French term la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1667, in mockery of its then owner René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America trying to find a passage to China. When he returned without success, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (the Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1676, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.
An alternative etymology attributes the name to the famous French explorer Samuel de Champlain, who also hoped to find a passage from the Saint Lawrence River to China. According to this version, in 1618 Champlain proposed that a customs house would tax the trade goods from China passing this point, hence the name Lachine.
On August 4, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands, which was accused having been committed by the governor of New France, the Marquis de Denonville. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead.
Lachine was incorporated as a village in 1848, then it became a town in 1872 and a city in 1909. It merged with the town of Saint-Pierre in 1999, and the combined municipality merged into Montreal on January 1, 2002. Lachine's logo during its municipality days is still in use today.
The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on January 1, 2002, and it did not demerge on January 1, 2006.
The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval, to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lake Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.
It has an area of 17.83 km² (7 sq. mi.) and a population of 44,489 per the 2016 Canadian Census.
|Non Official language only||4,555||11%|
|Non Official language only||8,275||20%|
|Not a visible minority||32,250||75.9%|
As of the November 7, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
|Maja Vodanovic||Projet Montréal|
|—||City councillor||Micheline Rouleau||Projet Montréal|
|Du Canal||Borough councillor||Julie-Pascale Provost||Independent|
|Fort-Rolland||Borough councillor||Michèle Flannery||Projet Montréal|
|J.-Émery-Provost||Borough councillor||Younes Boukala||Projet Montréal|
On October 23rd, 2020 Julie-Pascale Provost was expelled from Projet Montreal in a controversial move where she was not informed until after the party released a press release.
Federal and provincial districtsEdit
Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.
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Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
Adult schools include:
- Centre d'éducation des adultes de LaSalle, Édifice Boileau
Professional development centres include:
- Centre de formation professionnelle de Lachine (CFP), Édifice Dalbé-Viau and Édifice de la Rive
Secondary schools include:
Primary schools include:
- École Primaire Catherine-Soumillard
- École Primaire Victor Therrien
- École Primaire des Berges-de-Lachine
- École Primaire Jardin-des-Saints-Anges
- École Primaire Martin-Bélanger
- École Primaire Paul-Jarry
- École Primaire Philippe-Morin
- École Primaire Très-Saint-Sacrement
The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.
- Lakeside Academy (a merger of Lachine High School and Bishop Whelan High School)
- Maple Grove Elementary School in Lachine, a merger of the Meadowbrook School in Lachine and the Bishop-Whelan School in Dorval, opened in August 2010
- A portion is zoned to LaSalle Elementary Junior and Senior Campus in LaSalle
- The Pearson Electrotechnology Centre (PEC; Centre d'électrotechnologie Pearson), a public vocational school of the LBPSB, is in Lachine.
- "Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Lachine". Archived from the original on 2012-12-16. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lachine, Quebec
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2016 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- Site archéologique de l'Église-des-Saints-Anges-de-Lachine
- "Commission de toponymie du Québec - Lachine (Ville)". Archived from the original on 2015-05-25. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- Brook, Timothy (2007). Vermeer's Hat: The Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Global World. London: Bloomsbury Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-59691-444-5.
- Lachine's first city hall (click on "Read More" at bottom)
- "Memorial to victims of Air India bombing inaugurated in Lachine." CTV Montreal. Sunday December 5, 2010. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "ÉCOLES ET CENTRES." Commission Scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "Home." Maple Grove Elementary School. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "School Board Map." Lester B. Pearson School Board. Retrieved on September 28, 2017.
- "Home Archived 2014-11-11 at the Wayback Machine." Pearson Electrotechnology Centre. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- Converse, Cathy (2018) . Horsdal, Marlyn (ed.). Following the Curve of Time: The Untold Story of Capi Blanchet (Book) (2nd ed.). TouchWood Editions. ISBN 978-1-77151-296-1.