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Križevci (Croatian pronunciation: [krǐːʒeːʋt͡si]; Latin: Crisium, Hungarian: Kőrös [ˈkøːrøʃ], German: Kreutz [kʁɔʏ̯t͡s]) is a town in central Croatia with a total population of 21,122 and with 11,231 in the city itself (2011),[1] the oldest town in its county, the Koprivnica-Križevci County.

Križevci
Grad Križevci
Town of Križevci
Križevci Greek Catholic Cathedral
Križevci Greek Catholic Cathedral
Križevci is located in Croatia
Križevci
Križevci
Location of Križevci in Croatia
Coordinates: 46°01′33″N 16°32′33″E / 46.02583°N 16.54250°E / 46.02583; 16.54250Coordinates: 46°01′33″N 16°32′33″E / 46.02583°N 16.54250°E / 46.02583; 16.54250
Country Croatia
CountyFlag of Koprivnica-Križevci County.png Koprivnica-Križevci
Government
 • MayorMario Rajn (Ind.)
Area
 • Town263.72 km2 (101.82 sq mi)
Elevation
140 m (460 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Town21,122
 • Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
 • Urban
11,231
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
48260
Area code(s)048
Vehicle registration
Websitehttp://www.krizevci.hr/

HistoryEdit

 
View of Križevci from air
 
Saint Anne's Church

The first mention of the so-called Upper Križevac was from 1193 by Béla III, obtaining the status of Royal Borough[2] in 1252 by the ban Stephan which was confirmed by King Béla IV a year later. The so-called Lower Križevac developed somewhat slower than its twin town: it became a free royal town in 1405, thanks to king Sigismund.

Bloody Sabor of Križevci (Croatian: Krvavi Sabor u Križevcima) was organised killing of the Croatian ban Stjepan Lacković and his followers by king Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, on 27 February 1397.[3]

Križevac was the birthplace of a Catholic priest Marko who died at the hand of Calvinists in Košice in 1619, and was subsequently canonized because of his martyrdom. This event is commemorated every September 7 in Križevci.

After centuries of division, empress Maria Theresa of Austria united the Lower and Upper Križevac into Križevci in 1752 (the word Križevci is plural of Križevac). The town was also hit by the wars with the Turks, but it regained importance in 1871 when the railway was built through it on the way from Budapest to Rijeka.

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Križevci was a district capital in the Bjelovar-Križevci County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

These days the town is pretty much oriented towards mass entrepreneurship, but it still enjoys the greatest number of valuable and oldest monuments in the county (both in the town and its surroundings).

Križevci has nine churches (seven Catholic, a Serbian Orthodox and a Greek Catholic), some of them built in the Middle Ages. In the oldest Gothic Church of Saint Cross in Križevci, there are important Baroque pictures and a marble altar dating from the 18th century (by Francesco Robba). Also interesting is the parish church of St. Anne from the 17th century.

Of particular note is the Greek Catholic Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, the seat of the Eparchy of Križevci since 1789. The cathedral building was worked on by some of Zagreb's finest architects: its facade was rebuilt by Bartol Felbinger in 1817 while an internal reconstruction was performed in the Gothic revival style by Hermann Bolle in 1892-97. The iconostasis and the pictures on the walls are works of famous Croatian painters including Ivan Tišov, Celestin Medović and Bela Čikoš-Sesija.

Križevci Synagogue was built in 1895 and today serves as a youth center. The city museum exhibits a rich archeological, ethnographic and cultural-historical collection.

The main town manifestation is called Križevačko veliko spravišče, commemorated yearly, when the local cultural traditions are displayed during a fiesta that lasts throughout the first full weekend of July. According to legend, this feast originates from a 14th-century feast of reconciliation between the previously hostile communities of merchants from the towns of Križevac and the nobility from the nearby Kalnik hillside.

GeographyEdit

Križevci is a city in Koprivnica-Križevci County. Because of its nearness to Zagreb (57 km), Križevci is developing like a satellite city. It has a good position because it's close to all regional centers: Koprivnica (31 km), Bjelovar (33 km) and Varaždin (48 km). Very important fact for establishing the city was its macro traffical position. This place was known already in antics and Middle Ages because that was where the main caravan roads crossed, and there was a famous king's Coloman road that was going through Križevci. That road was connecting Pannonia and Dalmatia. In its closer past, many roads and other types of traffic connections were built: Many macadamic roads that connects Posavina, region around Kalnik and Podravina (there were all already finished in the 18th century), the railroad from Hungary to Zagreb, that goes through Koprivnica and Križevci (1870.), and to Bjelovar (1894). Today, city is still important because it connects Bjelovar and Koprivnica, big regional centers, and because it's the place where many regional roads starts from direction of Bjelovar, Gornja Rijeka and Sudovec, valley of the river Bednja, zelinsko prigorje over Čanjevo and from Rasinja over Apatovec. Križevci lies on 140 m above the level of the sea, where the southern part of Kalnik begins.

Topographically, it lies on pleistocene surface, between swamped alluvial valleys of the brook Vrtlin from the east and the brook Koruska from the west. Relief, geological-petrografical structure, convenient climate and abundance of water, all these were elements of economical and demographic development of the city. Modern demographic-economical transformation has changed relations in space and structure of population, and it is observable through processes of deagrarization, industrialization and deruralization. This effected with abandoning agricultural production, abandoning villages and moving to Križevci.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Križevci, Croatia (1971–2000, extremes 1961–2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
21.7
(71.1)
25.2
(77.4)
29.6
(85.3)
32.7
(90.9)
35.1
(95.2)
37.6
(99.7)
38.5
(101.3)
33.5
(92.3)
27.9
(82.2)
23.9
(75.0)
21.6
(70.9)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
6.0
(42.8)
11.2
(52.2)
15.7
(60.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.8
(74.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.7
(78.3)
21.5
(70.7)
15.4
(59.7)
8.3
(46.9)
3.9
(39.0)
15.1
(59.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.7
(35.1)
6.0
(42.8)
10.2
(50.4)
15.0
(59.0)
18.1
(64.6)
19.9
(67.8)
19.2
(66.6)
15.1
(59.2)
9.8
(49.6)
4.4
(39.9)
0.8
(33.4)
10.0
(50.0)
Average low °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.9
(33.6)
4.5
(40.1)
9.0
(48.2)
12.3
(54.1)
13.8
(56.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9.8
(49.6)
5.2
(41.4)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F) −25.5
(−13.9)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−5
(23)
−3
(27)
0.5
(32.9)
4.0
(39.2)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−7
(19)
−17.2
(1.0)
−21
(−6)
−25.5
(−13.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.1
(1.54)
40.1
(1.58)
46.3
(1.82)
57.5
(2.26)
75.2
(2.96)
90.4
(3.56)
76.0
(2.99)
70.5
(2.78)
75.5
(2.97)
75.5
(2.97)
79.0
(3.11)
60.9
(2.40)
785.9
(30.94)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.0 8.6 9.9 12.2 12.2 13.3 10.6 9.8 10.4 11.0 11.2 10.6 128.9
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 11.2 8.9 2.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 7.1 33.0
Average relative humidity (%) 84.7 78.4 72.0 69.6 71.9 73.5 73.8 76.7 81.3 83.9 85.8 87.0 78.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.9 101.7 142.6 171.0 232.5 237.0 282.1 260.4 192.0 127.1 66.0 49.6 1,920.9
Percent possible sunshine 24 39 43 46 54 55 64 64 56 44 30 25 48
Source: Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service[4][5]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census, Croats form an absolute majority at 96.6% with Serbs making up for 2.1% of the population.[6]

The list of settlements in the administrative area of Križevci is:[1]

EducationEdit

Križevci is home to the College of Agriculture at Križevci,[7] founded in 1860 as the Royal Agriculture and Forestry College.[8]

CultureEdit

Križevci is home to a monument to the 37 people from the city who died in the Croatian War of Independence entitled the Mother of the Dead Hero.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Križevci". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ Križevci.eu - history / golden bull
  3. ^ Križevci Bloody Assembly krizevci.eu
  4. ^ "Križevci Climate Normals" (PDF). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Mjesečne vrijednosti za Križevci u razdoblju1961−2014" (in Croatian). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Koprivnica-Križevci". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  7. ^ College of Agriculture at Križevci. Accessed: April 13, 2013.
  8. ^ Husinec, Renata, and Dejan Marenčić. n.d. "Križevci College of Agriculture." Archived December 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Accessed: April 13, 2013.
  9. ^ Otkrivena 'Majka poginulog junaka'

External linksEdit