La Camisa Negra

"La Camisa Negra" ("The Black Shirt") is a Spanish rock song written by Juanes, inspired by Colombian singer-songwriter Octavio Mesa and recorded by Juanes for his third studio album Mi Sangre. In Latin America, the track was released in 2005 as the third single from Mi Sangre, and in Europe, it was released in 2006 as the album's lead single.

"La Camisa Negra"
La Camisa Negra.jpg
Single by Juanes
from the album Mi Sangre
Released18 March 2005
Recorded2004
Genre
Length3:36
LabelSurco, Universal Music Latino
Songwriter(s)
  • Juanes
  • Octavio Mesa
Producer(s)
Juanes singles chronology
"Volverte a Ver"
(2004)
"La Camisa Negra"
(2005)
"Para Tu Amor"
(2005)
Music video
"La Camisa Negra" on YouTube

It was the summer hit of 2005 in Spain.[1]

The song received mixed reviews from critics and generated controversy when it was used to support neo-fascism in Italy. Juanes strongly repudiated the misappropriation of his song for political purposes. The single was very successful in Latin America, topping most record charts.

Music and structureEdit

"La Camisa Negra" is written in common time in the key of F-sharp minor.[3] The song is carried by a heavy bass guitar and an acoustic guitar strum at a moderate 100 beats per minute, with an accompanying melody on the electric guitar.[3] The lyrics are organized in the common verse-chorus form,[4] and Juanes' range spans around an octave and a half, from C#4 to F#5.[3]

LyricsEdit

The lyrics explain that the bitter singer is wearing La Camisa Negra, the black shirt, as a way of mourning a failed love affair or even his own death, presumably singing to the object of his love. Some of the lyrics have double meanings or are structured to suggest more off-color phrases. Several sentences seem ready to end with an obscenity, before gliding into a new sentence that begins with a similar but non-obscene word. The sad lyrics are dissonant with the cheerful melody.[5]

Critical receptionEdit

The song received mixed reviews from critics. Contactmusic.com stated that the track "is a good intro into the world of Juanes as it fully exhibits his guitar style and absorbing voice."[6] MyVillage gave the song two out of five stars, commenting that it "has a certain charm about it, but I certainly won't mind missing the boat on this occasion."[7] IndieLondon called the song "a supremely slick acoustic ballad", stating that "the rolling guitar licks…provide a wonderful accompaniment."[8] OMH gave the song a mixed review, stating that "the powerful chorus has a rather catchy vocal melody to it" but that "it's like being promised a culinary banquet only to be served a few chicken nuggets."[9]

ControversyEdit

The song was used in Italy in support of neo-fascism because of the association of "black shirt" with the Fascist Blackshirts of Benito Mussolini,[10] and many nightclub attendees from the far right raised an arm in the fascist salute when the song was played.[11] In response, left-wing media network Indymedia called for a boycott of the song.[11] Juanes later stated that "'La Camisa Negra' has got nothing to do with fascism or Mussolini...People can interpret music in all kinds of ways I guess."[12] The song was also banned in the Dominican Republic for its sexual undertones.[13] It was also implicated in controversy at his August 2009 performance in Havana.[14][15]

Chart performanceEdit

In the United States, the song performed quite well for a Spanish language recording reaching number eighty-nine on the Billboard Hot 100.[16] It performed much better on the Latin charts, topping the Hot Latin Tracks for eight non-consecutive weeks,[17] topping the Latin Pop Airplay, and reaching number two on the Latin Tropical Airplay.[16] Billboard listed the song at number two on the 2005 year-end Hot Latin Songs chart, behind fellow Colombian singer-songwriter Shakira's "La Tortura".[18] The song performed well in Europe, topping the charts in Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland and reaching the top twenty in Belgium, Finland, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Norway.[19] The single was certified gold in Switzerland[20] and it is one of the Top 10 singles in the country's history.[21] As of August 2014, it is the 51st best-selling single of the 21st century in France, with 395,000 units sold.[22]

Music videoEdit

A music video for the song was released in 2005. In the video, Juanes arrives in a town, accompanied by two women (played by Colombian actresses Natalia Duran and Norma Nivia) and an older man. The man and women exit the car, and the man begins playing a guitar while the two dance. Various people are shown in realist street scenes. A wave comes out of the guitar, and aside from Juanes, everyone through whom the wave passes is frozen in time, performing the same motion repeatedly in forward and reverse. During the last chorus, the wave reverses direction, and the people of the town disappear. The waves emitted by the guitar are sucked back in to the guitar. It is unexplained the identity of the women and the old man, and their motives, but it is assumed that they are sinister and possibly they are not even humans. The song and video appear in the video games Dance Dance Revolution Hottest Party 3 and Dance Dance Revolution X2.

Cover versionsEdit

In 2007, Mexican singer Lucero included a live version with mariachi of this song on her album Lucero En Vivo Auditorio Nacional.

In 2009, the University of Rochester Midnight Ramblers recorded a contemporary a cappella version of the song for their 8th studio album, Ca C'est Bon.

Fox's 2009 TV Show Glee in episode 3 "Acafellas," a cover version of this song was heard in background.

Dutch band 3JS covered the song in 2011 as a B-side for their "Toen Ik Jou Vergat" single.

The song was covered by Nuno Resende and Julio Iglesias Jr. as the opening track for the 2014 compilation album Latin Lovers in tribute of Latin music. A music video was also launched.[23]

Other language versions

There is an Iranian version of the song entitled "Beverley Hills" by group Barobax.

There are several Russian cover versions of this song made by different artists including the Yarilov duo (Ярилов Зной), Mark Tisman (Марк Тишман), Igor Presnyakov (Игорь Пресняков) etc.

In popular culture

Kylie Minogue performed a live cover version in Bogotá during her 2008 KylieX2008 tour.

Formats and track listingsEdit

12" maxi single (House Remixes)

  1. "La Camisa Negra" [Main Mix]
  2. "La Camisa Negra" [Duro Mix]
  3. "La Camisa Negra" [T.U.&G! Remix]

CD single #1

  1. "La Camisa Negra" [Album Version] – 3:36
  2. "La Camisa Negra" [Remix por Toy Hernández] – 4:36

CD single #2

  1. "La Camisa Negra" [Album Version] – 3:36
  2. "La Camisa Negra" [Sonidero Nacional Remix] – 3:36

Maxi single (24 July 2005)

  1. "La Camisa Negra" [Album Version] – 3:36
  2. "La Camisa Negra" [Sonidero Nacional Remix] – 3:36
  3. "Fotografía" [feat. Nelly Furtado] – 3:58
  4. "La Camisa Negra" [Video] [Bonus]
  5. An Introduction to Juanes [Bonus]

Charts and certificationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Forero, Juan. "A Singer Confronts Colombia's Pain". The New York Times. 23 November 2005. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
  3. ^ a b c Sheet music for "La Camisa Negra". Songs of Camaleon. 2004.
  4. ^ Juanes. "La Camisa Negra" lyrics. Mi Sangre liner notes. 2004.
  5. ^ English translation of the lyrics, with detailed explanation, at Livejournal.com
  6. ^ Fabode, Seyi. "Juanes, Mi Sangre, Album Review". ContactMusic.Retrieved 31 March 2007.
  7. ^ Dallimore, Rachael. "Juanes: La Camisa Negra". MyVillage. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
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  10. ^ Martínez, Daniel. "Juanes en medio de polémica italiana". BBC Mundo. 3 September 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
  11. ^ a b "Italians see red over 'black shirt' pop song". Reuters. 1 September 2005. Retrieved from Free Republic 1 April 2007.
  12. ^ Wilson, Scott. "From Colombia, Encouraging Sounds". The Washington Post. 14 October 2003: page C01.
  13. ^ Sainz, Adrian. "Rubio, Juanes Earn Billboard Latin Awards" Archived 10 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Yahoo! Music. 28 April 2005. Retrieved 7 February 2007.
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  15. ^ Juanes#2009 Peace Concert in Cuba
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  17. ^ Jeckell, Barry A. "Carey Still 'Belongs' At No. 1". Billboard. 9 June 2005. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
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External linksEdit