2020 Kerala local elections

Elections to local bodies (Panchayats, Municipalities and Corporations) in Kerala were held in December 2020.[3] The polling was held in three stages; on 8, 10 and 14 December, with the votes counted and results announced on 16 December.[4]

2020 Kerala Local Elections

← 2015 8, 10 and 14 December 2020 2025 →

1199 of 1200 local bodies in Kerala [a]
Turnout76.2% (Decrease1.5%)
Alliance   LDF   UDF   NDA
Percentage 40.2%[2] 37.9% 15.0%
Swing (Increase2.8%) (Increase0.7%) (Increase1.7%)
Grama Panchayat 514 321 19
Block Panchayat 108 38 0
District Panchayat 11 3 0
Municipality 43 41 2
Corporation 5 1 0

The Left Democratic Front (LDF), who also forms the state government, won in more than half of all gram panchayats, two-thirds of district panchayats and in four out of six municipal corporations. The United Democratic Front (UDF), led by Indian National Congress (INC), improved its vote share nearly by 0.7%, compared to that in the previous 2015 election. Despite that, they were able to win just three out of fourteen district panchayats and one corporation, in comparison to seven and two respectively in the previous election. The National Democratic Alliance (NDA), led by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), increased their tally of wards won and secured a majority in two municipalities and nineteen panchayats.

BackgroundEdit

Kerala Panchayat Raj Act, 1994 made provisions for the creation of local bodies at the village, block and district levels. The Kerala Municipalities Act, 1994 made provisions for the creation of municipalities and corporations.[5]

In total, Kerala has 1200 local self-governing bodies – 941 gram panchayats, 14 district panchayats, 152 block panchayats, 87 municipalities and 6 corporations.[6]

COVID-19 pandemicEdit

An all-party meeting decided to file a plea in the state high court to defer the polls, which was set for November 2020, considering the increasing COVID cases.[7]

An ordinance by the Governor of the state, which temporarily amended Kerala Panchayat Raj Act, 1994, allows COVID-19 quarantined patients to vote via postal ballots and increases the voting time by two hours.[8][9]

Parties and coalitionsEdit

The Left Democratic Front (LDF) is the coalition of left wing and far-left parties, led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). The United Democratic Front (UDF) is a coalition consisting chiefly of centrist and centre-left parties led by the Indian National Congress. The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is led by the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party.[1]

Previous compositionEdit

Vote Share by alliance in 2015[10]

  LDF (37.4%)
  UDF (37.2%)
  NDA (13.3%)
  Other (12.1%)

Local body wiseEdit

[11]

2015 Kerala local body elections
Local self-government body Local Bodies in lead Total
LDF UDF NDA Others/Hung
Gram Panchayats 549 365 14 13 941
Block Panchayats 90 61 0 1 152
District Panchayats 7 7 0 0 14
Municipalities 44 41 1 0 86
Corporations 4 2 0 0 6

Ward-wiseEdit

Local self-government body Wards won Total
LDF UDF NDA Others
Gram Panchayats 7,623 6,324 933 1,078 15,962
Block Panchayats 1,088 917 21 53 2,076
District Panchayats 170 145 3 4 331
Municipalities 1,263 1,318 236 259 3,122
Corporations 196 143 51 24 414
Municipal Corporations
Corporation Wards won Total Alliance in majority
LDF UDF NDA Others
Thiruvananthapuram 42 21 35 3 100 Hung (LDF lead)
Kozhikode 50 18 7 0 75 LDF
Kochi 23 38 2 11 74 UDF
Kollam 36 16 2 1 55 LDF
Thrissur 23 21 6 5 55 Hung (LDF lead)
Kannur 26 27 0 2 55 Hung (UDF lead)

CampaignEdit

The president of the Kerala unit of BJP K. Surendran claimed that the incumbent LDF government would face a setback in the election due to the 2020 Kerala gold smuggling case, in relation to which the Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan's then principal secretary was arrested by Enforcement Directorate.[12] The opposition UDF faced several infightings, one among which alliance partner Kerala Congress (M) underwent a split with the faction led by Jose K. Mani joining LDF.[13] BJP faced factionalism between some of its top leaders and the state president.[14][15]

Chellanam 20/20, a newly formed civic forum, contests in the elections to all 21 wards in Chellanam.[16][17] Twenty20 Kizhakkambalam, a party formed by a corporate firm which had contested in the panchayat for the 2015 elections has fielded candidates in five panchayats.[18] V4Kochi, an apolitical organisation has 74 candidates contesting in all wards of Kochi Corporation.[19] Kerala Janapaksham (Secular), led by Poonjar MLA P. C. George, contests independently in four district panchayats, four block panchayats and two gram panchayats in Kottayam district.[20]

Voters list for the election was published on 17 June.[21] The final list was published on 1 October with a supplemental list published on 10 November.[22]

Voters list[23]
Group of voters Voters population
Male 1,31,72,629
Female 1,44,83,668
Transgenders 282
Total Voters 2,76,56,579

As the term of the current members of local bodies end on November 11, three-member administrative committees would be formed and take over administration in each local body, in accordance with Kerala Panchayat Raj Act, 1994, and the Kerala Municipality Act, 1994.[24]

Kerala High Court dismissed petitions which alleged that reservation of local body constituencies continued for a third successive term citing that the court would not interfere in elections.[25]

1.68 lakh candidates filed nominations to various local bodies,[26] which was dwindled down to 74,899 candidates after the rest were either rejected or withdrawn.[27] In total there are 34,744 polling booths; 29,321 in panchayats, 3,422 in municipalities and 2,001 in corporations.[28]

Schedule
Event Date
Publishing of final voters' list 1 October 2020
Announcement of election schedule

Enactment of Model Code of Conduct

6 November 2020
Last date to file nomination 19 November 2020
Scrutiny of nomination 20 November 2020
Last date to withdraw nomination 23 November 2020
Polling Phase I : 8 December 2020
Phase II : 10 December 2020
Phase II : 14 December 2020
Announcement of results 16 December 2020

Phase I: Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha and Idukki districts

Phase II: Ernakulam, Kottayam, Thrissur, Palakkad and Wayanad districts

Phase III: Malappuram, Kozhikode, Kannur and Kasaragod districts

ResultEdit

Districts Voter Turnout[29][30][31][32][33]
District wise map of Kerala Phase District %
  Phase I Thiruvananthapuram 70.0 73.1
Kollam 73.8
Pathanamthitta 69.7
Alappuzha 77.4
Idukki 74.7
Phase II Kottayam 73.9 76.4
Ernakulam 77.1
Thrissur 75.0
Palakkad 78.0
Wayanad 79.5
Phase III Malappuram 78.9 78.7
Kozhikode 79.0
Kannur 78.6
Kasaragod 77.2
Kerala 76.2

Vote Share by alliance[2]

  LDF (40.2%)
  UDF (37.9%)
  NDA (15.0%)
  Other (6.9%)

Popular votesEdit

All of the three major pre-poll alliances in the state increased their vote share compared to that in the previous election.

e • d Summary of results of the 2020 Kerala local body elections[2][10][34][35][36]
Alliance Political party Votes Vote % ±pp
LDF Left Democratic Front 8,450,430 40.18%  2.82%
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 5,628,188 26.71% N/A
Communist Party of India 1,459,396 6.93% N/A
Kerala Congress (M) 534,759 2.54% N/A
Loktantrik Janata Dal 293,814 1.40%  1.40%
Janata Dal (Secular) 175,613 0.83% N/A
Indian National League 139,016 0.66% N/A
Nationalist Congress Party 132,933 0.63% N/A
Congress (Secular) 45,215 0.21% N/A
Kerala Congress (B) 39,140 0.19% N/A
Janadhipathya Kerala Congress 1,612 0.01%  0.01%
Kerala Congress (Skaria Thomas) 744 0.00% N/A
UDF United Democratic Front 7,988,255 37.92%  0.69%
Indian National Congress 5,327,605 25.29% N/A
Indian Union Muslim League 1,909,729 9.06% N/A
Kerala Congress (Joseph) 419,049 1.99%  1.99%
Revolutionary Socialist Party 171,483 0.82% N/A
Communist Marxist Party (John) 80,304 0.38% N/A
Kerala Congress (Jacob) 48,448 0.23% N/A
All India Forward Bloc 19,174 0.09% N/A
Bharatiya National Janata Dal 12,463 0.06% N/A
NDA National Democratic Alliance 3,164,454 15.02%  1.74%
Bharatiya Janata Party 3,118,249 14.80% N/A
Bharath Dharma Jana Sena 26,336 0.13%  0.13%
Kerala Kamaraj Congress 14,358 0.07% N/A
Kerala Congress (Thomas) 4,975 0.02% N/A
Lok Janshakti Party 536 0.00%  
Others Social Democratic Party of India 132,423 0.63% N/A
Twenty 20 41,845 0.20% N/A
Bahujan Samaj Party 36,284 0.17% N/A
Welfare Party of India 32,630 0.15% N/A
Kerala Janapaksham (Secular) 27,995 0.13% N/A
Peoples Democratic Party 26,223 0.12% N/A
Revolutionary Marxist Party of India 24,899 0.12% N/A
Aam Aadmi Party 10,539 0.05% N/A
IND
Independents 1,206,878 5.73% N/A
Total 21,068,782 100.00%  

Local body wiseEdit

[37]

2020 Kerala local body elections
Local self-government body Local Bodies in lead Total
LDF UDF NDA Others Tie
Gram Panchayats 514 ( 35) 321 ( 44) 19 ( 5) 23 ( 15) 64 ( 51) 941
Block Panchayats 108 ( 20) 38 ( 24) 0 ( ) 0 ( 1) 6 ( 5) 152
District Panchayats 11 ( 4)[38] 3 ( 4) 0 ( ) 0 ( ) 0 ( ) [b] 14
Municipalities[39] 43 ( 2)[40] 41 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 0 ( ) 0 ( ) [c] 86
Corporations 5 ( 1) 1 ( 1 ) 0 ( ) 0 ( ) 0 ( ) 6

Ward-wiseEdit

Local self-government body Wards in lead Total
LDF UDF NDA Others
Gram Panchayats 7,262 ( 361) 5,893 ( 431) 1,182 ( 249) 1,620 ( 542) 15,962
Block Panchayats 1,266 ( 178) 727 ( 190) 37 ( 16) 49 ( 4) 2,080
District Panchayats 212 ( 42) 110 ( 35) 2 ( 1) 6 ( 2) 331
Municipalities 1,167 ( 96) 1,172 ( 146) 320 ( 84) 416 ( 157) 3,078
Corporations 207 ( 11) 120 ( 23) 59 ( 8) 27 ( 3) 414
Municipal Corporations
Corporation Wards won Total Previous alliance in majority Alliance in majority
LDF UDF NDA Others
Thiruvananthapuram 51 ( 9) 10 ( 11) 35 ( ) 5 ( 4) 100 LDF LDF
Kozhikode 51 ( 1) 17 ( 1) 7 ( ) 0 ( ) 75 LDF LDF
Kochi 34 ( 11) 31 ( 7) 5 ( 3) 4 ( 7) 74 UDF LDF
Kollam 39 ( 3) 9 ( 7) 6 ( 4) 1 ( ) 55 LDF LDF
Thrissur[41] 24 ( 1) 24 ( 3)[42] 6 ( ) 1 ( 4) 55 LDF Hung
Kannur 19 ( 7) 34 ( 7) 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 55 Hung UDF

AftermathEdit

Result analysisEdit

All of the three major pre-poll alliances, LDF, UDF, and NDA, improved their vote share compared to that in the previous election. The result showed popular support in favour of LDF led government, led by Pinarayi Vijayan. Jose K. Mani faction of Kerala Congress (M), which left UDF to join LDF, performed well in traditional UDF strongholds in Kottayam, Pathanamthitta and Idukki districts.[43] However UDF improved its position in the districts of Ernakulam and Malappuram. Even though LDF lost majority in some of the Grama Panchayaths and Municipalities, they managed to gain absolute majority in Thiruvananthapuram corporation, became the largest alliance in Kochi corporation, and also won several more Block Panchayaths and District Panchayaths than in the previous election.

ReactionsEdit

Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan hailed his alliance's victory as that of secularism and inclusive development, while remarking that the results were a befitting reply to UDF and BJP. Leader of the Opposition Ramesh Chennithala said that UDF voter base was intact highlighting that they had won more municipalities while mentioning he would introspect about their poor performance in Thiruvananthapuram corporation. BJP national president J. P. Nadda and state president K. Surendran thanked the voters for providing an improved mandate to their party in the election[44][45]

TREND software errorEdit

The final results of a few panchayats and municipalities were changed due to error in the TREND software as per the State Election Commission. This meant that the lead UDF had over LDF in municipalities was cut from 10 municipalities to 4. The Election Commission published the results in its official website after rectifying the error.[39]

Post-election incidentsEdit

LDF won control in 43 municipalities, UDF in 41 and BJP in 2 municipalities.[46] In Kalamassery municipality, UDF won control of the municipality by drawing lots, as both they and LDF had equal backing in the administrative council.[47] LDF also controls 11 district panchayats, while UDF got the remaining 3. The latter assumed control of Wayanad district panchayat through drawing lots.[48]

21 year old Arya Rajendran became the mayor of Thiruvananthapuram corporation, thereby becoming the youngest ever mayor of a municipal corporation in India.[49][50]

Reshma Mariam Roy, who was the youngest candidate in the elections, became the youngest ever president of a panchayat in Kerala at 21 years old after being elected as the president of Aruvappulam Grama panchayat in Pathanamthitta. She had filed her nomination on November 18, days before she turned 21.[51][52][53]

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Mattanur municipality elections are held in a different cycle, hence elections to this municipality are not held in 2020.[1]
  2. ^ The ties were later resolved, LDF now control 11 and UDF controls 3 district panchayats. Refer Aftermath section
  3. ^ The ties were later resolved and LDF now control 43 municipalities and UDF controls 41. Refer Aftermath section

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ a b c http://sec.kerala.gov.in/index.php/Content/index/election-2020
  3. ^ "Local body polls in Kerala to be held on November 2 and 5". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2015-10-04. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2020-09-26.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ "Kerala local body polls in three phases in December". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2020-11-06.
  5. ^ "Business – Kerala Legislature". www.niyamasabha.org. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  6. ^ "Local Self-Governance – Government of Kerala, India". kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  7. ^ ThiruvanathapuramSeptember 11, P. S. Gopikrishnan Unnithan; September 11, 2020UPDATED; Ist, 2020 14:47. "Kerala all-party meeting agrees to cancel assembly bypolls, postpone local body elections". India Today. Retrieved 2020-10-19.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Radhakrishnan, S. Anil (2020-10-02). "Coronavirus | Kerala promulgates Ordinance to allow COVID-19 patients vote through postal ballots". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  9. ^ "Postal Ballot For Covid Patients In Local Polls: Kerala Election Panel". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  10. ^ a b Election report, 2015 (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: State Election Commission, Kerala. 2016. pp. 24, 55, 56.
  11. ^ "Election 2015".
  12. ^ "Kerala Local Body Elections: Political Fronts Get Ready for Fight". NewsClick. 2020-11-21. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  13. ^ Hiran, U. (2020-11-07). "Stakes high for Jose K. Mani". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2020-11-23.
  14. ^ Govind, Biju (2020-11-19). "Local body polls a litmus test for BJP". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2020-11-23.
  15. ^ Nov 21, TNN /; 2020; Ist, 06:35. "Sobha Surendran skips BJP pre-poll meeting in Kochi | Kochi News". The Times of India. Retrieved 2020-11-23.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Aug 1, TNN /; 2020; Ist, 07:56. "Kerala: Now, a '20-20 to save Chellanam' | Kochi News". The Times of India. Retrieved 2020-10-19.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ Martin, K. a (2020-11-06). "In Chellanam, fresh voices speak up". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
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  22. ^ ThiruvananthapuramNovember 6, P. S. Gopikrishnan Unnithan; November 6, 2020UPDATED; Ist, 2020 18:55. "Kerala: Local body elections to be held in 3 phases, counting of votes on December 16". India Today. Retrieved 2020-11-06.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
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  30. ^ ജയപ്രകാശ്, എസ് എൻ. "ആദ്യഘട്ട പോളിങ് 72.67 ശതമാനം". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2020-12-09.
  31. ^ "തദ്ദേശ തിരഞ്ഞെടുപ്പ്: രണ്ടാംഘട്ടത്തില്‍ 76 ശതമാനം പോളിങ്". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2020-12-10.
  32. ^ "മൂന്നാം ഘട്ടത്തില്‍ പോളിങ് 78 ശതമാനത്തിലധികം; വോട്ടെണ്ണല്‍ ബുധനാഴ്ച". Indian Express Malayalam. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  33. ^ "Kerala local body polls 2020 live updates: 78.64% polling in final phase : In the first phase of the polling, the voter turnout was 73.12 and in the second phase it was 76.78%". The Times of India. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
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  38. ^ "14-ല്‍ 11 ജില്ലാ പഞ്ചായത്തുകളിലും എല്‍ഡിഎഫ് അധികാരത്തിലേറി; വയനാട് നറുക്കെടുപ്പിലൂടെ യുഡിഎഫിന്". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  39. ^ a b "mistake trend software; UDF does not have the upper hand in the number of municipalities ട്രെന്‍ഡ് സോഫ്റ്റ് വെയറിലെ പിഴവ്; മുനിസിപ്പാലിറ്റികളുടെ എണ്ണത്തിലും യുഡിഎഫിന് മേല്‍ക്കൈ ഇല്ല". www.twentyfournews.com. 2020-12-17. Retrieved 2020-12-18.
  40. ^ "New administrative committees take office in Corporations and Municipalities". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  41. ^ "UDF rebel likely to become mayor as LDF wins Thrissur corporation". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2020-12-19.
  42. ^ [1]
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  53. ^ "CPI(M) chooses 21-year-old to lead Aruvappulam grama panchayat". www.thehindu.com.

External linksEdit