Ramaswamy Krishnamurthy (9 September 1899 – 5 December 1954), better known by his pen name Kalki, was an Indian writer, journalist, poet, critic and Indian independence activist. He was named after "Kalki", the tenth and last avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu. His writings include over 120 short stories, 10 novellas, 5 novels, 3 historical romances, editorial and political writings and hundreds of film and music reviews.
Krishnamurthy on a 1999 stamp of India
9 September 1899
Puthamangalam, near Manalmedu
|Died||5 December 1954 (aged 55)|
|Pen name||Kalki Tamil: கல்கி|
|Occupation||journalist, critic and writer|
|Alma mater||National High School, Tiruchi|
|Genre||Historic fiction, social fiction|
|Notable works||Ponniyin Selvan, Sivagamiyin Sabadham|
|Notable awards||Sahitya Akademi Award for Alai Osai|
|Children||Kalki Rajendran |
& Anandi Ramachandran
Krishnamurthy's father was Ramaswamy Aiyar, an accountant in Puttamangalam village in the old Tanjore district of erstwhile Madras Presidency. He began his primary education in his village school and later attended Municipal High School in Mayavaram but quit in 1921, just short of completion of his Senior School Leaving Certificate, in response to Mahatma Gandhi's 1921 call for non-co-operation joining the Indian National Congress instead.
|2||Parthiban Kanavu (1941–1943)||About Pallava Dynasty|
|1||Sivagamiyin Sapatham (1944–1946)||About Pallava Dynasty|
|3||Ponniyin Selvan (1951–1954)||About Chola Dynasty|
|4||Solaimalai Ilavarasi (1947)||About Independence of India|
Social novels (Tamil)Edit
- Kalvaninn Kaadhali (1937)
- Thiyaga Bhoomi (1938–1939)
- Magudapathi (1942)
- Abalayin kaneer (1947)
- Alai Osai (1948)
- Devagiyin Kanavan (1950)
- Mohini Theevu (1950)
- Poiman Karadu (1951)
- Punnaivanathu Puli (1952)
- Amara Thara (1954)
|2||Otrai Roja||This story is about two strangers – a young man and a young woman – who meet on a train from Tirunelveli to Chennai. The woman is originally from Sri Lanka and the man is from Madras (now Chennai). They have failed in their respective exams and plan to end their life. Things take a different turn from here and all ends well.|
|8||Thirudan Magan Thirudan|
|9||Imayamalai Engal Malai|
|11||Master Medhuvadai||Collection of 5 short stories|
|25||Tiger King||The story revolves around a King whose death at the hands of a tiger had been foretold by astrologers when he was born. He tries to reverse the fate spelled out for him and the author uses thinly-veiled satire to walk the reader through the King's attempts which later prove futile, in a manner that makes them laugh.|
|44||Vaira mothiram(Kaanama pogaathathu)|
Kalki was also a film and music critic who wrote under the pseudonym Karnatakam. He also penned many lyrics for many songs, most of which were adapted into Carnatic Music.
- The release of a postage stamp in honour of Kalki was among the highlights of the centenary celebrations. Government of Tamil Nadu announced the nationalisation of Kalki's works, this will enable publishers to come out with reprints of his works.
- Kalki Krishnamuthy received the Sangeetha Kalasikhamani award conferred on him by The Indian Fine Arts Society in 1953.
Kalki died in Chennai on 5 December 1954 aged 55 years from tuberculosis. Kalki magazine's special issue dated 5 December 1954 (The day he died) for Annai Sarada Devi was his last editorial work. That magazine shared the information that his health was improving prior to his demise.
Biographies of KalkiEdit
- Room, Adrian (2010). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 assumed names and their origins (5 ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: Macfarland. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-7864-4373-4. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Viswanathan, S. (9 October 1999). "Renaissance man". Frontline. The Hindu group. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Anandhi, K. "Kalki – the man behind the legend: An intimate portrait by his daughter K. Anandhi". ChennaiBest.com. Indias-Best.Com Pvt Ltd. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Vaiko (March 2009). "'சிவகாமியின் சபதம்' வைகோவின் இலக்கியச் சொற்பொழிவு" ['Śivagāmiyin Śapathaṁ' Vaiko's literary speech]. Literary (in Tamil). Chennai: Marumalarchi DMK.
- Vaiko (March 2009). "பொன்னியின் செல்வன் புகழ்விழா தில்லி 21.12.2007" [Poṉṉiyin Selvan Glory festival Delhi 21 December 2007]. Literary (in Tamil). Chennai: Marumalarchi DMK.
- Sri Ramakrishna Vijayam December 2014 page 36,37
- Sundaram, MRM (1999) . Poṉṉiyiṉ putalvar பொன்னியின் புதல்வர் [The great son of Ponni] (in Tamil) (2nd ed.). Chennai: Vāṉati Patippakam.
- "Third edition biography on Kalki released". Cities: Chennai. The New Indian Express. Express News Service. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
The 912-page hard-bound volume, brought out by Vanathi Pathipagam, is priced at `450.
With a preface by 'Kalki' K Rajendran on how the biography was born, the back cover shows 'Kalki', conceiving Alai Osai, a famous novel set against the background of India's freedom struggle. The first edition was brought out in 1976 and the second in 1999.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Kalki Krishnamurthy|
- Kalki's Ponniyin Selvan (Tamil) Wikisource (Unicode)
- Kalki's novels online, Chennailibrary.com (in Tamil)
- Ponniyin Selvan Facts and Fiction, ponniyinselvan.in
- English translation by Nandini Vijayaraghavan of Sivakamiyin Sabadham