Kalvanin Kadhali (1955 film)
Kalvanin Kadhali is a Tamil language film that starring Sivaji Ganesan and P. Bhanumathi in the lead roles based on the social novel of the same name written by Kalki R. Krishnamurthy. This is the first film that both of them acted together. The film was released in 1956 along with the movie Koteeswaran also starring Sivaji ganesan for his 25th film. This was the first movie released in five theatres in Chennai and ran more than 80 days in five theatres (equal to 100 days in four theatres) at the same time koteeswaran was also running. The movie was directed by V. S. Raghavan, who also directed Sarangadhara.
|Directed by||V. S. Raghavan|
|Produced by||P. Rajamanickam Chettiar|
|Written by||Kalki R. Krishnamurthy (story) |
S. D. Sundaram (dialogue)
T. R. Ramachandran
T. S. Durairaj
T. D. Kuchalakumari
S. R. Janaki
|Music by||G. Govindarajulu Naidu & Ghantasala|
|Cinematography||N. C. Balakrishnan|
|Distributed by||Revathi Productions|
Written by Kalki R. Krishnamurthy in 1935 with the intention of making movies of them. Published as a serial novel in Ananda Vikatan. From the first part that appeared in the issue dated 29.8.1937, the story became hugely popular, with readers waiting eagerly for each issue containing the next chapter of the story. Kalki R. Krishnamurthy drew inspiration from real life dacoit called Jambulingam whose exploits were legendary.
The story was also published as a book later in 1954 by Chinna Annamalai Padhippagam. In the meantime, T. K. Shanmugam adapted the story for the stage, and his dramatization was so effective that the play was a crowd-puller wherever it was staged. Some other drama troupes did this as well. At a function got up in Chennai to release a collection of Kalki R. Krishnamurthy's works, Poornam Vishwanathan recalled how his stage adaptation of Kalvanin Kadhali in 1946 won praise from Rajaji.
Kalvanin Kadhali is the story of a dacoit and his beloved, Muththaiyan and Kalyani. At the PoonkuLam village, Kalyani falls for good-hearted Muththaiyan. Circumstances brand Muththaiyan a dacoit, but Kalyani remains steadfast in her love. Evading the police, Muthaiyan leads the life of an exile in the forest. When things come to a head, Muththaiyan and Kalyani decide to run away to some far-off place and settle down to marital bliss.
Muththaiyan's loyal friend Kamalapathi, who is a stage actor makes all arrangements for their escape. In order to hoodwink the vigilant police inspector Shastri, Kamalapathi disguises himself as a woman and goes to the forest to meet Muthaiyan and appraise him of the plans. When Kalyani comes to the appointed place, she finds Muthaiyan embracing another woman. Not realizing that it is Kamalapathi whom Muththaiyan is expressing his heart-felt thanks to, she suspects her lover's loyalty and runs away in a rage. Inspector Shastri, who is also in disguise, meets Kalyani at this juncture and enquires Muththaiyan's whereabouts. Unthinking in her anger, Kalyani blurts out Muththaiyan's location. Seeing Shastri run with his gun, Kalyani realizes that he is a police officer, and runs after him. The story ends in tragedy where the lovers unite in death.
- Producer: P. Rajamanickam Chettiar
- Production Company: Revathi Productions
- Director: V. S. Raghavan
- Music: G. Govindarajulu Naidu & Ghantasala
- Screenplay: S. D. Sundaram
- Dialogues: S. D. Sundaram
- Lyrics: Mahakavi Bharathiyar, Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai and S. D. Sundaram
- Story: Kalki R. Krishnamurthy
- Art Direction: T. Neelakandan
- Editing: V. S. Rajan
- Choreography: M. S. Muthukrishnan
- Cinematography: N. C. Balakrishnan
- Stunt: None
- Dance: None
The music composed by G. Govindarajulu Naidu & Ghantasala. Lyrics by Mahakavi Bharathiyar, Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai and S. D. Sundharam . Singer is P. Bhanumathi. Playback singers are T. M. Soundararajan, Ghantasala, Thiruchi Loganathan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan, Shanmugasundharam, M. L. Vasanthakumari, N. L. Ganasaraswathi & P. Suseela.
|1||"Kaalam Varugudhu Nalla Kaalam Varugudhu"||T. M. Soundararajan||G. Govindarajulu Naidu|
|2||"Thamizh Thirunaadu Thannai Petra"||M. L. Vasanthakumari & N. L. Ganasaraswathi||Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai||02:01|
|3||"Ezhuthi Sellum Vidhiyin Kai"||T. M. Soundararajan|
|4||"Manadhil Urudhi Vendum"||T. M. Soundararajan & P. Bhanumathi||Mahakavi Bharathiyar||02:51|
|5||"Manadhil Urudhi Vendum"||T. M. Soundararajan||Mahakavi Bharathiyar||00:32|
|6||"Nallathor Veenai Seidhe"||P. Bhanumathi||Mahakavi Bharathiyar||02:30|
|7||"Valaipugum Podhe Thalaivaangum Paambe"||T. M. Soundararajan||03:32|
|8||"Alli Malar Solai Inba Valli Ival Thaane"||P. Bhanumathi|
|Thiruchi Loganathan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan & Shanmugasundharam||09:21|
|10||"Mannukkeedu Pon Kettaal"||Ghantasala||02:01||Ghantasala|
|11||"Veyirkktera Nizhalundu"||Ghantasala & P. Bhanumathi||Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai||02:48|
|12||"Veyirkktera Nizhalundu"||Ghantasala||Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai||02;53|