Kerala Congress (M)

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Kerala Congress (M) is a state-level political party in the Indian state of Kerala, currently led by chairman Jose K. Mani. It was formed by K. M. Mani in 1979, after a split from the Kerala Congress. They are part of the Left Democratic Front since October 2020.[6][7]

Kerala Congress (M)
ChairpersonJose K. Mani [1]
Lok Sabha leaderThomas Chazhikadan
FounderK. M. Mani
Founded1979; 42 years ago (1979)
Split fromKerala Congress
HeadquartersState Committee Office, Near Fire Station, Kottayam, India.[2]
NewspaperPrathichaya weekly
Student wingKerala Students Congress (M)
Youth wingKerala Youth Front (M)
Women's wingKerala Vanitha Congress (M)
Labour wingKerala Trade Union Congress (M)
IdeologyWelfare of toiling class[3]
Democratic socialism[4]
ColoursWhite and Red
ECI StatusState Party[5]
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly
5 / 140
Election symbol
Indian election symbol two leaves.svg


Kerala Congress (M) was formed in 1979 after a split in Kerala Congress party.[8] After a series of splits and mergers, Kerala Congress faction of P. J. Joseph merged with Kerala Congress(M). It split again when some leaders including Francis George, Dr. K. C. Joseph, Antony Raju and P. C. Joseph resigned from Kerala Congress (M) and formed the Janadhipathya Kerala Congress in 2016. Kerala Congress (M) quit the United Democratic Front (UDF) in 2016[9] citing issues with in the UDF, and rejoined it in June 2018 after reconciliation.


After the death of Kerala Congress (M) chairman K. M. Mani, his son Jose K. Mani tried to takeover the party without a fair election. A hostile takeover happened when Jose K. Mani convened a state committee meeting to elect himself as Chairman. However the working chairman P. J. Joseph and long-term K. M. Mani's ally and senior leader C.F Thomas tried to prevent this takeover. The majority of the party was with Joseph until the Election Commission ruled in favour of Jose K Mani because they had two MLAs in the Kerala Legislative Assembly and one MP in the Lok Sabha.[8] The commission passed a majority verdict recognizing the faction led by Jose K. Mani as the Kerala Congress (M). This was challenged by P. J. Joseph in court and he was granted an interim stay order from court. The Jose faction approached the Supreme Court of India, and the court agreed with Election Commission's verdict.

Later the faction lead by P.J Joseph merged with Kerala Congress. The UDF Convenor Benny Behanan meet with Jose K Mani, and following the meeting, He announced that Jose faction was expelled from UDF as a result of a row in Kottayam district panchayat.[10][6] The Jose faction later joined LDF.

Ministers from the Kerala Congress (M) factionEdit

Minister Ministry
K. M. Mani Minister for Finance, State Treasury, Taxes & Duties, Law and Housing (May 2011-November 2015)
P. J. Joseph Minister for Water Resources, Irrigation and Inland Navigation
Thomas Unniyadan Chief Whip (June–November 2015)
Minister Ministry
K. M. Mani Minister for Law & Revenue
C. F. Thomas Minister for Rural Development
Minister Ministry
K. M. Mani Minister for Law & Revenue
Narayana Kurup Deputy Speaker

With Left Democratic Front (Kerala) (2020-Present)Edit

Kerala Congress (M) joined hands with LDF on 2020 Kerala local elections held in December and also in the 2021 Kerala Legislative Assembly election. However KC(M) allegedly allowed a CPI(M) party member to contest as a KC(M) candidate from Piravam constituency. KC(M) contested on 12 seats and won 5 of them. However, KC(M) chairman Jose K Mani lost from Pala, considered as an important seat for the party.

Main leadersEdit

Current leadersEdit

The following are the main leaders of the party:

Other leadersEdit

K.M Mani, founder


  1. ^
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 17.09.2010" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2012.
  3. ^ "KM Mani: The man behind the 'Theory of the Toiling Class'". The New Indian Express. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  4. ^ "K M Mani honoured at British Parliament Hall". The New Indian Express. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  5. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  6. ^ a b "UDF expels Kerala Congress faction led by Jose K Mani". Deccan Herald. 30 June 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Kerala Congress (M) Jose K Mani faction joins LDF". The News Minute. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Kerala Congress (M) (KEC(M))". Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  9. ^ "Kerala Congress (Mani) ends 35-year alliance with United Democratic Front". 3 January 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Explained: Why has Kerala Congress (M) decided to switch to the LDF?". The Indian Express. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  • G. Gopa Kumar. “Kerala: Verdict against Non-Performance and Congress Factionalism.” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 39, no. 51, 2004, pp. 5498–5501. ‹See Tfd›JSTOR 4415940.