Krasna Hora (Ukrainian: Красна Гора; Russian: Красная Гора, romanizedKrasnaya Gora) is an urban-type settlement in Bakhmut Raion, Donetsk Oblast, eastern Ukraine. The name is derived from the local red clay deposit, which is used for production of bricks.[3] Administratively, it is part of Bakhmut urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[4] Population: 584 (2022 estimate).[2] Since 2023, it has been under Russian occupation.

Krasna Hora
Красна Гора
Krasna Hora is located in Donetsk Oblast
Krasna Hora
Krasna Hora
Location of Krasna Hora within Donetsk Oblast#Location of Krasna Hora within Ukraine
Krasna Hora is located in Ukraine
Krasna Hora
Krasna Hora
Krasna Hora (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°39′52″N 38°01′06″E / 48.66444°N 38.01833°E / 48.66444; 38.01833
Country Ukraine
OblastDonetsk Oblast
RaionBakhmut Raion
HromadaBakhmut urban hromada
Area
 • Total1.64 km2 (0.63 sq mi)
Elevation113 m (371 ft)
Population
 (2022)[2]
 • Total584
 • Density360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
84536
Area code+380 6274
Map

History edit

20th century edit

Krasna Hora has its origins in a ceramics factory named "Krasna Hora" that was built in 1906. Initially, only seasonal employees worked in the plant, but by the 1930s, barracks were built for permanent workers to live. These workers were migrants from Kharkiv Oblast to the north. During World War II, the Krasna Hora factory was occupied by Nazi Germany between October 1941 and September 1943. The brick factory was completely destroyed during the occupation. It was eventually restored in 1944. Actual houses began to be built in the area in 1949, and it received official urban-type settlement status in 1964 under the name Krasna Hora.[3]

21st century edit

On 30 October 2014, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine placed Krasna Hora on a list of settlements within the Anti-Terrorist Operation Zone, a term used to identify Ukrainian territory occupied by Russian forces and their proxies during the war in Donbas.[5]

During the eastern Ukraine campaign of the full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine, Krasna Hora was attacked by Russian forces anew. In summer 2022, electricity and water services were completely knocked out. There were still many elderly people living in the village then.[6] Krasna Hora came under direct assault amid the battles for Soledar and Bakhmut. Geolocated footage from 11 February 2023 showed Russian troops walking around freely in parts of the town, indicating that Ukrainian troops likely withdrew from the settlement.[7][8]

Education edit

There is a kindergarten in the town.[3]

Demographics edit

Historical population
Year1970 1979 1989 2001 2022
Pop.800[3]800[3]700[3]690[3]584[2]
±%—    +0.0%−12.5%−1.4%−15.4%

References edit

  1. ^ "Krasna Hora (Donetsk Oblast)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Красна гора". Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Красна Гора - Донецька область". decentralization.gov.ua. Retrieved 2023-09-17.
  5. ^ "Населені пункти у зоні АТО - Донецька область [СПИСОК] | ОГО". Retrieved 2023-09-17.
  6. ^ "У селищі Красна Гора на Донеччині вже тиждень немає світла та води". Retrieved 2023-12-11.
  7. ^ Bailey, Riley; Stepanenko, Kateryna; Mappes, Grace; Howard, Angela; Kagan, Frederick W. "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 11, 2023". ISW. Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 12 February 2023.
  8. ^ Russak, Igor. "Wagner founder Prigozhin says Russian forces take Ukraine village Krasna Hora, north of Bakhmut". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 13 February 2023.