Mrkonjić Grad

Mrkonjić Grad (Serbian Cyrillic: Мркоњић Град; pronounced [mr̩koɲit͡ɕ grad]) is a town and municipality located in western part of Republic of Srpska (Republika Srpska), an autonomous entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the region of Bosanska Krajina, between Banja Luka and Jajce. As of 2013, the municipality has a population of 16,671 inhabitants, while the town of Mrkonjić Grad has a population of 7,915 inhabitants.

Mrkonjić Grad

Мркоњић Град
Mrkonjić Grad
Mrkonjić Grad
Coat of arms of Mrkonjić Grad
Coat of arms
Location of Mrkonjić Grad within Republika Srpska
Location of Mrkonjić Grad within Republika Srpska
Location of Mrkonjić Grad
Coordinates: 44°25′N 17°05′E / 44.417°N 17.083°E / 44.417; 17.083Coordinates: 44°25′N 17°05′E / 44.417°N 17.083°E / 44.417; 17.083
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Government
 • MayorDivna Aničić (SNSD) [1]
Area
 • Total677.43 km2 (261.56 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total16,671
 • Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)50

NameEdit

The town changed its name several times in history: Gornje Kloke, Novo Jajce, Varcarev Vakuf, Varcar Vakuf, and ultimately the present one. The last renaming took place in 1924 after King Peter I of Serbia, who had taken the nom de guerre "Mrkonjić" while fighting in the uprising (1875–78) against the Ottoman Empire.

HistoryEdit

 
Balkana lake
 
Church of Saint Sava
 
Bočac fortress

From 1929 to 1941, Mrkonjić Grad was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In World War II, the town became renowned by the first meeting of ZAVNOBiH on 25 November 1943, when Bosnia and Herzegovina was proclaimed as a common republic of Serbs, Croats and Muslims.

During the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995, the town was within the territory controlled by ethnic Serbs. The town is also known for the Mrkonjić Grad incident where the USAF lost one F-16 in June 1995.[2] The pilot of the jet, Scott O'Grady, was stranded in the area for six days before being rescued by US Marines. In 8–12 October 1995, Mrkonjić Grad was in the hands of the Croatian Army (HV) and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO).

After the Dayton peace agreement the town was assigned to the entity of Republika Srpska.[3] In 1996, a mass grave containing the bodies of 181 Serbs—mostly civilians—was uncovered in Mrkonjić Grad. Almost all were killed by Croat forces in late 1995.[4]

DemographicsEdit


PopulationEdit

Population of settlements – Mrkonjić Grad municipality
Settlement 1910. 1921. 1931. 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971.[5] 1981.[6] 1991.[7] 2013.[8]
Total 20,620 27,014 29,178 31,127 30,949 30,159 29,684 26,278 16,671
1 Baljvine 1,140 333
2 Bjelajce 980 693
3 Brdo 587 548
4 Donji Baraći 524 287
5 Donji Graci 358 206
6 Gerzovo 679 256
7 Gornji Graci 926 556
8 Gustovara 428 208
9 Kopljevići 489 296
10 Kotor 443 311
11 Majdan 946 408
12 Medna 791 221
13 Mrkonjić Grad 2,249 2,770 4,089 6,602 8,422 7,915
14 Oćune 447 215
15 Orahovljani 463 263
16 Podbrdo 991 731
17 Podorugla 849 921
18 Podrašnica 1,096 733
19 Šehovci 642 251
20 Stupari 435 288
21 Trijebovo 509 211

Ethnic compositionEdit

Ethnic compsition – Mrkonjić Grad town
2013.[8] 1991.[7] 1981.[6] 1971.[5]
Total 7,915 (100,0%) 8,422 (100,0%) 6,602 (100,0%) 4,089 (100,0%)
Serbs 5,945 (70,59%) 4,077 (61,75%) 2,156 (52,73%)
Bosniaks 1,450 (17,22%) 1,414 (21,42%) 1,419 (34,70%)
Yugoslavs 470 (5,581%) 618 (9,361%) 62 (1,516%)
Croats 454 (5,391%) 427 (6,468%) 406 (9,929%)
Others 103 (1,223%) 19 (0,288%) 18 (0,440%)
Montenegrins 30 (0,454%) 21 (0,514%)
Albanians 11 (0,167%) 6 (0,147%)
Macedonians 6 (0,091%) 1 (0,024%)


Ethnic composition – Mrkonjić Grad municipality
2013.[8] 1991.[7] 1981.[6] 1971.[5]
Total 16,671 (100,0%) 27,395 (100,0%) 29,684 (100,0%) 30,159 (100,0%)
Serbs 16,050 (96,27%) 21,057 (76,86%) 23,364 (78,71%) 24,990 (82,86%)
Bosniaks 375 (2,249%) 3,272 (11,94%) 3,009 (10,14%) 2,734 (9,065%)
Croats 159 (0,954%) 2,139 (7,808%) 2,290 (7,715%) 2,204 (7,308%)
Others 87 (0,522%) 334 (1,219%) 67 (0,226%) 82 (0,272%)
Yugoslavs 593 (2,165%) 883 (2,975%) 98 (0,325%)
Montenegrins 47 (0,158%) 38 (0,126%)
Albanians 15 (0,051%) 11 (0,036%)
Macedonians 8 (0,027%) 1 (0,003%)
Slovenes 1 (0,003%) 1 (0,003%)

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[9]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 196
Mining and quarrying 22
Manufacturing 814
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 235
Distribution of water and water waste management 52
Construction 499
Wholesale and retail, repair 490
Transportation and storage 171
Hotels and restaurants 145
Information and communication 25
Finance and insurance 35
Real estate activities 1
Professional, scientific and technical activities 74
Administrative and support services 3
Public administration and defence 243
Education 328
Healthcare and social work 122
Art, entertainment and recreation 15
Other service activities 47
Total 3,517

TourismEdit

The Balkana Lake lies near the town and presents a small, but beautiful tourist resort including the nearby Skakavac Waterfall.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2004 Nacelnici" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 21, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  2. ^ "AFSOUTH Fact sheets". AF South Nato. 2011-03-07. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  3. ^ "Dayton Accords - international agreement". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  4. ^ "Serbs unearth 181 bodies in mass grave". Independent. 6 April 1996. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b c 1971 Census
  6. ^ a b c 1981 Census
  7. ^ a b c 1991 Census
  8. ^ a b c 2013 Census
  9. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

External linksEdit