Kneževo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kneževo (Serbian Cyrillic: Кнежево) formerly Skender Vakuf (Скендер Вакуф) is a town and municipality located in northwestern Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 9,793 inhabitants.
Location within Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Goran Borojević (SNSD)|
|• Total||332.9 km2 (128.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||29/km2 (76/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Website||Official Kneževo Municipality Website|
Up until the 1992-1995 Bosnian War, the town was known as Skender Vakuf. During the war the town was renamed Kneževo by the Serb authorities. Accordingly, many media outlets continue to refer to the area as Skender Vakuf-Kneževo.
Roman basilica have been found in Imljani and Javorani, and remains of the Roman road from Servitium (Banja Luka) to Levsaba (Travnik) were also found in the vicinity. Tombstones of the Stećak type date back to the 14th and 15th centuries, when the area was part of the Kingdom of Bosnia. The town was founded in the Ottoman Empire. It is first mentioned in the records of a Muslim judge from Jajce in 1693, while there is no record of it in the census of the Bosnia Eyalet of 1604. Two generations of imams are mentioned in the records, which means it was most likely founded in the latter half of the 17th century. The architecture of the Old Mosque in Skender-Vakuf also indicates it was built in the latter half of the 17th century. The charitable endowment (vakuf) that is reflected in the town's traditional name Skender Vakuf (after Ali-dedo Skender) contributed to urbanization. The Old Mosque was significant and one of the first in the region. It was destroyed, along with the New Mosque, in 1992 during the Bosnian War.
In the Korićani Cliffs massacre of 21 August 1992, some 200 Bosniaks and Croats detainees were massacred by the Bosnian Serbs Police and Army forces from Prijedor (in deep cliff in the canyon of Ilomska) river.
Kneževo is located between the rivers Ugar, Vrbas and Vrbanja and surrounded by the mountain chains of Čemernica, Ranča in the west, Vlašić in the south and Ježica in the north-east. The municipality has an official altitude of 864 metres (2,835 ft), but really ranges from 600 to 1,493 metres (1,969 to 4,898 ft). Kneževo is 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Banja Luka by the M56 motorway.
Neighbouring municipalities are Čelinac (extreme north), Kotor Varoš (east), Travnik, Dobretići, Jajce (south), Mrkonjić Grad and the city of Banja Luka (west). The southern border is defined by the border of the Republika Srpska with the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country's other entity. The mountainous region in the south is forested and impracticable; its limestone mountains reach a height of 1,493 metres (4,898 ft).
Aside from the town of Kneževo, the municipality includes the following settlements:
|Population of settlements – Kneževo municipality|
|Ethnic composition – Kneževo town|
|Total||3,958 (100,0%)||3,759 (100,0%)||2,910 (100,0%)||1,688 (100,0%)|
|Serbs||2,484 (66,08%)||1,491 (51,24%)||723 (42,83%)|
|Bosniaks||1,063 (28,28%)||1,118 (38,42%)||923 (54,68%)|
|Yugoslavs||111 (2,953%)||205 (7,045%)||5 (0,296%)|
|Others||59 (1,570%)||7 (0,241%)||4 (0,237%)|
|Croats||42 (1,117%)||45 (1,546%)||17 (1,007%)|
|Montenegrins||28 (0,962%)||10 (0,592%)|
|Albanians||14 (0,481%)||6 (0,355%)|
|Etnic composition – Kneževo municipality|
|Total||9,793 (100,0%)||19,418 (100,0%)||22,948 (100,0%)||21,419 (100,0%)|
|Serbs||9,288 (94,84%)||13,263 (68,30%)||15,953 (69,52%)||15,926 (74,35%)|
|Bosniaks||429 (4,381%)||1,071 (5,516%)||1,141 (4,972%)||947 (4,421%)|
|Others||45 (0,460%)||145 (0,747%)||64 (0,279%)||78 (0,364%)|
|Croats||31 (0,317%)||4,770 (24,56%)||5,395 (23,51%)||4,431 (20,69%)|
|Yugoslavs||169 (0,870%)||322 (1,403%)||9 (0,042%)|
|Montenegrins||53 (0,231%)||21 (0,098%)|
|Albanians||15 (0,065%)||6 (0,028%)|
|Slovenes||2 (0,009%)||1 (0,005%)|
After the war, the majority of the old Skender Vakuf municipality became part of the new Kneževo municipality of the Republika Srpska entity. Four Croatian pre-war settlements became part of the new Dobretići municipality of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2014)
According to the 1991 census, the municipality consisted of: Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Brnjići, Bunar, Čarići, Ćukovac, Davidovići, Dobratići, Donji Orašac, Golo Brdo, Gornji Orašac, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Kričići - Jejići, Melina, Mijatovići, Milaševci, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Pavlovići, Prisika, Rađići, Skender Vakuf, Slipčevići, Šolaji, Vitovlje Malo, Vlatkovići, Vukovići, Zapeće, Zasavica, Zubovići and Živinice.
In 1995, the municipality included Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Čarići, Ćukovac, Golo Brdo, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Malići, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Rađići, Kneževo, Šolaji, Vlatkovići and Živinice; the south-western settlements of Davidovići, Dobretići, Kričići and Melina became part of the municipality of Dobretići in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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