Korea Independence Party

The Korea Independence Party (Korean: 한국독립당, Hanguk Doglib Dang, KIP) was a political party in South Korea.

Korea Independence Party
한국독립당
韓國獨立黨
FounderJo So-ang
Founded1928, in Shanghai, Republic of China
Dissolved1970
HeadquartersShanghai, Republic of China (1928-1945)
Seoul, South Korea (from 1945)
IdeologyConservatism[1]
Korean nationalism[1]
Dangun nationalism
Three Principles of the Equality[1]
Paternalistic conservatism
Baekbeomism
Hongik-Inganism[2][3]
Factions:
Social democracy[4]
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
Korea Independence Party
Hangul
한국독립당
Hanja
韓國獨立黨
Revised RomanizationHan-guk Doglibdang
McCune–ReischauerHan'guk Doklipdang

HistoryEdit

The party was established in Shanghai by Kim Koo in 1928, uniting a faction of conservative members of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea headed by Kim.[5] When Kim was able to return to Korea in 1945, the KIP began operating in the country. Kim was initially supportive of Syngman Rhee, but a dispute over holding separate elections in South Korea (Kim was opposed, Rhee was for) led to a split and the party did not participate in the 1948 parliamentary elections in South Korea. However, Kim was a candidate in the indirect presidential elections in July 1948, losing heavily to Rhee.

When Kim was assassinated in 1949, the party went into a sharp decline. It participated in the 1950 parliamentary elections, but received only 0.3% of the vote, failing to win a seat. It received the same vote share in the 1960 elections, again failing to win a seat. It nominated Chun Jin-han as its candidate for the May 1967 presidential elections; he finished fifth in a field of six candidates with 2.1% of the vote. Despite increasing its vote share to 2.2% in the June 1967 parliamentary elections, the party remained seatless.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "한국독립당(韓國獨立黨)". 한국민족문화대백과사전 (Encyclopedia of Korean Culture) (in Korean). Retrieved 11 December 2021.
  2. ^ 정영훈, ed. (1999). 홍익 인간 이념 연구. 한국 정신 문화 연구원. p. 137.
  3. ^ 이이화, ed. (1994). 한국사 의 주체적 인물들. 여강 출판사. p. 392.
  4. ^ 이재영, ed. (2016). 신일철, 그의 철학과 삶. 고려대학교 출판문화원. p. 422. ISBN 9788971050033. 1929년 조소앙에 의해 기초된 한국 독립당의 강령에 있는 “균점”, “평등”의 3균주의적 표현에서 사회민주주의의 경향을 엿볼 수 있다.
  5. ^ Haruhiro Fukui (1985) Political parties of Asia and the Pacific, Greenwood Press, p671