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The P'yŏngra Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from P'yŏngyang to Rajin, where it connects with the Hambuk Line.[1] It is North Korea's main northeast-southwest rail line.

P'yŏngra Line
Overview
Native name평라선(平羅線)
TypeHeavy rail, Passenger/Freight
Inter-city rail, Regional rail
LocaleP'yŏngyang
South Pyŏngan
South Hamgyŏng
North Hamgyŏng
Rasŏn
TerminiP'yŏngyang
Rajin
Stations135
Operation
OpenedStages between 1916-1965
OwnerKorean State Railway
Technical
Line length819 km
Number of tracksSingle track
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification3000 V DC Overhead line
Route map

DPRK-Pyongra Line.png

-19.1
P'yŏngyang
(bridge appx 185 m (607 ft))
-14.4
West P'yŏngyang
-8.0
Sŏp'o
San'um
0.0
Kalli
8.2
Chung'i
15.3
Tongbungri
20.5
Paesanjŏm
25.0
P'yŏngsŏng
31.3
Ponghak
39.0
Chasan
State Security-only station
47.3
Sunch'ŏn
50.8
Sillyŏnp'o
56.8
Ŭnsan
61.4
Suyang
67.0
Sinch'ang
75.5
Sudŏk
83.7
Sinsŏngch'ŏn
91.8
Kŏhŭng
96.5
Changrim
104.5
Sinyang
108.9
Inp'yŏng
115.9
Chisu
123.9
Yangdŏk
131.7
Naedong
137.3
Sŏkt'ang Onch'ŏn
145.8
Kŏch'a
151.8
Ch'ŏn'ŭl
158.1
Un'gok
163.3
Yodŏk
169.3
T'oryŏng
174.6
Munp'il
182.6
Sŏngnae
186.3
Tunjŏn
188.2
P'alhŭng
192.9
Ch'ukchŏn
198.0
Midun
201.3
Panghwa
205.9
Puraesan
212.6
Kowŏn
217.6
Hyŏnhŭng
225.0
Kŭmya
233.4
Inhŭng
240.7
Pŏmp'o
248.3
Wangjang
252.7
Munbong
257.6
Sinsang
264.4
Pup'yŏng
274.1
Chŏngp'yŏng
282.3
Hamju
288.2
Chusŏ
294.5
Hamhŭng
298.4
Hamhŭng Choch'ajang
303.3
Ch'anghŭng
309.9
Hŭngnam
312.5
Sŏho
321.9
Sinjung
(Guest House No. 72)
326.7
Ryŏho
330.9
Ragwŏn
336.2
Sep'ori
344.0
Samho
352.1
Ryong'un
357.1
Hongwŏn
363.1
Kyŏngp'o
370.5
Unp'o
376.4
P'ung'ŏ
378.7
Ryuktaedong
382.9
Sinp'o
388.9
Yanghwa
396.0
Kangsangri
403.0
Sokhu
407.8
Yangji
411.9
Sinbukch'ŏng
417.3
Kyŏngan
425.5
Kŏsan
430.6
Kŏnja
434.4
Rahŭng
437.7
Chŭngsan
444.5
Yŏmbun
447.9
Songdan
451.6
Riwŏn
457.0
Ssangam
462.0
Kokku
466.9
Kiam
472.8
Sindanch'ŏn
478.4
Omongri
483.1
Tanch'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn
488.0
Munam
491.7
Yŏhaejin
498.9
Ryongdae
505.7
Ilsin
513.4
Manch'un
519.1
Ssangryong
525.5
Kimch'aek
531.8
Changp'yŏng
534.5
Haksŏng
538.9
Songsang
546.3
Ŏbŏk
552.2
Wŏnp'yŏng
562.2
Rodong
567.8
Kilju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
575.3
Kŭmsong
579.4
Onsup'yŏng
585.0
Myŏngch'ŏn
594.2
Naep'o
598.7
Ryongban
602.7
Sangryongban
607.2
Ryongdong
612.0
Samhyang
615.3
Kŭktong
621.8
Chomaksan
632.6
Ponggang
641.4
Ŏdaejin
650.7
Ŏrang
660.3
Ryonghyŏn
667.5
Kyŏngsŏng
672.1
Saenggiryŏng
680.2
Sŭngam
688.5
Ranam
694.4
Namgangdŏk
Ch'ŏngjin Thermal Power Plant
696.5
Songp'yŏng
Ch'ŏngjin West Port
701.6
Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn
704.7
Panjuk
712.6
Kŭmbawi
718.7
Sŭngwŏn
725.2
Ryŏnjin
734.7
Sagu
738.6
Pugŏ
748.2
Samhae
754.2
Kwanghae
761.6
Raksan
767.2
Pangjin
771.2
Huch'ang
776.0
Myŏngho
782.8
Rajin
Pyongra Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationPyeongna-seon
McCune–ReischauerP'yŏngra-sŏn

Contents

HistoryEdit

P'yŏngwon LineEdit

Hamgyŏng LineEdit

The 12.4 km (7.7 mi) section from Kowŏn to Kŭmya was originally opened by the Chosen Government Railway (Sentetsu) on 21 July 1916 as part of its Hamgyŏng Line.

Ch'ŏngra LineEdit

The Ch'ŏngra Line was the name of a line planned by Sentetsu to run from Ch'ŏngjin to Rajin. On 1 February 1945 the Ch'ongjin−Ch'ongam section was opened,[2] however due to the defeat of Japan in the Pacific War, Sentetsu was unable to complete the remainder of the line. After the end of the Korean War, construction of the line was resumed with the support of People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union, being completed on 10 June 1965.

Later, the P'yŏngwon Line, the Ch'ŏngra Line, and the Kowŏn−Ch'ŏngjin section of the Hamgyŏng Line were merged to create the P'yŏngra Line. With the construction of a new section between Kalli and Paesanjŏm the Ryongsŏng Line was separated from the former P'yŏngwon Line; in 1993 construction of the bypass between Puraesan and Kowŏn was completed.[3]

ServicesEdit

The following passenger trains were scheduled on this line in the 2002 passenger timetable:[4]


  • Express trains 1/2, operating between P'yŏngyang and Hyesan Ch'ŏngnyŏn, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Kilju;
  • Express trains 3/4, operating between West P'yŏngyang and Hyesan Ch'ŏngnyŏn, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Kilju;
  • Express trains 7/8, operating between P'yŏngyang and Tumangang and Moscow, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Rajin;
  • Express trains 9/10, operating between P'yŏngyang and Musan, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngjin;
  • Express trains 11/12, operating between P'yŏngyang and Kŭmgol, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Yŏhaejin;
  • Express trains 13/14, operating between P'yŏngyang and P'yŏnggang, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Kowŏn;
  • Semi-express trains 104-107/108-111, operating between Haeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Sunch'ŏn;
  • Semi-express trains 113/114, operating between West P'yŏngyang and Unsŏng, run on this line between West P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngjin;
  • Semi-express trains 117/118, operating between Taedonggang and P'yŏnggang, run on this line between Sinsŏngch'ŏn and Kowŏn;
  • Semi-express trains 119-122/120-121, operating between Sinch'ŏn and Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn, via the P'yŏngra Line and the Ŭnnyul Line, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngjin and taking three days to travel each way;[5]
  • Semi-express trains 124-125/126-127, operating between Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn, run on this line between P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngjin;
  • Semi-express trains 128-129-130/131-132-133, operating between Kalma and Rajin, run on this line between Kowŏn and Rajin;
  • Semi-express trains 134-135/136-137, operating between Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Hamhŭng, run on this line between Sunch'ŏn and Hamhŭng;
  • Regional trains 202-203-204/205-206-207, operating between Hamhŭng and Sariwŏn, run on this line between Hamhŭng and P'yŏngyang;
  • Regional trains 261/262, operating between Hamhŭng and Samgi, run on this line between Ham and Sinbukch'ŏn;
  • Regional trains 263/264 operate between Hamhŭng and Tanch'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn;
  • Local trains 311/312 and 313/314 operate between P'yŏngyang and Paesanjŏm - these trains, intended for commuter use by scientists, are operated with the Juche-class EMU;[1]
  • Local trains 331/332 operate between Sunch'ŏn and Ŭnsan;
  • Local trains 335/336 operate between Sunch'ŏn and Ch'ŏnsŏng on the Ch'ŏnsŏng Colliery Line via Sinch'ang;
  • Local trains 551/556, operating between Kokku and Tongdae, run on this line between Kokku and Tanch'ŏn;
  • Local trains 601/604, operating between Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Kŭndong, run on this line between Ch'ŏngjin and Namgangdŏk;
  • Local trains 602/615 operate between Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Ranam;
  • Local trains 603/603-621 operate between Ranam and Sŏngp'yŏng;
  • Local trains 608/608-609, operating between Kŭndong and Sŏngp'yŏng, run on this line between Namgangdŏk and Sŏngp'yŏng.

RouteEdit

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance (km)
Present Original Station Name Former Name
Total S2S Total S2S Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Connections
(former)
-19.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 P'yŏngyang 평양 (平壌) P'yŏngbu Line, P'yŏngnam Line,
P'yŏngdŏk Line, P'yŏngŭi Line
Metro Ch'ŏllima Line Yŏnggwang Stn
Tram Line 1
-14.4 4.7 4.7 4.7 Sŏp'yŏngyang
(West P'yŏngyang)
서평양 (西平壌) P'yŏngŭi Line
Tram Line 3
-8.0 6.4 11.1 6.4 Sŏp'o 서포 (西浦) P'yŏngŭi Line, Ryongsŏng Line
Metro Ch'ŏllima Line Sŏp'o Stn (planned)
-- -- 17.1 6.0 Ryongsŏng 룡성 (龍城) Yongsŏng 용성 (龍城) Now part of Ryongsŏng Line
0.0 8.0 -- -- Kalli 간리 (間里) P'yŏngŭi Line, Sijŏng Line
8.2 8.2 -- -- Chung'i 중이 (中二)
-- -- 24.2 7.1 Saedong 새동 (-) Maram 마람 (馬嵐) Now part of Ryongsŏng Line
15.3 7.1 26.4 2.2 Tongbungri 동북리 (東北里) Ryongsŏng Line
20.5 5.2 31.6 5.2 Paesanjŏm 배산점 (裵山店)
25.0 4.5 36.1 4.5 P'yŏngsŏng 평성 (平城) Sainjang 사인장 (舎人場)
31.3 6.3 42.4 6.3 Ponghak 봉학 (鳳鶴) Ponghak Line
39.0 7.7 50.1 7.7 Chasan 자산 (慈山)
47.3 8.3 58.4 8.3 Sunch'ŏn 순천 (順川) Manp'o Line
50.8 3.5 61.9 3.5 Sillyŏnp'o 신련포 (新蓮浦) Pongha 봉하 (鳳下) Taegŏn Line
56.8 6.0 67.9 6.0 Ŭnsan 은산 (殷山) Changsŏn'gang Line,
Ŭnsan Line
61.4 4.6 72.5 4.6 Suyang 수양 (首陽)
67.0 5.6 78.1 5.6 Sinch'ang 신창 (新倉) Ch'ŏnsŏng Colliery Line
75.5 8.5 86.6 8.5 Sudŏk 수덕 (修徳)
83.7 8.2 94.8 8.2 Sinsŏngch'ŏn 신성천 (新成川) P'yŏngdŏk Line
91.8 8.1 102.9 8.1 Kŏhŭng 거흥 (巨興)
96.5 4.7 107.6 4.7 Changrim 장림 (長林)
104.5 8.0 115.6 8.0 Sinyang 신양 (新陽) Tongwŏn 동원 (東元)
108.9 4.4 120.0 4.4 Inp'yŏng 인평 (仁平)
115.9 7.0 127.0 7.0 Chisu 지수 (智水)
123.9 8.0 135.0 8.0 Yangdŏk 양덕 (陽徳)
131.7 7.8 142.8 7.8 Naedong 내동 (内洞)
137.3 5.6 148.4 5.6 Sŏkt'ang Onch'ŏn 석탕온천
(石湯温泉)
145.8 8.5 156.9 8.5 Kŏch'a 거차 (巨次)
151.8 6.0 162.9 6.0 Ch'ŏn'ŭl 천을 (天乙)
158.1 6.3 169.2 6.3 Un'gok 운곡 (雲谷)
163.3 5.2 174.4 5.2 Yodŏk 요덕 (耀徳) Kwanp'yŏng 관평 (館坪)
169.3 6.0 180.4 6.0 T'oryŏng 토령 (土嶺)
174.6 5.3 185.7 5.3 Munp'il 문필 (-) Ch'ŏnsŏng 천성 (泉城)
182.6 8.0 193.7 8.0 Sŏngnae 성내 (城内)
186.3 3.7 197.4 3.7 Tunjŏn 둔전 (屯田) Kowŏn Colliery Line
188.2 1.9 199.3 1.9 P'alhŭng 팔흥 (八興) Inhŭng 인흥 (仁興)
192.9 4.7 204.0 4.7 Ch'ukchŏn 축전 (杻田)
198.0 5.1 209.1 5.1 Midun 미둔 (弥屯)
201.3 3.3 212.4 3.3 Panghwa 방화 (-)
205.9 4.6 217.0 4.6 Puraesan 부래산 (浮来山)
212.6 6.7 223.7
42.0
6.7
42.0
Kowŏn 고원 (高原) Kangwŏn Line
Former division point between
P'yŏngwŏn Line and Hamgyŏng Line.
Original distsance from Wŏnsan.
217.6 5.0 47.0 5.0 Hyŏnhŭng 현흥 (玄興)
225.0 7.4 54.4 7.4 Kŭmya 금야 (金野) Yŏnghŭng 영흥 (永興) Kŭmya Line
233.4 8.4 62.8 8.4 Inhŭng 인흥 (仁興) Majang 마장 (馬場)
240.7 7.3 70.1 7.3 Pŏmp'o 범포 (范浦)
248.3 7.6 77.7 7.6 Wangjang 왕장 (旺場)
252.7 4.4 82.5 4.8 Munbong 문봉 (文峰)
257.6 4.9 87.0 6.5 Sinsang 신상 (新上)
264.4 6.8 93.8 6.8 Pup'yŏng 부평 (富坪)
274.1 9.7 103.5 9.7 Chŏngp'yŏng 정평 (定平)
282.3 8.2 111.7 8.2 Hamju 함주 (咸州) Hamnam Hŭngsang 함남흥상
(咸南興上)
288.2 5.9 Chusŏ 주서 (州西)
294.5 6.3 123.9 12.2 Hamhŭng 함흥 (咸興) Sinhŭng Line,
Sŏho Line
298.4 3.9 Hamhŭng Choch'ajang
(Hamhŭng Marshalling Yard)
함흥조차장
(咸興操車場)
Pinallon Line
303.3 4.9 132.7 8.8 Ch'anghŭng 창흥 (昌興) Pon'gung 본궁 (本宮) Ch'anghŭng Line
309.9 6.6 139.3 6.6 Hŭngnam 흥남 (興南) Pinallon Line, Sŏho Line
312.5 2.6 141.9 2.6 Sŏho 서호 (西湖) Sŏhojin 서호진 (西湖津) Sŏho Line
317.0 4.5 146.4 4.5 Majŏn 마전 (麻田)
321.9 4.9 Sinjung 신중 (新中)
326.7 4.8 156.1 9.7 Ryŏho 려호 (呂湖) Yŏho 여호 (呂湖)
330.9 4.2 160.3 4.2 Ragwŏn 락원 (楽園) T'oejo 퇴조 (退潮)
336.2 5.3 165.6 5.3 Sep'ori 세포리 (細浦里)
344.0 7.8 173.4 7.8 Samho 삼호 (三湖)
352.1 8.1 181.5 8.1 Ryong'un 룡운 (龍雲) Yong'un 용운 (龍雲)
357.1 5.0 186.5 5.0 Hongwŏn 홍원 (洪原) Chŏnjin 전진 (前津)
363.1 6.0 192.5 6.0 Kyŏngp'o 경포 (景浦)
370.5 7.4 199.9 7.4 Unp'o 운포 (雲浦)
203.5 3.6 Chungho 중호 (中湖) Closed
376.4 5.9 205.8 2.3 P'ung'ŏ 풍어 (豊漁) Yŏngmu 영무 (霊武)
378.7 2.3 Ryuktaedong 륙대동 (六坮洞)
382.9 4.2 212.3 6.5 Sinp'o 신포 (新浦)
388.9 6.0 218.3 6.0 Yanghwa 양화 (陽化)
396.0 7.1 225.4 7.1 Kangsangri 강상리 (江上里)
403.0 7.0 232.4 7.0 Sokhu 속후 (俗厚)
407.8 4.8 Yangji 양지 (-)
411.9 4.1 241.3 8.9 Sinbukch'ŏng 신북청 (新北青) Tŏksŏng Line
417.3 5.4 246.7 5.4 Kyŏngan 경안 (景安) Sinch'ang 신창 (新昌)
425.5 8.2 254.9 8.2 Kŏsan 거산 (居山)
430.6 5.1 260.0 5.1 Kŏnja 건자 (乾自)
434.4 3.8 263.8 3.8 Rahŭng 라흥 (羅興) Nahŭng 나흥 (羅興) Riwŏn Line
437.7 3.3 267.1 3.3 Chŭngsan 증산 (曽山) Riwŏn Line
444.5 6.8 273.9 6.8 Yŏmbun 염분 (塩盆)
447.9 3.4 277.3 3.4 Songdan 송단 (松端) Iwŏn 이원 (利原)
451.6 3.7 281.0 3.7 Riwŏn 리원 (利原) Kunsŏn 군선 (群仙)
457.0 5.4 286.4 5.4 Ssangam 쌍암 (双岩)
462.0 5.0 291.4 5.0 Kokku 곡구 (谷口)
466.9 4.9 296.3 4.9 Kiam 기암 (奇岩)
472.8 5.9 302.2 5.9 Sindanch'ŏn 신단천 (新端川) Yonggang 용강 (龍崗)
478.4 5.6 307.8 5.6 Omongri 오몽리 (吾夢里) Tuŏn Line
483.1 4.7 312.5 4.7 Tanch'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn 단천청년
(端川青年)
Tanch'ŏn 단천 (端川) Hŏch'ŏn Line
488.0 4.9 Munam 문암 (門岩)
491.7 3.7 321.1 8.6 Yŏhaejin 여해진 (汝海津) Tuŏn Line, Kŭmgol Line
498.9 7.2 328.3 7.2 Ryongdae 룡대 (龍台) Yongdae 용대 (龍臺)
505.7 6.8 335.1 6.8 Ilsin 일신 (日新)
513.4 7.7 342.8 7.7 Manch'un 만춘 (晩春)
519.1 5.7 348.5 5.7 Ssangryong 쌍룡 (双龍)
525.5 6.4 354.9 6.4 Kimch'aek 김책 (金策) Sŏngjin 성진 (城津)
531.8 6.3 361.2 6.3 Changp'yŏng 장평 (長坪) Sinsŏngjin 신성진 (新城津)
534.5 2.7 363.9 2.7 Haksŏng 학성 (鶴城) Nongsŏng 농성 (農城)
538.9 4.4 368.3 4.4 Songsang 송상 (松上) Hakchung 학중 (鶴中)
546.3 7.4 375.7 7.4 Ŏbŏk 업억 (業億)
552.2 5.9 381.6 5.9 Wŏnp'yŏng 원평 (院坪)
562.2 10.0 389.6 8.0 Rodong 로동 (芦洞) Nodong 노동 (芦洞) Ilt'an Line
Station relocated.
567.8 5.6 397.2 7.6 Kilju Ch'ŏngnyŏn 길주청년
(吉州青年)
Kilju 길주 (吉州) Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line
575.3 7.5 404.8 7.6 Kŭmsong 금송 (金松)
579.4 4.1 408.8 4.0 Onsup'yŏng 온수평 (温水坪)
585.5 6.1 414.9 6.1 Myŏngch'ŏn 명천 (明川) Koch'am 고참 (古站) Koch'am Colliery Line
594.2 8.7 423.6 8.7 Naep'o 내포 (内浦)
598.7 4.5 428.1 4.5 Ryongban 룡반 (龍蟠) Myŏngch'ŏn 명천 (明川)
602.7 4.0 432.1 4.0 Sangryongban 상룡반 (上龍蟠) Sangryongjŏn 상룡전 (上龍田)
607.2 4.5 436.6 4.5 Ryongdong 룡동 (龍洞) Yongdong 용동 (龍洞)
612.0 4.8 441.4 4.8 Samhyang 삼향 (三郷) Yŏngan 영안 (永安)
615.3 3.3 444.7 3.3 Kŭktong 극동 (極洞)
621.8 6.5 451.2 6.5 Chomaksan 조막산 (造幕山)
632.6 10.8 462.0 10.8 Ponggang 봉강 (鳳岡)
641.4 8.8 470.8 8.8 Ŏdaejin 어대진 (漁大津)
650.7 9.3 480.1 9.3 Ŏrang 어랑 (漁郎) Hoemun 회문 (会文)
660.3 9.6 489.7 9.6 Ryonghyŏn 룡현 (龍峴) Yonghyŏn 용현 (龍峴) Taehyang Line
667.5 7.2 496.9 7.2 Kyŏngsŏng 경성 (鏡城) Chuŭl 주을 (朱乙)
672.1 4.6 501.5 4.6 Saenggiryŏng 생기령 (生気嶺)
680.2 8.1 509.6 8.1 Sŭngam 승암 (勝岩) Kyŏngsŏng 경성 (鏡城)
688.5 8.3 517.9 8.3 Ranam 라남 (羅南) Nanam 나남 (羅南)
694.4 5.9 Namgangdŏk 남강덕 (南康徳) Kangdŏk Line
696.5 2.1 525.9 8.0 Songp'yŏng 송평 (松坪) Ch'ŏngjinsŏhang
(Ch'ŏngjin West Port)
청진서항
(清津西港)
698.9 2.4 528.3 2.4 Sunam 수남 (水南) Ch'ŏngjinŏhang
(Ch'ŏngjin Fishing Port)
청진어항
(清津漁港)
701.6 2.7 531.0
0.0
2.7
0.0
Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn 청진청년
(清津青年)
Ch'ŏngjin 청진 (清津) Ch'ŏngjinhang Line
Former division point between
Hamgyŏng Line and Ch'ŏngra Line
704.7 3.1 3.1 3.1 Panjuk 반죽 (班竹) Hambuk Line
712.6 7.9 11.0 7.9 Kŭmbawi 금바위 (-) Ch'ŏngam 청암 (青岩)
718.7 6.1 17.1 6.1 Sŭngwŏn 승원 (勝院)
725.2 6.5 23.6 6.5 Ryŏnjin 련진 (連津)
734.7 9.5 33.1 9.5 Sagu 사구 (沙口)
738.6 3.9 37.0 3.9 Pugŏ 부거 (富居)
748.2 9.6 46.6 9.6 Samhae 삼해 (三海)
754.2 6.0 52.6 6.0 Kwanghae 관해 (観海)
761.6 7.4 60.0 7.4 Raksan 락산 (洛山)
767.2 5.6 65.6 5.6 Pangjin 방진 (方津)
771.2 4.0 69.6 4.0 Huch'ang 후창 (厚倉)
776.0 4.8 74.4 4.8 Myŏngho 명호 (明湖)
782.8 6.8 81.2 6.8 Rajin 라진 (羅津) Hambuk Line, Rajinhang Line

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 5394, 31 January 1945 (in Japanese)
  3. ^ 咸南 高原-浮來山간 새 철도건설, Yonhap News, 6 September 1993
  4. ^ Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), pp. 124-125 ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  5. ^ Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), p. 86 ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  • Japanese Government Railways, 鉄道停車場一覧 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, 1937, pp 496, 498~501 (Japanese)