Katherine Brown (born June 21, 1960) is an American politician who is the 38th and current Governor of Oregon. Brown, a Democrat and an attorney, previously served as Oregon Secretary of State and as majority leader of the Oregon State Senate, where she represented portions of Milwaukie and of Northeast and Southeast Portland.
|38th Governor of Oregon|
February 18, 2015
|Preceded by||John Kitzhaber|
|24th Secretary of State of Oregon|
January 5, 2009 – February 18, 2015
|Preceded by||Bill Bradbury|
|Succeeded by||Jeanne Atkins|
|Member of the Oregon Senate
from the 21st district
January 13, 1997 – January 2, 2009
|Preceded by||Shirley Gold|
|Succeeded by||Diane Rosenbaum|
|Member of the Oregon House of Representatives
from the 13th district
November 26, 1991 – January 12, 1997
|Preceded by||Judy Bauman|
|Succeeded by||Dan Gardner|
June 21, 1960
Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain
|Education||University of Colorado, Boulder (BA)
Lewis and Clark College (JD)
Brown became governor on February 18, 2015, succeeding John Kitzhaber upon his resignation. Brown is the state's second female governor, after Barbara Roberts (1991–1995), as well as the first openly bisexual governor in US history. Her win in the 2016 special election for governor made her the first openly bisexual person elected as a United States governor (and indeed the first openly LGBT person elected as such).
Early life and careerEdit
Brown was born in Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain, where her father was serving in the United States Air Force, but was raised in Minnesota. She graduated from Mounds View High School in Arden Hills, Minnesota in 1978. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Conservation with a certificate in Women's Studies from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 1981 and a J.D. degree and certificate in Environmental Law from the Northwestern School of Law at Lewis and Clark College in 1985.
Oregon Legislative Assembly (1991–2009)Edit
Brown was appointed to the Oregon House of Representatives in 1991, filling a vacancy left by predecessor Judy Bauman, who took an executive appointment. She was elected to a second term before being elected to the Oregon State Senate in 1996. Two years later, she was elected Senate Democratic Leader; in 2004, senators made her the first woman to serve as Oregon's Senate Majority Leader.
In July 2007, Brown announced that she would give up her seat in the Oregon Senate to be a candidate for Oregon Secretary of State in 2008. On May 20, 2008, Brown won the election for the Democratic nomination for Secretary of State; and, on November 5, she won the general election by a 51–46% margin against Republican candidate Rick Dancer.
Oregon Secretary of State (2009–2015)Edit
Coming into office, one of Brown’s priorities was to perform rigorous performance audits to help balance the budget. In 2008, for every dollar the State spent, performance audits returned $8 in cost savings. In 2010, Brown reported she delivered $64 in cost savings and efficiencies for every dollar invested in the Division.
In 2009, Brown introduced and passed House Bill 2005 to crack down on fraud and abuse in the initiative and referendum system. It gave the Secretary of State more power to prosecute fraud and enforce the constitutional ban on paying per signature on initiatives.
In 2009, the Aspen Institute named Brown as one of 24 "Rising Stars" in American politics and awarded her with a Rodel Fellowship. The program is a two-year fellowship designed to break down partisan barriers and explore the responsibilities of public leadership and good governance.
In October 2012, StateTech magazine highlighted Brown's use of iPad and tablet technology to increase accessibility for voters with disabilities. In 2011, Oregon became the first jurisdiction in the country to use this technology to help voters with disabilities mark their ballots.
In January 2015, Brown submitted a letter to the Federal Communications Commission in support of the Comcast-Time Warner Cable merger that had been almost entirely ghostwritten by Comcast, a company that has made a total of over $10,000 in donations to her past election campaigns.
Governor of Oregon (2015–present)Edit
First term, 2015–2017Edit
On February 13, 2015, Governor John Kitzhaber announced his pending resignation, amid a public corruption scandal; Brown succeeded him on February 18, 2015 since the Oregon Constitution identifies the secretary of state as the successor when the governor leaves office prematurely.
Brown named Brian Shipley, a lobbyist for Oregon Health & Science University and former deputy chief of staff to Governor Ted Kulongoski, as her chief of staff. As her secretary of state, she appointed Jeanne Atkins, who took office on March 11, 2015.
On February 20, 2015, Governor Brown revealed that she was planning to extend the moratorium on executions enacted by her predecessor. She also signed a "motor voter" bill she had championed while Secretary of State, to automatically register voters using their drivers license data.
On July 20, 2016 Brown signed HB3402 into law. This law raised the maximum speed limit to 70 MPH on sections of I-84 east and US-95. Previously the maximum allowed speed limit allowed on Oregon highways was 65. This bill also raised speed limits on non interstate highways in eastern Oregon from 55 to 65. The law became effective March 1, 2016.
2016 special election campaignEdit
Brown ran in the 2016 special election for governor. She faced Julian Bell, Chet Chance, Kevin M. Forsythe, Steve Johnson, and Dave Stauffer in the Democratic primary, and won the nomination. By April 2016, she had raised over $800,000 for her campaign in 2016 alone, while her closest Democratic competitor, Julian Bell, had raised $33,000.
Brown won the election against Republican Bud Pierce, Independent Party nominee Cliff Thomason, Libertarian James Foster, and Constitution Party nominee Aaron Donald Auer, receiving 51% of all cast votes in the state.
Second term, 2017–presentEdit
On January 9, 2017, Brown was sworn in for her second term, and first elected term, in office.
Brown has been criticized for her willingness to undermine her colleagues. She was integral in rounding up votes to pass a bill reforming Oregon's Public Employee Retirement System and then voted against the reform bill in order to preserve her own ties to organized labor. Many of her colleagues would go on to lose their seats due to backlash from labor unions.
As Secretary of State, Brown faced further political backlash when she stated she had made a mistake in the scheduling of the election for Labor Commissioner between Democrat Brad Avakian and Republican Bruce Starr. An early election would have favored Starr, but as the election approached, Brown changed her mind and scheduled the election for November helping Avakian to win the race.
Brown lives in Portland, with her husband Dan Little. She has two stepchildren, Dylan and Jessie. She identifies as bisexual and is the country's first openly bisexual statewide officeholder and first openly bisexual governor.
|Democratic||Kate Brown (write-in)||38||23.75|
|Libertarian||Theresa "Darklady" Reed||4,563||7.55|
|Constitution (Oregon)||Paul deParrie||3,126||5.17|
|Democratic||Paul Damian Wells||14,696||2.74|
|Pacific Green||Seth Alan Woolley||51,271||2.99|
|Oregon Secretary of State Democratic Primary Election, 2012|
|Democratic||Kate Brown (inc.)||284,470||91.13|
|Democratic||Paul Damian Wells||26,177||8.39|
|Oregon Secretary of State Election, 2012|
|Democratic||Kate Brown (inc.)||863,656||51.28|
|Pacific Green||Seth Woolley||44,235||2.63|
|Libertarian||Bruce Alexander Knight||24,273||1.44|
|Oregon Governor Special Democratic Primary Election, 2016|
|Democratic||Kate Brown (inc.)||494,890||83.06|
|Oregon Governor Special Election, 2016|
|Democratic||Kate Brown (inc.)||747,555||51|
Awards and distinctionsEdit
- 1995 – Recipient, Woman of Achievement Award from the Oregon Commission for Women
- 2004 – Recipient, National Public and Community Service Award from the American Mental Health Counselors Association
- 2007 – Recipient, President's Award of Merit from the Oregon State Bar
- 2015 – Was listed as one of the nine runners-up for The Advocate's Person of the Year
- 2017 – Named to the inaugural NBC Out #Pride30 list
- Profiles in Courage by Basic Rights Oregon
- "Kate Brown Sworn In as Oregon Governor, Replacing John Kitzhaber". The New York Times. February 18, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "Kate Brown Becomes Governor". The Oregonian. February 18, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "Gov. John Kitzhaber Announces His Resignation". Willamette Week. February 13, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- "Meet America's First Openly Bisexual Governor". MSN. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Helena Horton (September 9, 2016). "People are celebrating women who made history on US Election night in response to Donald Trump win". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
- Tim Fought and Jeff Barnard, Associated Press (February 14, 2015). "Scandal makes ex-Minnesotan next governor of Oregon". Star Tribune. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- Peter Wong (February 18, 2015). "Calling Kate Brown". Portland Tribune. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- Schwarz, Hunter (February 13, 2015). "This woman will soon become the first openly bisexual governor in American history". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Kost, Ryan (July 10, 2007). "Senator joins secretary of state race". The Oregonian. Retrieved July 11, 2007.
- Bajko, Matthew S. (November 22, 2007). "Political Notebook: Bisexual, lesbian politicians stump in SF". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved May 15, 2008.
- Kost, Ryan. "Says for every dollar the state spent on audits last year, it delivered $64 in cost savings.". PolitiFact. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- "Enrolled – House Bill 2005". 75th OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY—2009 Regular Session. State of Oregon. June 15, 2009. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Foden-Vencil, Kristian. "Online Voter Registration Celebrates First Anniversary". Oregon Public Broadcasting. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- "Selects 24 'Rising Stars' in Governance For Its Rodel Fellowships in Public Leadership Program". The Aspen Institute. July 29, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- Wong, Wylie. "How iPads Are Making Voting More Accessible in Oregon". StateTech Magazine. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- Woodman, Spencer. "Exclusive: politicians are supporting Comcast's TWC merger with letters ghostwritten by Comcast". The Verge. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- "Kate Brown chooses next Chief of Staff". KGW.com. February 16, 2015. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Jaquiss, Nigel (February 16, 2015). "Brian Shipley Will Be Incoming Gov. Kate Brown's Chief of Staff". Willamette Week. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- "Jeanne Atkins sworn in as Oregon secretary of state". KATU. March 11, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Sebens, Shelby (February 20, 2015). "New Oregon Governor Kate Brown to extend death penalty moratorium". Reuters.
- "Kate Brown gets to sign her own bill, for automatic voter registration in Oregon". OregonLive.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "OCEP EPIC LEGISLATIVE REPORT | Oregon ACEP". oregonacep.org. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
- Kullgren, Ian (March 9, 2016). "Election 2016: Who's running for office in Oregon? Portland? We've got your list right here". The Oregonian. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
- Selsky, Andrew (May 7, 2016). "Kate Brown expected to win primary; GOP field mixed". KOIN 6 News. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- Friedman, Gordon (April 25, 2016). "Kate Brown's campaign is all about the general election". KGW. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- Tims, Dana (April 30, 2016). "Kate Brown says she's earned her own shot at governor". OregonLive. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- Borrud, Hillary (January 9, 2017). "Kate Brown is sworn in for first elected term as governor". OregonLive. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
- Jaquiss, Nigel (February 10, 2015). "Governor in Waiting". Willamette Week. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Walsh, Edward (November 5, 2008). "Democrats sweep to capture statewide jobs". The Oregonian. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
- "Walking Bi". Portland Mercury. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- "Kate Brown, Oregon, 1992". Out and Elected in the USA – The First 30 Years: 1974–2004. Out History. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
- "Kate Brown honored by Oregon State Bar". The Oregonian.
- "SOPride | Grand Marshal Page". www.sopride.org. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
- Advocate.com Editors. "Person of the Year: The Finalists". Advocate.com. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- O'Hara, Mary Emily (June 23, 2017). "#Pride30: Oregon’s Kate Brown Embraces Status as First LGBTQ Elected Governor". NBC News. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
- Brad Schmidt, "Kate Brown: Next Oregon Governor Described as Tenacious, Personable," The Oregonian, February 13, 2015.
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