Liebscher displayed an early talent for drawing but, at first, did not consider that to be a practical way to earn a living. He studied engineering and took a position as an assistant with the Building Authority. After a short time, however, he came down with a nervous disorder (possibly from drinking too much coffee) that required rest and quiet. During stays at various health spas in Graefenberg, Tábor and Letiny, he studied nature and began painting. His first illustrations were published in 1879. He enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in 1883 where he studied with Eduard von Lichtenfels.
Liebscher's first major exhibition took place in Prague in 1885, where he exhibited with his brother Adolf. The primary themes of his works were Czech monuments, old buildings and landscapes. He later travelled to what is now Croatia, producing images of the Mediterranean coast. Many of his illustrations were used by Jan Otto in his regular magazines (Zlatá Praha) and special edition books (Bohemia by Bedřich Bernau; Castles and Chateaux by August Sedláček).
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