Montreal City Council
The Montreal City Council (French: Conseil municipal de Montréal) is the governing body in the mayor–council government in the city of Montreal, Quebec. The head of the city government in Montreal is the mayor, who is first among equals in the city council. The council is a democratically elected institution and is the final decision-making authority in the city, although much power is centralized in the executive committee. The council consists of 65 members from all boroughs of the city. The council has jurisdiction over many matters, including public security, agreements with other governments, subsidy programs, the environment, urban planning, and a three-year capital expenditure program. The city council is also required to supervise, standardize or approve certain decisions made by the borough councils.
Montreal City Council
Conseil municipal de Montréal (French)
|Seats||64 councillors and mayor|
36 / 65
19 / 65
3 / 65
2 / 65
5 / 65
|5 November 2017|
- Shed near Pointe a Callieres 1642 - as town hall
- Chateau Maisonneuve ??
- Palais de l’Intendance 1698-1713?
- Chateau Ramezay 1760-1774
- Maison Beaujeu (320 Notre Dame)
- Bonsecours Market - home to city hall and council from 1852 to 1878
- Old Montreal Courthouse (now Édifice Lucien-Saulnier) 1922-1926, 2019–present
- Montreal City Hall - 1878-1922; 1926-2019 (closed for renovations until 2022)
Reporting directly to the city council, the executive committee exercises decision-making powers similar to that of the cabinet in a parliamentary system and is responsible for preparing various documents including budgets and by-laws, submitted to the city council for approval. The decision-making powers of the executive committee cover, in particular, the awarding of contracts or grants, the management of human and financial resources, supplies and buildings. It may also be assigned further powers by the city council.
Standing committees are the council's prime instruments for public consultation. They are responsible for the public study of pending matters and for making the appropriate recommendations to the council. They also review the annual budget forecasts for departments under their jurisdiction. A public notice of meeting is published in both French and English daily newspapers at least seven days before each meeting. All meetings include a public question period. The standing committees, of which there are seven, have terms lasting two years. In addition, the city council may decide to create special committees at any time. Each standing committee is made up of seven to nine members, including a chairman and a vice-chairman. The members are all elected municipal officers, with the exception of a representative of the government of Quebec on the public security committee.
The current city council consists of the mayor and 64 elected city councillors, including borough mayors. Unlike most Canadian cities, the city of Montreal has political parties; however, these are not chapters of any federal or provincial political parties, but are standalone entities at the municipal level.
Each borough is divided into between two and five districts, and has a different system of representation depending on its population. Each borough also has a five-member borough council, consisting of the borough mayor, any city councillors, and in certain boroughs additional borough councillors, as follows:
|Borough||Representation on city council||Additional representation on borough council|
|Ahuntsic-Cartierville||Borough mayor and city councillors for 4 districts||None|
|Anjou||Borough mayor and 1 city councillor||Borough councillors for 3 districts|
|Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce||Borough mayor and city councillors for 5 districts||None|
|L'Île-Bizard–Sainte-Geneviève||Borough mayor only||Borough councillors for 4 districts|
|Lachine||Borough mayor and 1 city councillor||Borough councillors for 3 districts|
|LaSalle||Borough mayor and city councillors for 2 districts||Each district elects 2 borough councillors|
|Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve||Borough mayor and city councillors for 4 districts||None|
|Montréal-Nord||Borough mayor and city councillors for 2 districts||Each district elects 1 borough councillor|
|Outremont||Borough mayor only||Borough councillors for 4 districts|
|Pierrefonds-Roxboro||Borough mayor and city councillors for 2 districts||Each district elects 1 borough councillor|
|Le Plateau-Mont-Royal||Borough mayor and city councillors for 3 districts||Each district elects 1 borough councillor|
|Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles||Borough mayor and city councillors for 3 districts||Each district elects 1 borough councillor|
|Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie||Borough mayor and city councillors for 4 districts||None|
|Saint-Laurent||Borough mayor and city councillors for 2 districts||Each district elects 1 borough councillor|
|Saint-Léonard||Borough mayor and city councillors for 2 districts||Each district elects 1 borough councillor|
|Le Sud-Ouest||Borough mayor and city councillors for 2 districts||Each district elects 1 borough councillor|
|Verdun||Borough mayor and city councillors for 2 districts||Each district elects 2 borough councillors|
|Ville-Marie||Mayor of Montreal (ex officio borough mayor)
and city councillors for 3 districts
|2 city councillors from other boroughs named by the Mayor|
|Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension||Borough mayor and city councillors for 4 districts||None|
|Party||Leader||Seats as of August 23, 2017||Seats as of November 5, 2017 election||Current seats|
|Projet Montréal||Valérie Plante||19||34||36|
|Ensemble Montréal||Lionel Perez||36||25||19|
|Équipe Barbe Team||Manon Barbe||2||3||3|
|Équipe Anjou||Luis Miranda||2||2||2|
|Coalition Montréal||Marvin Rotrand||1||1||0|
|Vrai changement pour Montréal||Justine McIntyre||2||0||0|
|Équipe Dauphin Lachine||Claude Dauphin||1||0||0|
Changes since November 5, 2017 electionEdit
- November 20, 2017: Jean-François Parenteau, borough mayor of Verdun, leaves Équipe Denis Coderre to sit as an independent, upon taking a position on the executive council.
- January 11, 2018: Équipe Denis Coderre takes on the name Ensemble Montréal. 
- April 26, 2018: Hadrien Parizeau, city councillor for the district of Saint-Sulpice, is expelled from Ensemble Montréal and sits as an independent.
- August 3, 2018: Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension borough mayor Giuliana Fumagalli is expelled from Projet Montréal and sits as an independent.
- October 1, 2018: Chantal Rouleau, borough mayor of Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles, and Frantz Benjamin, city councillor for the district of Saint-Michel, leave the city council upon being elected to the National Assembly of Quebec.
- October 12, 2018: Giovanni Rapanà, city councillor for the district of Rivière-des-Prairies, leaves Ensemble Montréal to sit as an independent.
- October 20, 2018: Marie-Josée Parent, city councillor for the district of Champlain–L'Île-des-Sœurs, leaves Ensemble Montréal to join Projet Montréal.
- December 16, 2018: In two by-elections, Caroline Bourgeois of Projet Montréal is elected borough mayor of Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles, and Josué Corvil of Ensemble Montréal is elected city councillor for Saint-Michel.
- January 11, 2019: Marvin Rotrand, city councillor for Snowdon, the only member of Coalition Montréal on the council, announces that he will sit as an independent.
- April 9, 2019: Cathy Wong, speaker of the city council and city councillor for the district of Peter-McGill, leaves Ensemble Montréal and sits as an independent.
- May 14, 2019: Luc Ferrandez, borough mayor of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, resigns.
- October 3, 2019: Cathy Wong, speaker of the city council and city councillor for the district of Peter-McGill, sitting as an independent, joins Projet Montréal.
- October 7, 2019: Luc Rabouin of Projet Montréal is elected in a by-election to serve as borough mayor of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, succeeding Luc Ferrandez.
See the members of the Montreal Executive Committee
- "City Council". City Hall. Ville de Montréal. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2013-11-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Normandin, Pierre-André (20 November 2017). "Montréal: trois élus d'expérience à des postes-clés au comité exécutif". La Presse. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- "L'Opposition officielle se nomme désormais « Ensemble Montréal »". Cision. 11 January 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Hadrien Parizeau expulsé d'Ensemble Montréal". Radio-Canada. 26 April 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "La mairesse de Villeray exclue de Projet Montréal pour « comportement inapproprié »". Radio-Canada. 3 August 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Municipal by-elections on December 16". Élection Montréal. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Nabbad, Youti (12 October 2018). "RDP-PAT : Giovanni Rapanà quitte Ensemble Montréal". Métro Montréal. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Marie-Josée Parent rejoint l'administration Plante". Radio-Canada. 20 August 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Official results of the by-election held on December 16, 2018". Élection Montréal. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Normandin, Pierre-André (12 January 2019). "Coalition Montréal compte fermer boutique". La Presse. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Cathy Wong, 1st woman named Speaker of Montreal's city council, will sit as independent". Global News. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Gosselin, Janie (14 May 2019). "Luc Ferrandez annonce son départ de la vie politique". Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Champagne, Sara (2 October 2019). "Cathy Wong rejoint Projet Montréal". La Presse. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Ruel-Manseau, Audrey (7 October 2019). "Luc Rabouin succède à Luc Ferrandez". La Presse. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- List of city and borough councillors. Ville de Montréal.