Kotor Varoš

Kotor Varoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Котор Варош or Котор-Варош) is a town and municipality located in north-western Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013 census, it has a population of 19,710 inhabitants, while the town of Kotor Varoš has a population of 7,330 inhabitants.

Kotor Varoš

Котор Варош
Kotor Varoš
Kotor Varoš
Coat of arms of Kotor Varoš
Coat of arms
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska
Location of Kotor Varoš
Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Government
 • MayorZdenko Sakan (Savez za promjene) [1]
 • Municipality544.26 km2 (210.14 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
8,360
 • Municipality
19,710
 • Municipality density36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)51
Liplje monastery

HistoryEdit

An early Roman (3rd–5th c.) basilica was discovered along with other Roman findings in the Šiprage area at the Crkvenica-Vrbanja river mouth. 12th-century stećci testify medieval settlement.[2][3] The original location of stećci was the Crkvenica-Vrbanja, from where they were removed and built into walls of the surrounding buildings (possibly due to the beliefs of their miraculous properties).[2] One of the best preserved stećak is submerged in Vrbanja.

It has been theorized that Kotor Varoš was mentioned in the De Administrando Imperio as "Katera" (Greek: Κατερα),[4][5] a part of the "land of Bosnia".[6]

The town was part of the Donji Kraji province of the Banate of Bosnia in the 13th century. In the 14th century, the town was the property of the Hrvatinić noble family.

Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina began in 1878 and ended with the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, later renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The town was part of the Vrbas Banovina (1929–41), while after World War II it became part of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia.

SettlementsEdit

Aside from the town of Kotor Varoš, the municipality includes the following settlements:

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Population of settlemets – Kotor Varoš municipality
Settlement 1895. 1910. 1921. 1931. 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 20,858 23,780 22,072 27,236 22,198 37,898 32,516 32,832 35,713 36,653 19,710
1 Borci Donji 419 255
2 Garići 1,341 498
3 Grabovica 887 345
4 Hrvaćani 745 248
5 Kotor Varoš 312 1,361 1,428 1,400 2,428 4,715 2,893 3,746 5,423 7,411 7,330
6 Liplje 744 271
7 Maljeva 595 200
8 Maslovare 2,284 1,930
9 Obodnik 842 650
10 Prisočka 1,423 208
11 Radohova 700 236
12 Šibovi 671 230
13 Šiprage 952 652
14 Večići 1,744 608
15 Vrbanjci 2,975 1,902
16 Zabrđe 1,154 482

Ethnic compositionEdit

Ethnic composition – Kotor Varoš town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 7,330 7,411 5,423 3,746
Serbs 6,251 (82.2%) 2,522 (34%) 1,310 (24.2%) 749 (20%)
Bosniaks 920 (12.1%) 1,800 (24.3%) 1,436 (26.5%) 1,342 (35.8%)
Croats 252 (3.3%) 2,432 (32.8%) 1,789 (33%) 1,490 (40%)
Others 180 (2.4%) 110 (1.5%) 66 (1.2%) 8 (0.2%)
Yugoslavs 547 (7.4%) 787 (14.5%) 110 (3%)
Others 35 (0.6%) 47 (1.2%)
Ethnic composition – Kotor Varoš municipality[7][8]
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 19,710 36,853 35,713 32,832
Serbs 13,091 (66.4%) 14,056 (38.1%) 14,771 (41.4%) 15,255 (46.5%)
Bosniaks 5,241 (26.6%) 11,090 (30%) 9,667 (27%) 8,366 (25.5%)
Croats 1,116 (5.6%) 10,695 (29%) 9,572 (26.8%) 8,863 (27%)
Others 262 (1.3%) 267 (0.7%) 349 (1%) 79 (0.2%)
Yugoslavs 745 (2%) 1,298 (3%) 176 (0.5%)
Others 56 (0.2%) 93 (0.3%)

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[9]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 300
Mining and quarrying 2
Manufacturing 2,998
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 45
Distribution of water and water waste management 43
Construction 84
Wholesale and retail, repair 342
Transportation and storage 126
Hotels and restaurants 112
Information and communication 24
Finance and insurance 25
Real estate activities 5
Professional, scientific and technical activities 27
Administrative and support services 91
Public administration and defence 193
Education 316
Healthcare and social work 115
Art, entertainment and recreation 7
Other service activities 55
Total 4,910

Famous peopleEdit

FeaturesEdit

The city also features a large monument to the local partisans who died for Yugoslavia during the fighting with the German and Ustaša forces during WW2.

Sister citiesEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://opstinakotorvaros.com/%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA-%D0%BE%D0%BF%D1%88%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5/%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA-%D0%BE%D0%BF%D1%88%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5-2/
  2. ^ a b Radimsky V. (1892): Ostanci rimskih naseobina u Šipragi i Podbrgju, za tim starobosanski stećci u Šipragi i uz Vrbanju u Bosni. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina IV, Knjiga I: 75–80.
  3. ^ Richter E. (1905): II. Historička i politička geografija. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina XVI, Knjiga 1: 275–321.
  4. ^ Марко Атлагић; Branislav Milutinović (2002). Извори за историју Срба до XV века. Филозофски факултет. Шафарик претпоставл>а да је Катера Которско име у Босни, док С. Новаковић се колеба између два решен>а: Котор у Сарајевскод области или Котор на Врбан>и-притоци Врбаса. М. Прелог тражи Котор на југоисточнод ивици ...
  5. ^ Zarij M. Bešić (1967). Istorija Crne Gore: od najstarijih vremena do kraja XII vijeka. Pedakt︠s︡ija za istoriju t︠s︡rne gore. У нащубл>ем неточном краку унутрапньег залива Боке Ко- торске подигнут je град Котор,58 уюпцештен измену ... та Дехатера, за разлику од Котора (Катера) у Босни. Барски родослов има све облике имена Котор: Decatarum, ...
  6. ^ Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (1993) [1967]. De Administrando Imperio (Moravcsik, Gyula ed.). Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. pp. 153–155.
  7. ^ Book: "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva – Rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.", Statistički bilten No 234, Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo.
  8. ^ Internet – Source: "Popis po mjesnim zajednicama" – "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2018.

SourcesEdit

  • Vojnogeografski institut, Izd. (1955): Prnjavor (List karte 1:100.000, Izohipse na 20 m). Vojnogeografski institut, Beograd.
  • Spahić M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdavačko preduzeće "Sejtarija", Sarajevo.
  • Mučibabić B., Ur. (1998): Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Geodetski zavod BiH, Sarajevo.