Kraslice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkraslɪtsɛ]; German: Graslitz) is a town in Sokolov District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 6,700 inhabitants.

Kraslice
Town hall
Town hall
Flag of Kraslice
Coat of arms of Kraslice
Kraslice is located in Czech Republic
Kraslice
Kraslice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°19′45″N 12°30′31″E / 50.32917°N 12.50861°E / 50.32917; 12.50861Coordinates: 50°19′45″N 12°30′31″E / 50.32917°N 12.50861°E / 50.32917; 12.50861
Country Czech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictSokolov
First mentioned1272
Government
 • MayorRoman Kotilínek
Area
 • Total81.33 km2 (31.40 sq mi)
Elevation
514 m (1,686 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total6,705
 • Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
358 01
Websitewww.kraslice.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Town parts and villages of Černá, Čirá, Hraničná, Kámen, Kostelní, Krásná, Liboc, Mlýnská, Počátky, Sklená, Sněžná, Tisová, Valtéřov and Zelená Hora are administrative parts of Kraslice.

EtymologyEdit

The roots of the name derive from the medieval German "Graz", meaning pine forest. Many variants were used throughout the town's history: Greselin, Zum Greselin, Gresslens, Gresslas, Gresslitz, Graeslitz and Graslitz. The Czech name is a transliteration of the last used German name.

GeographyEdit

The town is situated on the southern slopes of the eastern reaches of the Ore Mountains, some 5 km from the neighbouring German town of Klingenthal. It lies in an area known for swarm type seismic activity. The last strong earthquake swarm was in 1986.[2]

HistoryEdit

German monks from Waldsassen Abbey in Bavaria were the first to settle the upper Svatava valley in the 12th century. The town was granted regal city status by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor in 1370. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. In 1944 a women's subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was established here. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 and the town was resettled with Czechs.

TransportEdit

The town lies on railway line No 145 from Sokolov to Klingenthal. Passenger services are provided by the railway company of GW Train Regio.

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186912,006—    
188014,176+18.1%
189017,147+21.0%
190019,264+12.3%
191022,418+16.4%
YearPop.±%
192120,419−8.9%
193022,310+9.3%
19507,383−66.9%
19617,617+3.2%
19707,128−6.4%
YearPop.±%
19807,371+3.4%
19917,604+3.2%
20017,273−4.4%
20116,695−7.9%
20216,705+0.1%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[3]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Kraslice is twinned with:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ Nehybka, V; Skácelová, Z (2000). "Results of seismological measurements by the Kraslice network in the period 1991–1998". Exploration Geophysics, Remote Sensing and Environment. 7 (1–2): 18–28.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Sokolov" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 5–6.
  4. ^ "Město" (in Czech). Město Kraslice. Retrieved 2020-07-24.

External linksEdit