Kotelva (Ukrainian: Котельва) is an urban-type settlement in Kotelva Raion in Poltava Oblast and the administrative centre of Kotelva Raion. Population: 11,883 (2021 est.)[2]

Kotelva
Котельва
Flag of Kotelva
Coat of arms of Kotelva
Kotelva is located in Ukraine
Kotelva
Kotelva
Coordinates: 50°3′51.68″N 34°44′58.16″E / 50.0643556°N 34.7494889°E / 50.0643556; 34.7494889
Country Ukraine
Oblast Poltava Oblast
RaionKotelva Raion
Founded1582
Government
 • Head of city councilIvan M. Harkvenko
Area
 • Total26.87 km2 (10.37 sq mi)
Elevation
102 m (335 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total11,883
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
38600[1]
Area code(s)5350

LocationEdit

Kotelva is in the northeastern area of forest on the left tributary of the Vorskla River, the Kotelva River. Kotelva is 66 km from Poltava on N12 and 35 km from the nearest train station.

HistoryEdit

Two settlements of the Bandaryhynska culture dating back to the 12th and 10th centuries BC were found on the outskirts of Kotelva.

Kotelva was one of the earliest settlements of the Left-bank Hetmanate. The settlement emerged in the mid-16th century and in 1709 was temporarily included in Slobodian. The emergence of a new settlement on the left bank laid its development in both the political and religious areas.

Kotelva was first mentioned in writing in 1582 when Hetman Skalozub told it about the attack of the Crimean state units. In 1638, inhabitants of the town first attacked against the Polish authorities in the army of Hetman Pivtorakozhuka. For ten years, during the Khmelnytsky Uprising, Kotelva inhabitants participated in battles under the leadership of Bohdan Khmelnytsky. In the second half of the 17th century and in the first half of the 18th century Kotelva was a fortress protecting against attacks of Crimean and Nogai troops. In January 1709, Charles XII of Sweden spared the city. Later deceit town came under the direct jurisdiction of Grand Duchy of Moscow and entered into the Akhtyrsky regiment of Sloboda Ukraine. The church remained subordinate to the Kyiv Metropolis.

Subsequently, Kotelva rebuilt the castle in 1718. In 1722, the Akhtyrsky Regiment was excluded from Kyiv province and went into the Military College. In the 1732 census, Kotelva had a population of 3,877.

 
Holy Trinity Church

In 1743, another census was held. Kotelva now had 8,433 inhabitants. The town was given a coat of arms. In 1812, the Holy Trinity Church, its largest architectural monument, was built.[3]

With a population around 20,000, Kotelva was one of the largest villages in Ukraine until 1930. At the time it had a large cottage industry, mainly involved in weaving. In 1979, the town had a population of 12,000.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ukrainian Zip Codes". angelfire.com. Retrieved 2015-09-25.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ a b Kubijovyc, Volodymyr (2016-05-26). Encyclopedia of Ukraine: Volume II: G-K. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442651180.
  4. ^ "Sydir Kovpak". warheroes.ru (in Russian).