Kirklington, North Yorkshire

Kirklington is a village in the English county of North Yorkshire close to the A1(M) motorway. Kirklington forms the major part of the civil parish of Kirklington-cum-Upsland which is in the district of Hambleton.

Kirklington
Kirklington Village - geograph.org.uk - 1319553.jpg
Kirklington Village
Kirklington is located in North Yorkshire
Kirklington
Kirklington
Location within North Yorkshire
Population220 
OS grid referenceSE319810
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDARLINGTON
Postcode districtDL8 2
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°13′27″N 1°30′44″W / 54.2241°N 1.5121°W / 54.2241; -1.5121Coordinates: 54°13′27″N 1°30′44″W / 54.2241°N 1.5121°W / 54.2241; -1.5121

The population of the parish in the 2001 UK Census was 277,[1] 315 in the 2011 census[2] and estimated to be 220 in 2014.[3]

GovernanceEdit

The village lies within the Richmond (Yorks) UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Bedale electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Tanfield ward of Hambleton District Council.[4]

HistoryEdit

There is some evidence of Roman occupation around the village, in the form of a white-ware burial at the Lady well, a stretch of Healam Beck, behind the Hall. Also close to the village on the A1(M), at Healam Bridge lie buried the remains of a Roman Dere Street fort, almost entirely ploughed away. Just beyond the village to the north lies 'Camp Hill', the remains of an Iron Age camp.

Kirklington is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Cherdinton alongside Yarnwick, a lost village whose remains lie to the north of the village, between the Hall and Camp Hill prehistoric sites.[5] The principal landowner at the time was Count Alan of Brittany.[6] At the time of the Norman invasion the Lord of the Manor was Rosskell, but the title was granted by the Crown to Robert of Moutiers.[7] The Anglicised form of Moutiers was Musters and this family held the manor until the mid 14th century, when is passed via marriage into the Wandesforde family. The line of succession was not a complete one thereafter, but the name was continued by those marrying into the family who adopted the Wandesford surname. Among the notable people to hold the title were Christopher Wandesford, successively MP for Aldborough, Richmond and Thirsk and briefly Lord Deputy of Ireland. In 1662 , his son, another Christopher Wandesford was created a baronet and his son, yet another Christopher, was created Viscount Castlecomer in 1707. John Wandesford, 5th Viscount Castlecomer was created Earl Wandesford in 1758, but the title ended with him as he had no male issue.[8][9]

 
The Hall, Kirklington

The Hall, which stands in Whinwath Lane on the northern edge of the village, was built c. 1570 for Sir Christopher Wandesford, with alterations in the early 18th and 19th centuries. It is a Grade II* listed building.[10]

There was a school house, now converted to housing, that served the village until the 1970s.[11]

A neolithic burial mound known variously as 'Stapler's Mound' or 'Stapley Mound' lies between the village and the A1(M) motorway. Many of the village's houses are still owned by the estate.[9][12]

There are three known ghost stories about the village, one in the pub, one in the Hall and one around Stapley Lane.

ParishEdit

 
The church of St Michael from the churchyard

Kirklington was a large ancient parish, with an area of 4,164 acres (1,685 ha). Until the 19th century it included the townships of Kirklington with Upsland, Howgrave, Sutton Howgrave and East Tanfield, all of which became separate civil parishes in 1866.[13]

The ecclesiastical parish of Kirklington has now been united with other nearby parishes to form the united parish of Kirklington, Burneston, Wath and Pickhill.[14]

The parish church in the village is dedicated to St Michael. It was built in the 13th century with subsequent restorations and contains banners and armour of the Wandesford family who still own the Hall. It is a Grade I listed Building.[8][15]

AmenitiesEdit

The public house in the village is the Black Horse. On the edge of the village is a cricket pitch used by the village team.[16]

GeographyEdit

The nearest settlements are Carthorpe 1.8 miles (2.9 km) to the north; Sinderby 1.6 miles (2.6 km) to the east; Sutton Howgrave 1.3 miles (2.1 km) to the south and Thornborough, North Yorkshire 1.7 miles (2.7 km) to the south-west. Healam Beck flows northwards past the west side of the village as a tributary of the River Swale.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Kirklington-cum-Upsland/Howgrave/Sutton with Howgrave Parish (36UC087)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  2. ^ The 2011 census population figure of 315 also includes the parishes of Howgrave and Sutton with Howgrave.
    UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Kirklington-cum-Upsland Parish (1170216876)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". North Yorkshire County Council. 2014. Archived from the original on 13 January 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  5. ^ "Parishes: Kirklington | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  6. ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Kirklington | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  7. ^ Kirklington in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  8. ^ a b Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 743, 744. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
  9. ^ a b "History". Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  10. ^ Historic England. "The Hall (1315187)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
  11. ^ "School closure". Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Round barrow 250m north east of Comer Lodge (1016265)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  13. ^ Page, William, ed. (1914). "Parishes: Kirklington". Victoria County History: A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  14. ^ Parish website
  15. ^ "Church Listing". Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  16. ^ "Hear all sides". The Northern Echo. 20 October 2003. ProQuest 329053026.
  17. ^ "New Lord-Lieutenant of North Yorkshire appointed". Gazette & Herald. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kirklington, North Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons