Kosjerić

Kosjeríć (Serbian Cyrillic: Косјерић; pronounced [kɔsjɛ̌rit͡ɕ]) is a town and municipality located in the Zlatibor District of western Serbia. The municipality has a population of 12,090 inhabitants, but the town itself has 3,992. The municipality's area is 359 square kilometres (139 sq mi), with 26 villages mostly placed in the river valleys, though there are also some settlements in the mountains at altitudes of more than 1,000 metres (3,300 feet).

Kosjeríć

Косјерић
Coat of arms of Kosjeríć
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Kosjerić within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Kosjerić within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°00′N 19°55′E / 44.000°N 19.917°E / 44.000; 19.917Coordinates: 44°00′N 19°55′E / 44.000°N 19.917°E / 44.000; 19.917
Country Serbia
RegionŠumadija and Western Serbia
DistrictZlatibor
Settlements27
Area
 • Town3.34 km2 (1.29 sq mi)
 • Municipality358 km2 (138 sq mi)
Elevation
415 m (1,362 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
3,992
 • Town density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Municipality
12,090
 • Municipality density34/km2 (87/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
31260
Area code+381(0)31
Car platesUE
Websitewww.kosjeric.rs

GeographyEdit

The town is situated on the road between Požega on one end and Valjevo on the other. The town is near the mountain tourist centres: Divčibare and Zlatibor. It lies at the foothill of Drmanovina and Crnokosa and from south Povlen and Maljen mountains.

ClimateEdit

Kosjerić has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), that's very close to an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb).

Climate data for Kosjerić
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
6.0
(42.8)
11.4
(52.5)
15.1
(59.2)
19.9
(67.8)
23.4
(74.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.8
(78.4)
22.3
(72.1)
16.9
(62.4)
9.4
(48.9)
4.9
(40.8)
15.3
(59.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
2.0
(35.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.8
(49.6)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.7
(67.5)
19.8
(67.6)
16.4
(61.5)
11.6
(52.9)
5.5
(41.9)
1.6
(34.9)
10.4
(50.7)
Average low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
1.2
(34.2)
4.6
(40.3)
9.2
(48.6)
12.5
(54.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.8
(56.8)
10.5
(50.9)
6.4
(43.5)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.5
(41.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 62
(2.4)
57
(2.2)
57
(2.2)
68
(2.7)
90
(3.5)
92
(3.6)
81
(3.2)
65
(2.6)
67
(2.6)
65
(2.6)
78
(3.1)
76
(3.0)
858
(33.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org [3]

HistoryEdit

The exact date of the town's founding is unclear. Near the town archaeologists have found Roman and Serbian medieval relics, but it is believed that mass immigration occurred before the Serbian Revolution at the beginning of the nineteenth century with people from Montenegro, East Bosnia and the Western Serbian mountains Zlatibor and Tara.

This part of Serbia was under the rule of the Nemanjić dynasty until the Ottoman Empire seized control of the country in 1463. During the next two centuries roads were built and major development began linking the Adriatic Sea to western Serbia and to the east. Wars between Austria-Hungary and the Turks took a toll on the population numbers in Kosjerić.

It is thought that the oldest inhabitants of the town were from the family Kosijer. From legends it is said that Antonije Kosjer came from Kosijer in Montenegro and brought his three sons along with him. After that Jovan Baronim came from the village Bare and his sister accompanied him with seven sons. It is recorded that there was migration from the village of Divci and from Montenegrin Kolašin.

Rapid development began in 1882, but it was suppressed by the faster-growing communities of nearby bigger towns, Valjevo and Požega. Kosjerić reached the status of the town in 1966 and economic development after the completion of the Belgrade-Bar railway in 1972.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194817,917—    
195318,592+0.74%
196117,898−0.47%
197116,582−0.76%
198116,157−0.26%
199115,478−0.43%
200214,001−0.91%
201112,090−1.62%
Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Kosjerić has a population of 12,090 inhabitants.

Ethnic groupsEdit

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population %
Serbs 11,879 98.25%
Montenegrins 23 0.19%
Croats 8 0.07%
Others 180 1.49%
Total 12,090

SettlementsEdit

Aside from the town of Kosjerić, the municipality includes the following 27 settlements:

EconomyEdit

Much of Kosjeríć's economy is based on agriculture and processing industry, with local cement factory being the key of economic development in past few decades. The cement factory is one of three Serbian cement factories and it has helped boost the economic prosperity not only for the town but for the whole region. In 2002, TITAN Group and the Serbian Privatization Agency signed an agreement for the transfer of 70% of the share capital of the Kosjerić Cement company, a deal worth $35.5 million.[5] As of 2013, the production capacity of the Kosjerić cement plant was 750,000 tons.[5] With modernization of production processes, the number of employees fell from 680 in 2002 to around 250 in 2013.[5] Many of the town citizens are employed at the factory.

Due to its location and climate Kosjerić has a strong production of fruit and vegetables, most of which are plums and raspberries. The area is well known for its plum brandy (40–45% ABV; "ljuta rakija").[citation needed] Other successful companies are: concrete pipelines manufacturer "Pim-Grad", electric equipment manufacturer "Elkok" and factories for the manufacture of concrete elements like "Kofeniks" and "Povlen".

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 25
Mining and quarrying 2
Manufacturing 1,033
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 34
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 41
Construction 114
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 336
Transportation and storage 260
Accommodation and food services 98
Information and communication 20
Financial and insurance activities 11
Real estate activities 1
Professional, scientific and technical activities 83
Administrative and support service activities 25
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 118
Education 182
Human health and social work activities 83
Arts, entertainment and recreation 21
Other service activities 37
Individual agricultural workers 343
Total 2,866

TourismEdit

Kosjerić has developing tourism industry.[7] Kosjerić and the surrounding area are known for their fresh air and beautiful nature.[8] High mountains, fields, wood and water wells surround the town and it is famous for country tourism and the production of healthy food. Fresh air and nice climate are very appropriate for different sports; hence Kosjerić became a famous sport center equipped with different types of sport fields on 40,000 square metres (430,000 square feet), sports hall with 700 stands, Olympic-sized pool and several football, basketball and handball playgrounds.

It has attracted many people from central Serbia for its famed festivals: "The Shepard Days" (Serbian: Čobanski dani) which is held every July and "Days of Petar Lazić" (Serbian: Dani Petra Lazića) which is held every August.[9][10][11] Also, every year an NGO called "K-Town Group" organize an international art camp "Kosjerić", which includes different art workshops with 50 participants from around the world.[12] The development and reconstruction of the "Hotel Olympic" has also further helped increase tourist numbers.

GalleryEdit

Twin citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Climate: Kosjerić, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  4. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  5. ^ a b c V., R. (13 November 2014). "Retki primeri uspeha". vreme.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  6. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  7. ^ Krsmanović, A. (17 November 2012). "Kosjerić: Aktivan odmor na selu". novosti.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  8. ^ D., R. (9 June 2018). "Kosjerić – pejzaž koji očarava" (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  9. ^ "EVENTS 2018" (PDF). serbia.travel. National Tourism Organisation of Serbia. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  10. ^ D., K. (2 August 2018). "Počinju Dani Petra Lazića". danas.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  11. ^ Jovanović, Jelka (7 August 2018). "Dani dobrog duha, satire i muzike". danas.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  12. ^ T., D. (26 July 2017). "INTERNACIONALNI ART KAMP od 27. jula do 11. avgusta u Kosjeriću". blic.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 November 2018.

External linksEdit