Kämpfer (Japanese: けんぷファー, Hepburn: Kenpufā, German for "Fighter") is a Japanese light novel series by Toshihiko Tsukiji, with illustrations by Senmu. The series contains 15 volumes published by Media Factory under their MF Bunko J imprint between November 2006 and March 2010. The main series covers 12 volumes, while the remaining three are short story collections. A manga adaptation by Yu Tachibana started serialization in the April 2008 issue of Monthly Comic Alive. A 12-episode anime adaptation aired in Japan between October and December 2009 on TBS, concluded in 2011 with Kämpfer für die Liebe.

Kämpfer vol01.jpg
Cover of the first volume of Kämpfer as published by Media Factory
GenreAction, harem, romantic comedy
Light novel
Written byToshihiko Tsukiji
Illustrated bySenmu
Published byMedia Factory
ImprintMF Bunko J
Original runNovember 24, 2006March 25, 2010
Written byToshihiko Tsukiji
Illustrated byYu Tachibana
Published byMedia Factory
MagazineMonthly Comic Alive
Original runApril 2008August 2013
Anime television series
Directed byYasuhiro Kuroda
Written byKazuyuki Fudeyasu
Music byTatsuya Kato
Licensed by
Original networkTBS, BS-TBS, Sun TV
Original run October 2, 2009 December 17, 2009
Episodes12 (List of episodes)
Anime television series
Kämpfer für die Liebe
Directed byYasuhiro Kuroda
Written byKazuyuki Fudeyasu
Music byTatsuya Kato
Licensed by
Original run April 8, 2011 May 25, 2011
Episodes2 (List of episodes)
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and manga portal


Natsuru Senō attends a high school that separates the boys from the girls. He has a crush on school beauty Kaede Sakura, who has a peculiar collection of Entrail Animals (臓物アニマル, Zōmotsu Animaru), stuffed animals styled in brutal ways of dying. One day, Natsuru discovers he has turned into a girl. His stuffed tiger named Harakiri Tora awakens and tells him that he has been chosen as a Kämpfer (ケンプファー, Kenpufā, German for "Fighter"), a female fighter who must fight against other Kämpfer that are not part of her team as indicated by a colored Bracelet of Oath (誓約の腕輪, Seiyaku no Udewa).

Natsuru attracts the attention of various girls at school who are Kämpfer, including a shy bookworm girl Akane Mishima who transforms into a gunslinging loudmouth, the beautiful but scheming student council president Shizuku Sangō, and later Natsuru's childhood friend Mikoto Kondō. Natsuru is sometimes able to change back to being a boy, but because his emotions might transform him, he must then live as a male student as well as a female student with the same name at the school while keeping his switching identity a secret. To complicate things, Sakura herself is strongly attracted to Natsuru's female form, and seems to be tied to the overall formation of the Kämpfer. Later stories involve Natsuru and the girls involved in fights with other Kämpfer groups. Originally the Kämpfer are divided into two opposing factions, Red and Blue, but White Kämpfer are formed after a truce is reached between elements within the Red and Blue Kämpfer.


Main charactersEdit

Natsuru Senō (瀬能 ナツル, Senō Natsuru)
Voiced by: Marina Inoue (Japanese); Howard Wang (male), Sabrina Owen (female) (English)[1][2]
The viewpoint character of the light novels, Natsuru is a second-year student at Seitetsu High School. He has a crush on Kaede Sakura, one of the school's beauties. At the start of the story, he discovers that he has transformed into a girl, and learns that he has been chosen to be a Kämpfer with Zauber, or magic, powers such as casting fireballs. As a girl, he has longer hair styled in a ponytail. After a fight with Shizuku causes him to expose his Kämpfer form to other students of the school, Natsuru is enrolled as a girl of the same name at the school, quickly ranking among the school beauties Kaede and Shizuku. Natsuru's female form becomes the subject of intense affection from Kaede Sakura (who has displayed no particular interest in his normal male form), nearly the entire female student body, and the boys, including his male classmates. The conclusion of the story varies for each medium: The last volume of the light novels has him staying with Akane, the manga series he falls in love with Shizuku, and the anime is left undecided.
Kaede Sakura (沙倉 楓, Sakura Kaede)
Voiced by: Megumi Nakajima (Japanese); Avery Smithhart (English)[1][2]
Shizuku's childhood friend and one of the Three Beauties of Seitetsu, she has many admirers, Natsuru being one of them. She has a large collection of stuffed Entrails Animal series dolls and likes to present them to her friends; those who receive the dolls, however, tend to end up becoming Kämpfers. She began to develop an infatuation with Kämpfer Natsuru after being saved from Kämpfer Akane at the beginning of the series, later coming under the mistaken impression that the normal Natsuru is her rival for Kämpfer Natsuru's affection and consequently becoming somewhat hostile to him, a situation not helped after a misunderstanding in a very compromising situation leads her to think Natsuru is cheating on the female Natsuru.
Kaede's infatuation with Kämpfer Natsuru quickly grows into an obsession as she begins to make romantic and later erotic advances to Natsuru's female form, to the point of repeatedly barging in on her taking a shower and sneaking into her futon at night. Later, Kaede is suspected by Shizuku to have connections with the Moderator (モデレーター, Moderētā), the person responsible for selecting Kämpfer candidates, as well as having something to do with the appearances of the White Kämpfer, and that she may have been using hypnotic power to further manipulate Natsuru into doing her bidding, taking advantage of his existing obsession with her (It is also possible that his obsession with her is entirely a result of this power). It is eventually confirmed on separate occasions when the White Kämpfer swear loyalty to her and when, without possessing any bracelet so characteristic of the Kämpfer, she wields both a katana and a Beretta 93R against the Red and Blue Kämpfer coalition.
Later, it is also implied that she knew from the very beginning that there were not two Natsurus, but just one who switches sex (she personally reveals it in the anime whereas in the novel it is her White Kämpfer who would do so) and that she was merely feigning ignorance at the start, although her obsession with his female form turned out to be real, even while knowing his true nature. Kaede is shown to be strongly into female-female romance, where she is implied to be having erotic relationships with her White Kämpfer, and she even stated that she hates men and thinks they are useless. Kaede's extensive collection of Entrails Animals is shown to be the source of the Entrails Animal messengers that turn people into Kämpfer, that she dotes on her collection, to the point of calling them "her children" and her favorite is the prototype, Burnt Alive Lion. In the end, she regains her consciousness and says that she loves Natsuru in his male and female forms, but she is not chosen by Natsuru.
Akane Mishima (美嶋 紅音, Mishima Akane)
Voiced by: Yui Horie (Japanese); Brittney Karbowski (English)[1][2]
A bespectacled honor student helping in the school library and Natsuru's friend, she is also a Blue Kämpfer like Natsuru. Normally very shy and soft-spoken, she becomes the exact opposite upon transforming into a Kämpfer, becoming foul-mouthed, aggressive, violent, and trigger-happy. Her short brown hair turns red in her Kämpfer form. She has a tendency to misunderstand what others are trying to say or do in a borderline-erotic way. She explains most of the rules of being a Kämpfer to Natsuru when his own Messenger gave him no such details. She is a Gewehr-("gun-" or "rifle-")type Kämpfer who uses a black Springfield M1911A1 .45 pistol and appears to be ambidextrous.
Her gun has the special property of having unlimited ammunition and does not need reloading. In addition to having Natsuru as the first male to establish friendship with her, Akane eventually begins to harbor romantic feelings for him, becoming jealous and easily irritable when he talks about another girl (most if not all of the time being Kaede) in front of her or when another girl takes an interest in him (whether that interest is romantic in nature or not). Despite often responding with indifference, however, Natsuru does later on tell her that if Kaede were never on his mind, Akane (her normal form) would have been his type of girl. As a Kämpfer, the messenger assigned to Akane by the Moderators is Black Seppuku Rabbit, a plush toy that is part of the Entrails Animals series of stuffed toys. She is the girl that Natsuru chooses at the end of the novels.
Shizuku Sangō (三郷 雫, Sangō Shizuku)
Voiced by: Kaori Nazuka (Japanese); Katelyn Barr (English)[1][2]
The President of the Student Council and one of the Three Beauties of Seitetsu, she is a model honor student with a perfect attendance record. She has a lot of admirers, especially from the boys' side who are obsessed with fantasies of her dominating them as Student Council President. She has a calm, confident demeanor which is sometimes interpreted as cold and calculating, especially by Natsuru. She is a Red Kämpfer, which initially puts her at odds with him, and is also a Schwert-("sword-")type Kämpfer who prefers to fight wielding two short swords/daggers linked by a chain. Her weapons have the special property of extending its chain length to necessary lengths to enable her to fight even at long range. In her Kämpfer form, the reverse side of her long black hair partially turns white, which makes the color change only visible from the front, while leaving her hair dark when seen from behind. She easily deduces Natsuru and Akane's Kämpfer identities after encountering them in the library and interrogating them. She has a personal objective of finding the reason why Kämpfer must fight each other, and to that end she initially fought the Blue Kämpfer to learn more.
After being defeated by Natsuru and Akane in a battle, she is spared by Natsuru in exchange for Shizuku not involving Kaede in future battles. She enters an informal truce with Natsuru and Akane while she gathers more information about the Kämpfer system and has since taken an increasing romantic interest in male Natsuru, slyly teasing him with her demands and advances, even going so far as to steal his first kiss all without losing her composure and demeanor, which makes Natsuru even more suspicious of her, despite her not harboring any actual hostile intentions toward him. Shizuku continues to give off hints to Natsuru that she is romantically interested in him, in spite of his extra denseness regarding her feelings, even asking him out on a real date and even passionately kissing him in front of Kaede and the others, although her ambiguous demeanor again seems to become her undoing (a fact she seems to have realized, calling her love an unrequited one), as Natsuru keeps thinking that she is up to something whenever she makes an advance on him.
She seeks to know why Kämpfer must fight because, as she told Natsuru, she resents being used as a pawn by the Moderators, and seeks her goal in the hope of fulfilling her ultimate objective of taking revenge against the organizers of the Kämpfer system, which cost her the life of a dear friend in the past, who was also a Red Kämpfer like her. In order to fight back against the system, and indirectly its organizers, she and her new Red Kämpfer ally Mikoto later enter into a formal truce and join forces with the Blue Kämpfer Natsuru and Akane, violating the rule that all Kämpfer must fight, antagonizing the Moderators in the process, who send the White Kämpfer to eliminate them for rebelling against the system. As a Kämpfer, the messenger assigned to Shizuku by the Moderators is Electrocuted Wildcat, a plush toy that is part of the Entrails Animals series of stuffed toys. At the end of the novels when Natsuru chooses Akane, she cries for him because her love was genuine. At the end of the manga she is chosen by Natsuru seen as the two are holding hands.
Mikoto Kondō (近堂 水琴, Kondō Mikoto)
Voiced by: Kana Asumi (Japanese); Christina Kelly (English)[1][2]
Natsuru's widely-traveled, energetic childhood friend who only recently reunited with him due to her father being an archaeologist who lives and widely travels abroad. As a result of her lifestyle, she has become a highly adventurous, risk-taking person. Mikoto sends Natsuru postcards regularly during her travels abroad, so they keep in touch even if she is away. Although she has too much pride to explicitly admit it, she has feelings for Natsuru and is more than a bit bothered by the rumors of a girl with the same name as his (who in reality is Natsuru in his Kämpfer form) and who is supposedly his romantic interest. Even after the misunderstanding is later cleared up, the advances made by Akane and Shizuku on Natsuru (Mikoto apparently does not believe Kaede would reciprocate his feelings) subsequently makes her even more nervous about her chances with him as well.
As a result, she enters their rivalry for Natsuru's affections. When she attended the Miss Seitetsu beauty contest of the school festival, she caught a bouquet that Kaede tossed with a Messenger hidden in it, consequently being turned into a Schwert-type Red Kämpfer armed with a katana. When in Kämpfer form, Mikoto's hair becomes a much lighter color and her uniform changes to a mostly reverse color of the original Seitetsu girls' uniform. Her love for curry shows itself to the point of her cooking and consuming it for every meal, even to the extent of bringing a large pot of it when she goes to sleep over in someone else's home. As a Kämpfer, the messenger assigned to Mikoto by the Moderators is Strangled Stray Dog, a plush toy that is part of the Entrails Animals series of stuffed toys.


The role of the Messenger (メッセンジャー, Messenjā) is mainly to assist those chosen to become Kämpfer in understanding the rules and mechanisms of Kämpfer combat. They take the form of Entrails Animals, stuffed animals that are notable for having their intestines sticking out from their bellies and names referring to different methods of death. Many of them have been described in the novels as having voices similar to those of specific real-life voice actors, who would in turn do the voices for them in the anime.[3] There are five major Messengers in the anime series.

Disemboweled Tiger (ハラキリ トラ, Harakiri Tora)
Voiced by: Michiko Nomura (Japanese); Margaret McDonald (English)[1][2]
Messenger for Natsuru in the form of a stabbed, scarred tiger that wears an eyepath and blood oozing from its mouth. In a scene where Natsuru was asked to turn on the TV in the hotel, it stated a preference for watching the Sazae-san anime; Michiko Nomura, who voices it, is also the voice of one of the characters in that show.
Black Seppuku Rabbit (セップク クロウサギ, Seppuku Kuro Usagi)
Voiced by: Yukari Tamura (Japanese); Juliet Simmons (English)[1][2]
Messenger for Akane in the form of an impaled rabbit which has bloodshot eyes and blood oozing from its mouth. It speaks with a sarcastic tone and has a foul mouth although it is on good terms with Harakiri Tora. Its voice was described as sounding like that of Yukari Tamura, who voices it in the anime.[3] In a scene where Natsuru was asked to turn on the TV in the hotel, it stated a preference for watching pay-channel pornography.
Electrocuted Wildcat (カンデン ヤマネコ, Kanden Yamaneko)
Voiced by: Nana Mizuki (Japanese); Kira Vincent-Davis (English)[1][2]
Messenger for Shizuku in the shape of a white wildcat with bristling fur to denote electric shock. It speaks in a lively voice that sounds like Nana Mizuki, likewise she voices it in the anime.[4] In a scene where Natsuru was asked to turn on the TV in the hotel, it stated a preference for watching Hanshin Tigers baseball games.
Strangled Stray Dog (チッソク ノライヌ, Chissoku Norainu)
Voiced by: Mamiko Noto (Japanese); Savanna Menzel (English)[1][2]
Messenger for Mikoto in the appearance of a strangled dog with a noose tied around its neck. It speaks with a soft, subdued voice typical of many characters voiced by Mamiko Noto, who in turn voices it in the anime. In a scene where Natsuru was asked to turn on the TV in the hotel, it stated a preference for watching rare commercials that are only broadcast in certain regions.
Burnt Alive Lion (ヒアブリ ライオン, Hiaburi Raion)
Voiced by: Kenji Utsumi (Japanese); Andrew Love (English)[1][2]
The oldest Messenger in the form of a black scorched lion. Its existence said to pre-date the Zōmotsu Animal toyline. The novel version of it does not have its guts hanging out of its body like the Entrails Animals after it, but the anime version does. It has the same shape as a character which Kaede imagined before, with a voice similar to that of a voice actor who performs voice-overs for foreign movie stars. Kaede got it by mere chance though it is very rare. In episode 11 of the anime, it reveals the reason behind the Kämpfer battles.
Exploding Penguin
Voiced by: Rie Kugimiya (Japanese); Katelyn Barr (English)[1][2]
A tsundere messenger that in the form of a penguin that has a suspended fish jumping out of its gaping mouth and its innards are pulled out from both the front and back. It is a parody to its seiyu's vocal specialty.

Supporting charactersEdit

Masumi Nishino (西乃 ますみ, Nishino Masumi)
Voiced by: Shiori Mikami (Japanese); Maggie Flecknoe (English)[1][2]
A member of the school's Newspaper Club, she is always after the scoops and has a habit of exaggerating her findings. She has long straight purple hair. She and Akane are childhood friends.
Chairman (委員長, Iin-chō)
Voiced by: Yūki Kobayashi (Japanese); Carli Mosier (English)[1][2]
The leader of the trio of girls in Female Nasturu's class who exploits the latter's popularity for fun and profit. She has short brown hair and glasses.
Vice-Chairman (副委員長, Fuku iin-chō)
Voiced by: Yuko Goto (Japanese); Allison Sumrall (English)[1][2]
One of the trio of girls in Female Nasturu class who exploits the latter's popularity. Unlike the others, she is attracted to the Female Natsuru and will not hesitate to be close to her when given the chance. She has short blond hair that covers part of her face.
Treasurer (会計, Kaikei)
Voiced by: Kazusa Aranami (Japanese); Elissa Cuellar (English)[1][2]
One of the trio of girls in Female Natsuru class who exploits the latter's popularity and who serves as the trio accountant. She tends to sell things to the Female Natsuru. She has short purple hair, and carries a calculator.[1]
Mikihito Higashida (東田 幹仁, Higashida Mikihito)
Voiced by: Yoshihisa Kawahara (Japanese); Joe Daniels (English)[1][2]
Male Natsuru's classmate who is the president of the Bishōjo Research Club (美少女研究会, Bishōjo Kenkyūkai), an underground club to admire the girls. He has spiky light brown hair.

White KämpfersEdit

The White Kämpfers are a group of Kämpfers who follow orders from Kaede, after receiving their messengers during the Miss Seitetsu contest. Their surnames are similar to some voice actresses, who in turn voiced them in the anime.

Rika Ueda (植田 理香, Ueda Rika)
Voiced by: Kana Ueda (Japanese); Natalie Rial (English)[2]
Schwert user armed with a kusarigama. She is a middle school student and she is the only character who wears a different school uniform.
Sayaka Nakao (中尾 沙也香, Nakao Sayaka)
Voiced by: Eri Nakao (Japanese); Christie Guidry (English)[2]
Schwert user armed with a sabre. She is incompetent and indecisive, and also acts like a tsundere.
Ryoka Yamakawa (山川 涼花, Yamakawa Ryōka)
Voiced by: Kotomi Yamakawa (Japanese); Caitlynn French (English)[2]
Gewehr user armed with an MAC-10 submachine gun. She seems to be afraid of everything, especially the Blue and Red Kampfer.
Hitomi Minagawa (皆川 瞳美, Minagawa Hitomi)
Voiced by: Junko Minagawa (Japanese); Shelby Blocker (English)[2]
Zauber user. She attacks by launching energy bolts against her enemies. She is a self-proclaimed tomboy, and she is noticeably tall and athletic in comparison to the other white Kampfer.


Light novelsEdit

The light novel series written by Toshihiko Tsukiji, with illustrations by Senmu, were released under Media Factory's MF Bunko J imprint, with 15 volumes released between November 24, 2006 and March 25, 2010. The main series covers 12 volumes, while the remaining three are short story collections.


A manga adaptation, written by Tsukiji and illustrated by Yu Tachibana, began serialization in the April 2008 issue of Monthly Comic Alive. The first tankōbon volume was released on October 23, 2008; ten volumes have been released and has been concluded as of September 26, 2018.


A 12-episode anime series adaptation produced by Nomad, directed by Yasuhiro Kuroda, and written by Kazuyuki Fudeyasu aired in Japan on TBS between October 2 and December 17, 2009.[5] The opening theme is "Unreal Paradise" (あんりある♥パラダイス) by Minami Kuribayashi and the ending theme is "One Way Ryō Omoi" (ワンウェイ両想い) by Marina Inoue and Megumi Nakajima. The anime has been licensed in North America by Sentai Filmworks. Distributor Section23 Films, through its Sentai Filmworks division, released the series in a complete collection on January 18, 2011.[6] An additional two episodes, titled Kämpfer für die Liebe (けんぷファー) für die Liebe(フュア ディ リーヴェ), Kenpufā Fyua di Rīve, lit. "Fighter for Love"), were screened at an event held at Odaiba Cinema Mediage theater in Tokyo on March 6, 2011,[7] with only one of the episodes aired on TBS on April 8, 2011.[8] Sentai Filmworks re-released the series on Blu-ray with an English dub on May 28, 2019.[9][10]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Character" (in Japanese). Starchild. Retrieved October 9, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Kampfer Official English Cast List". Sentai Filmworks. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Destiny: The Chosen Ones". Kampfer. Series 1. Episode 1.
  4. ^ "Glow: The Fight of Death Starts". Kampfer. Series 1. Episode 2.
  5. ^ "Kampfer Light Novels Have Anime in the Works". Anime News Network. March 17, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
  6. ^ "Section23 Films Adds Koihime†Musō, 11Eyes, Kampfer". Anime News Network. October 21, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  7. ^ "1 of 2 Kämpfer für die Liebe Episodes Will Not Air". Anime News Network. February 14, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  8. ^ "StarChild:けんぷファー für die Liebe" (in Japanese). StarChild. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
  9. ^ "Sentai Filmworks Announces Dub for Kämpfer Anime". Anime News Network. February 13, 2019. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  10. ^ "Kämpfer Complete Collection". Sentai Filmworks. Retrieved May 2, 2019.

External linksEdit