Kimch'aek (Korean pronunciation: [kim.tsʰɛk̚]), formerly Sŏngjin (Chosŏn'gŭl: 성진, Hancha: 城津), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. It was an open port in 1899.[1] It has a population of 207,699.

Kimchaek

김책시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerKimch'aek si
 • Revised RomanizationGimchaek-si
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Kimchaek
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Kimchaek
Kimchaek is located in North Korea
Kimchaek
Kimchaek
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 40°40′2″N 129°12′2″E / 40.66722°N 129.20056°E / 40.66722; 129.20056Coordinates: 40°40′2″N 129°12′2″E / 40.66722°N 129.20056°E / 40.66722; 129.20056
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceNorth Hamgyong
Administrative divisions22 tong, 22 ri
Population
 (2008)
 • Total207,699
 • Dialect
Hamgyŏng
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

EtymologyEdit

The city received its current name in 1951 during the Korean War, in honor of the Korean People's Army (KPA) general, Kim Chaek.[1] It was known as "Shirotsu" during Japanese rule between 1910 and 1945.

ClimateEdit

Kimchaek has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).[2]

Climate data for Kimchaek
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
16.7
(62.1)
27.8
(82.0)
35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
34.3
(93.7)
37.0
(98.6)
36.6
(97.9)
32.9
(91.2)
30.2
(86.4)
23.7
(74.7)
17.8
(64.0)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.0
(33.8)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
16.3
(61.3)
19.6
(67.3)
23.9
(75.0)
25.9
(78.6)
22.7
(72.9)
17.2
(63.0)
9.2
(48.6)
2.3
(36.1)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.9
(33.6)
7.0
(44.6)
11.8
(53.2)
15.5
(59.9)
20.1
(68.2)
22.1
(71.8)
17.8
(64.0)
11.8
(53.2)
4.6
(40.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
8.4
(47.1)
Average low °C (°F) −10.4
(13.3)
−8.7
(16.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.6
(36.7)
7.4
(45.3)
12.4
(54.3)
17.5
(63.5)
19.2
(66.6)
13.7
(56.7)
7.1
(44.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
4.2
(39.6)
Record low °C (°F) −26.0
(−14.8)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.0
(33.8)
9.0
(48.2)
10.6
(51.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−16.6
(2.1)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−26.0
(−14.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.4
(0.76)
16.8
(0.66)
23.8
(0.94)
37.4
(1.47)
51.5
(2.03)
72.5
(2.85)
120.2
(4.73)
166.6
(6.56)
83.6
(3.29)
42.1
(1.66)
34.0
(1.34)
29.7
(1.17)
697.6
(27.46)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 3 3 4 7 7 8 9 6 4 5 5 65
Average relative humidity (%) 63 64 65 70 78 86 88 85 77 70 64 60 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173 197 231 225 222 141 141 173 207 218 172 161 2,261
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[3][4][a]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (extremes, 1906–present)[5]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Kimch'aek-si is divided into 22 tong (neighbourhoods) and 22 ri (villages):

  • Changhyŏn-dong
  • Chegang 1-dong
  • Chegang 2-dong
  • Chegang 3-dong
  • Ch'ŏnghak-tong
  • Haean-dong
  • Haksŏng-dong
  • Hanch'ŏn-dong
  • Kŭmch'ŏn-dong
  • Ŏb'ŏk-tong
  • Ryŏnho-dong
  • Sinp'yŏng-dong
  • Sŏngnam-dong
  • Songryŏng 1-dong
  • Songryŏng 2-dong
  • Song'am-dong
  • Ssangryong-dong
  • Suwŏn-dong
  • Taedong 1-dong
  • Taedong 2-dong
  • T'anso-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Ch'undong-ri
  • Haktong-ri
  • Hodong-ri
  • Hŭngp'yŏng-ri
  • Manch'ul-li
  • Okch'ŏl-li
  • Panghang-ri
  • P'ungnyŏl-li
  • Rimmyŏng-ri
  • Ryongho-ri
  • Sangp'yŏng-ri
  • Sech'ŏl-li
  • Sŏkho-ri
  • Songhŭng-ri
  • Songjung-ri
  • Sŏngsang-ri
  • Sudong-ri
  • Tŏg'il-li
  • Tonghŭng-ri
  • T'apha-ri
  • Ŭnho-ri
  • Wŏnp'yŏng-ri

EconomyEdit

Kimchaek is an important port on the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea), and is home to an ironworks and the Kimch’aek Polytechnic Institute.[1]

TransportEdit

Kimchaek is on the Pyongra Line railway.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Station ID for Kimchaek is 47025 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Kimch'aek". Encyclopaeida Britannica’. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Kimchaek climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Kimchaek weather averages". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Klimatafel von Kimchaek / Korea (Nordkorea)" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Station 47025 Kimchaek". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Station Songjin (Kimchaek)" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 6 November 2016.

Further readingEdit

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External linksEdit