Jwauijeong

The Jwauijeong [tɕwa ɰi tɕʌŋ] was the Second State Councillor[1][2] of the Uijeongbu (State Council), subordinate in rank only to the Yeonguijeong, during the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (1392 -1910).[3] Only one official was appointed to the position and was variously referred to as Jwasang, Jwajeongseung, Jwagyu, Jwahap, or Jwadae.[3]

Jwauijeong
영의정하연부부영정3.jpg
Portrait of Ha Yeon who served as Jwauijeong during the King Sejong's reign.
Korean name
Hangul
좌의정/ 좌상/ 좌정승/ 좌규/ 좌합/ 좌대
Hanja
/ 左相/ 左政丞/ 左揆/ 左閤/ 左臺
Revised RomanizationJwauijeong[1]/ Jwasang / Jwajeongseung / Jwagyu / Jwahap / Jwadae
McCune–Reischauerchwaŭijŏng / chwasang/ chwakyu / chwahap / chwadae

Since its foundation, the Joseon Dynasty, which had succeeded to the state apparatus of the Goryeo Dynasty (918 – 1392), had been adjusting its government organization. In 1400, the second year after King Jeongjong came to the throne, he renamed the Dopyeonguisasa (都評議事司; Privy Council[4]), the highest organ in charge of the state affairs of Goryeo, to Uijeongbu and created the post of Jwauijeong along with that of Uuijeong (Third State Councillor[5]). The three officials were collectively referred to as the Samjeongseung (Three top officials[6]) or the Samuijeong (Three High Councilors).[3]

List of the Left State CouncillorsEdit

Name In office Kings Notes
Name in English Name in Hangul Name in Hanja
Bae Geuk-ryeom 배극렴 裵克廉 1392 Taejo as Munha Jwasijung (문하좌시중)
Jo Jun 조준 趙浚 1392-1399 Taejo as Munha Jwajeongseung (문하좌정승)
Sim Deok-bu 심덕부 沈德符 1399-1400 Jeongjong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Seong Seok-rin 성석린 成石璘 1400 Jeongjong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Min Je 민제 閔霽 1400 Jeongjong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Yi Geo-i 이거이 李居易 1400-1401 Jeongjong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Kim Sa-hyeong 김사형 金士衡 1401-1402 Taejong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Ha Ryun 하륜 河崙 1402-1404 Taejong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Jo Jun 조준 趙浚 1404-1405 Taejong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Ha Ryun 하륜 河崙 1405-1407 Taejong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Seong Seok-rin 성석린 成石璘 1407-1412 Jeongjong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Ha Ryun 하륜 河崙 1412-1414 Taejong as Munha Jwajeongseung
Nam Jae 남재 南在 1414-1415 Taejong
Ha Ryun 하륜 河崙 1415-1416 Taejong
Ryu Jeong-hyeon 류정현 柳廷顯 1416 Taejong
Park Eun 박은 朴訔 1416-1421 Taejong
Yi Won 이원 李原 1421-1426 Sejong
Ryu Jeong-hyeon 류정현 柳廷顯 1426 Taejong
Yi Jik 이직 李稷 1426-1427 Sejong
Hwang Hui 황희 黃喜 1427-1430 Sejong
Maeng Sa-seong 맹사성 孟思誠 1431-1435 Sejong
Choi Yun-deok 최윤덕 崔閏德 1435-1436 Sejong
Heo Jo 허조 許稠 1439 Sejong
Sin Gae 신개 申槩 1445-1446 Sejong
Ha Yeon 하연 河演 1447-1449 Sejong
Hwang-bo In 황보인 皇甫仁 1449-1451 Sejong
Nam Ji 남지 南智 1451-1452 Munjong
Kim Jong-seo 김종서 金宗瑞 1452-1453 Danjong
Jeong In-ji 정인지 鄭麟趾 1453-1455 Danjong
Han Hwak 한확 韓確 1455-1456 Sejo
Yi Sa-cheol 이사철 李思哲 1456 Sejo
Jeong Chang-son 정창손 鄭昌孫 1457-1458 Sejo
Gang Maeng-gyeong 강맹경 姜孟卿 1458-1459 Sejo
Sin Suk-ju 신숙주 申叔舟 1459-1462 Sejo
Gwon Ram 권람 權擥 1462-1463 Sejo
Han Myeong-hoe 한명회 韓明澮 1463-1464 Sejo
Gu Ji-gwan 구치관 具致寬 1464-1466 Sejo
Hwang Su-sin 황수신 黃守身 1466 Sejo
Sim Hoe 심회 沈澮 1466-1467 Sejo
Choe Hang 최항 崔恒 1467 Sejo
Jo Seok-mun 조석문 曺錫文 1467 Sejo
Hong Dal-son 홍달손 洪達孫 1467-1468 Sejo
Park Won-hyeong 박원형 朴元亨 1468 Sejo
Kim Jil 김질 金礩 1468-1469 Yejong
Hong Yun-seong 홍윤성 洪允成 1469 Yejong
Yun Ja-un 윤자운 尹子雲 1469-1470 Yejong
Kim Guk-gwang 김국광 金國光 1470-1471 Seongjong
Choe Hang 최항 崔恒 1471-1474 Seongjong
Han Myeong-hoe 한명회 韓明澮 1474-1476 Seongjong
Jo Seok-mun 조석문 曺錫文 1476 Seongjong
Sim Hoe 심회 沈澮 1476-1479 Seongjong
Yun Pil-sang 윤필상 尹弼商 1479-1485 Seongjong
Hong Eung 홍응 洪應 1485-1492 Seongjong
No Sa-sin 노사신 盧思愼 1492-1495 Seongjong
Shin Seung-seon 신승선 愼承善 1495 Yeonsangun
Jeong Gwal 정괄 鄭佸 1495 Yeonsangun
Eo Se-gyeom 어세겸 魚世謙 1496-1498 Yeonsangun
Han Chi-hyeong 한치형 韓致亨 1498-1500 Yeonsangun
Seong Jun 성준 成俊 1500-1503 Yeonsangun
Yi Geuk-gyun 이극균 李克均 1503-1504 Yeonsangun
Ryu Sun 류순 柳洵 1504 Yeonsangun
Heo Chim 허침 許琛 1504-1505 Yeonsangun
Park Sung-jil 박숭질 朴崇質 1505-1506 Yeonsangun
Shin Su-geun 신수근 愼守勤 1506 Yeonsangun
Kim Su-dong 김수동 金壽童 1506 Jungjong
Park Won-jong 박원종 朴元宗 1506-1509 Jungjong
Ryu Sun-jeong 류순정 柳順汀 1509-1512 Jungjong
Seong Hui-an 성희안 成希顔 1512-1513 Jungjong
Song Jil 송질 宋軼 1513 Jungjong
Jeong Gwang-pil 정광필 鄭光弼 1513-1516 Jungjong
Kim Eung-gi 김응기 金應箕 1516-1518 Jungjong
Shin Yong-gae 신용개 申用漑 1518-1519 Jungjong
An Dang 안당 安瑭 1519 Jungjong
Nam Gon 남곤 南袞 1519-1523 Jungjong
Yi Yu-cheong 이유청 李惟淸 1523-1527 Jungjong
Jeong Gwang-pil 정광필 鄭光弼 1527 Jungjong
Sim Jeong 심정 沈貞 1527-1530 Jungjong
Yi Hang 이항 李沆 1530-1531 Jungjong
Jang Sun-son 장순손 張順孫 1531-1533 Jungjong
Han Hyo-won 한효원 韓效元 1533-1534 Jungjong
Kim Geun-sa 김근사 金謹思 1534-1535 Jungjong
Kim Ahn-ro 김안로 金安老 1535-1537 Jungjong
Yun Eun-bo 윤은보 尹殷輔 1537 Jungjong
Ryu Bu 류부 柳溥 1537 Jungjong
Hong Eon-pil 홍언필 洪彦弼 1537-1545 Jungjong
Yun In-gyeong 윤인경 尹仁鏡 1545 Injong
Ryu Gwan 류관 柳灌 1545 Injong
Seong Se-chang 성세창 成世昌 1545 Myeongjong
Yi Gi 이기 李芑 1545-1548 Myeongjong
Hong Eon-pil 홍언필 洪彦弼 1548 Myeongjong
Yun In-gyeong 윤인경 尹仁鏡 1548 Myeongjong
Hwang Heon 황헌 黃憲 1548-1549 Myeongjong
Sim Yeon-won 심연원 沈連源 1549-1551 Myeongjong
Sang Jin 상진 尙震 1551-1558 Myeongjong
Yun Gae 윤개 尹漑 1558 Myeongjong
An Hyeon 안현 安玹 1558-1560 Myeongjong
Yi Jun-gyeong 이준경 李浚慶 1560-1564 Myeongjong
Sim Tong-won 심통원 沈通源 1564-1565 Myeongjong
Yi Myeong 이명 李蓂 1565-1567 Myeongjong, Seonjo
Gwon Cheol 권철 權轍 1567-1571 Seonjo
Hong Seom 홍섬 洪暹 1571-1573 Seonjo
Park Sun 박순 朴淳 1573-1574 Seonjo
Yi Tak 이탁 李鐸 1574 Seonjo
Park Sun 박순 朴淳 1574-1576 Seonjo
Hong Seom 홍섬 洪暹 1576-1578 Seonjo
No Su-sin 노수신 盧守愼 1578-1581 Seonjo
Kim Gwi-yeong 김귀영 金貴榮 1581-1583 Seonjo
Jeong Yu-gil 정유길 鄭惟吉 1583-1584 Seonjo
No Su-sin 노수신 盧守愼 1584-1585 Seonjo
Jeong Yu-gil 정유길 鄭惟吉 1585-1588 Seonjo
Ryu Jeon 류전 柳琠 1588-1589 Seonjo
Yi San-hae 이산해 李山海 1589-1590 Seonjo
Jeong Cheol 정철 鄭澈 1590-1591 Seonjo
Ryu Seong-ryong 류성룡 柳成龍 1591-1592 Seonjo
Yi Yang-won 이양원 李陽元 1592 Seonjo
Choi Heung-won 최흥원 崔興源 1592 Seonjo
Yun Doo-su 윤두수 尹斗壽 1592-1594 Seonjo
Yu Hong 유홍 兪泓 1594 Seonjo
Kim Eung-nam 김응남 金應南 1595-1597 Seonjo
Yun Doo-su 윤두수 尹斗壽 1598 Seonjo
Yi Won-ik 이원익 李元翼 1598 Seonjo
Yi Deok-hyeong 이덕형 李德馨 1598-1599 Seonjo
Sim Su-gyeong 심수경 沈守慶 1599 Seonjo
Yi Deok-hyeong 이덕형 李德馨 1599 Seonjo
Yi Hang-bok 이항복 李恒福 1599 Seonjo
Yi Deok-hyeong 이덕형 李德馨 1599 Seonjo
Yi Heon-guk 이헌국 李憲國 1599-1600 Seonjo
Yi Hang-bok 이항복 李恒福 1600 Seonjo
Jeong Tak 정탁 鄭琢 1600 Seonjo
Yi Won-ik 이원익 李元翼 1600 Seonjo
Yi Hang-bok 이항복 李恒福 1600 Seonjo
Yi Heon-guk 이헌국 李憲國 1600-1601 Seonjo
Kim Myeong-won 김명원 金命元 1601-1602 Seonjo
Yun Seung-hun 윤승훈 尹承勳 1602-1604 Seonjo
Ryu Yeong-gyeong 류영경 柳永慶 1604 Seonjo
Gi Ja-heon 기자헌 奇自獻 1604-1606 Seonjo
Sim Hui-su 심희수 沈喜壽 1606 Seonjo
Heo Uk 허욱 許頊 1606-1608 Seonjo
Gi Ja-heon 기자헌 奇自獻 1608 Gwanghaegun
Yi Hang-bok 이항복 李恒福 1608-1611 Gwanghaegun
Yi Deok-hyeong 이덕형 李德馨 1611-1612 Gwanghaegun
Yi Hang-bok 이항복 李恒福 1612-1613 Gwanghaegun
Jeong In-hong 정인홍 鄭仁弘 1614-1617 Gwanghaegun
Jeong Chang-yeon 정창연 鄭昌衍 1617-1618 Gwanghaegun
Han Hyo-sun 한효순 韓孝純 1618 Gwanghaegun
Min Mong-ryong 민몽룡 閔夢龍 1618 Gwanghaegun
Park Seung-jong 박승종 朴承宗 1618-1619 Gwanghaegun
Park Hong-gu 박홍구 朴弘耉 1619-1623 Gwanghaegun
Jeong Chang-yeon 정창연 鄭昌衍 1623 Injo
Yun Bang 윤방 尹昉 1623-1627 Injo
Shin Heum 신흠 申欽 1627 Injo
O Yun-gyeom 오윤겸 吳允謙 1627-1628 Injo
Kim Ryu 김류 金瑬 1628-1631 Injo
Yi Jeong-gu 이정구 李廷龜 1631-1632 Injo
Kim Ryu 김류 金瑬 1633 Injo
O Yun-gyeom 오윤겸 吳允謙 1633-1636 Injo
Hong Seo-bong 홍서봉 洪瑞鳳 1636-1637 Injo
Yi Seong-gu 이성구 李聖求 1637 Injo
Choe Myeong-gil 최명길 崔鳴吉 1637-1638 Injo
Shin Gyeong-jin 신경진 申景禛 1638-1643 Injo
Sin Yeol 심열 沈悅 1643 Injo
Sin Gi-won 심기원 沈器遠 1643 Injo
Kim Ja-jeom 김자점 金自點 1643-1644 Injo
Sin Yeol 심열 沈悅 1644 Injo
Hong Seo-bong 홍서봉 洪瑞鳳 1644 Injo
Sin Yeol 심열 沈悅 1644-1645 Injo
Hong Seo-bong 홍서봉 洪瑞鳳 1645 Injo
Kim Ja-jeom 김자점 金自點 1646 Injo
Kim Sang-heon 김상헌 金尙憲 1646 Injo
Yi Gyeong-seok 이경석 李景奭 1647 Injo
Nam Yi-ung 남이웅 南以雄 1648 Injo
Yi Gyeong-seok 이경석 李景奭 1648-1649 Injo
Kim Sang-heon 김상헌 金尙憲 1649 Hyojong
Jeong Tae-hwa 정태화 鄭太和 1649 Hyojong
Jo Ik 조익 趙翼 1649-1650 Hyojong
Jeong Tae-hwa 정태화 鄭太和 1650 Hyojong
Jo Ik 조익 趙翼 1649-1650 Hyojong
Yi Si-baek 이시백 李時白 1650-1651 Hyojong
Kim Yuk 김육 金堉 1651-1654 Hyojong
Yi Si-baek 이시백 李時白 1654 Hyojong
Gu In-hu 구인후 具仁垕 1654-1656 Hyojong
Sim Ji-won 심지원 沈之源 1656-1657 Hyojong
Won Doo-pyo 원두표 元斗杓 1657-1659 Hyojong
Sim Ji-won 심지원 沈之源 1659-1662 Hyeonjong
Won Doo-pyo 원두표 元斗杓 1662-1664 Hyeonjong
Hong Myeong-ha 홍명하 洪命夏 1664-1667 Hyeonjong
Heo Jeok 허적 許積 1667 Hyeonjong
Jeong Chi-hwa 정치화 鄭致和 1668 Hyeonjong
Heo Jeok 허적 許積 1668-1671 Hyeonjong
Jeong Chi-hwa 정치화 鄭致和 1671-1672 Hyeonjong
Song Si-yeol 송시열 宋時烈 1672 Hyeonjong
Kim Su-hang 김수항 金壽恒 1672-1673 Hyeonjong
Yi Gyeong-eok 이경억 李慶億 1673 Hyeonjong
Song Si-yeol 송시열 宋時烈 1673 Hyeonjong
Jeong Ji-hwa 정지화 鄭知和 1674 Hyeonjong
Kim Su-hang 김수항 金壽恒 1674 Hyeonjong
Jeong Chi-hwa 정치화 鄭致和 1674-1675 Sukjong
Kim Su-hang 김수항 金壽恒 1675 Sukjong
Gwon Dae-un 권대운 權大運 1675-1679 Sukjong
Min Hui 민희 閔熙 1679-1680 Sukjong
Jeong Ji-hwa 정지화 鄭知和 1680 Sukjong
Min Jeong-jung 민정중 閔鼎重 1680-1684 Sukjong
Jeong Ji-hwa 정지화 鄭知和 1684-1685 Sukjong
Min Jeong-jung 민정중 閔鼎重 1685 Sukjong
Jeong Ji-hwa 정지화 鄭知和 1685 Sukjong
Nam Gu-man 남구만 南九萬 1685-1687 Sukjong
Yi Dang-ha 이단하 李端夏 1687 Sukjong
Jo Sa-seok 조사석 趙師錫 1688-1689 Sukjong
Ye Seong-je 여성제 呂聖齊 1689 Sukjong
Mok Nae-seon 목내선 睦來善 1689-1694 Sukjong
Min Am 민암 閔黯 1694 Sukjong
Park Se-chae 박세채 朴世采 1694-1695 Sukjong
Ryu Sang-un 류상운 柳尙運 1695-1696 Sukjong
Yun Ji-seon 윤지선 尹趾善 1696-1698 Sukjong
Yi Se-baek 이세백 李世白 1698-1699 Sukjong
Choi Seok-jeong 최석정 崔錫鼎 1699 Sukjong
Yi Se-baek 이세백 李世白 1700-1703 Sukjong
Shin Wan 신완 申琓 1703 Sukjong
Yi Ye 이여 李畲 1703-1705 Sukjong
Seo Jong-tae 서종태 徐宗泰 1706-1707 Sukjong
Kim Chang-jip 김창집 金昌集 1707 Sukjong
Yi Yu 이유 李濡 1707-1708 Sukjong
Yi Yi-myeong 이이명 李頣命 1709 Sukjong
Seo Jong-tae 서종태 徐宗泰 1709-1711 Sukjong
Kim Chang-jip 김창집 金昌集 1711-1712 Sukjong
Seo Jong-tae 서종태 徐宗泰 1712 Sukjong
Yi Yi-myeong 이이명 李頣命 1713 Sukjong
Kim Chang-jip 김창집 金昌集 1713-1717 Sukjong
Yi Yi-myeong 이이명 李頣命 1717 Sukjong
Gwon Sang-ha 권상하 權尙夏 1717-1720 Sukjong
Yi Gyeon-myeong 이건명 李健命 1720-1721 Gyeongjong
Choi Gyu-seo 최규서 崔奎瑞 1721-1723 Gyeongjong
Choe Seok-hang 최석항 崔錫恒 1723-1724 Gyeongjong
Yi Gwang-jwa 이광좌 李光佐 1724 Yeongjo
Ryu Bong-hwi 류봉휘 柳鳳輝 1724-1725 Yeongjo
Jo Tae-eok 조태억 趙泰億 1725 Yeongjo
Jeong Ho 정호 鄭澔 1725 Yeongjo
Min Jin-won 민진원 閔鎭遠 1725-1726 Yeongjo
Hong Chi-jung 홍치중 洪致中 1726-1727 Yeongjo
Jo Tae-eok 조태억 趙泰億 1727-1728 Yeongjo
Hong Chi-jung 홍치중 洪致中 1728-1729 Yeongjo
Yi Tae-jwa 이태좌 李台佐 1729 Yeongjo
Yi Jip 이집 李㙫 1730-1731 Yeongjo
Jo Mun-myeong 조문명 趙文命 1732 Yeongjo
Seo Myeong-gyun 서명균 徐命均 1732-1735 Yeongjo
Kim Jae-ro 김재로 金在魯 1735-1740 Yeongjo
Song In-myeong 송인명 宋寅明 1740-1746 Yeongjo
Jeong Seok-o 정석오 鄭錫五 1746-1747 Yeongjo
Jo Hyeon-myeong 조현명 趙顯命 1747-1749 Yeongjo
Kim Yak-ro 김약로 金若魯 1749-1751 Yeongjo
Jo Hyeon-myeong 조현명 趙顯命 1751 Yeongjo
Yi Jong-seong 이종성 李宗城 1752 Yeongjo
Yi Cheon-bo 이천보 李天輔 1752-1754 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-ro 김상로 金尙魯 1754-1758 Yeongjo
Shin Man 신만 申晩 1758-1759 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-ro 김상로 金尙魯 1759 Yeongjo
Shin Man 신만 申晩 1759-1760 Yeongjo
Yi Hu 이후 李𪻶 1760-1761 Yeongjo
Hong Bong-han 홍봉한 洪鳳漢 1761 Yeongjo
Jeong Hwi-ryang 정휘량 鄭翬良 1761 Yeongjo
Hong Bong-han 홍봉한 洪鳳漢 1762-1763 Yeongjo
Yun Dong-do 윤동도 尹東度 1763-1765 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-bok 김상복 金相福 1765-1766 Yeongjo
Kim Chi-in 김치인 金致仁 1766 Yeongjo
Yun Dong-do 윤동도 尹東度 1766 Yeongjo
Han Ik-mo 한익모 韓翼謩 1766-1768 Yeongjo
Kim Yang-taek 김양택 金陽澤 1768 Yeongjo
Han Ik-mo 한익모 韓翼謩 1768 Yeongjo
Kim Yang-taek 김양택 金陽澤 1768-1769 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-bok 김상복 金相福 1769-1770 Yeongjo
Han Ik-mo 한익모 韓翼謩 1770-1772 Yeongjo
Sin Hoe 신회 申晦 1772 Yeongjo
Yi Eun 이은 李溵 1772 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-cheol 김상철 金尙喆 1772 Yeongjo
Yi Chang-ui 이창의 李昌誼 1772 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-cheol 김상철 金尙喆 1772 Yeongjo
Yi Eun 이은 李溵 1772-1773 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-cheol 김상철 金尙喆 1773-1774 Yeongjo
Yi Eun 이은 李溵 1774 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-cheol 김상철 金尙喆 1774 Yeongjo
Yi Eun 이은 李溵 1774 Yeongjo
Yi Sa-gwan 이사관 李思觀 1774-1775 Yeongjo
Hong In-han 홍인한 洪麟漢 1775 Yeongjo
Yi Sa-gwan 이사관 李思觀 1775-1776 Yeongjo
Yi Eun 이은 李溵 1776 Yeongjo
Sin Hoe 신회 申晦 1776 Yeongjo
Kim Sang-cheol 김상철 金尙喆 1776 Jeongjo
Jeong Jon-gyeom 정존겸 鄭存謙 1776 Jeongjo
Kim Sang-cheol 김상철 金尙喆 1776-1777 Jeongjo
Jeong Jon-gyeom 정존겸 鄭存謙 1777-1778 Jeongjo
Seo Myeong-seon 서명선 徐命善 1778-1779 Jeongjo
Hong Nak-sun 홍낙순 洪樂純 1779-1780 Jeongjo
Yi Eun 이은 李溵 1780 Jeongjo
Seo Myeong-seon 서명선 徐命善 1780-1781 Jeongjo
Hong Nak-sun 홍낙순 洪樂純 1782 Jeongjo
Yi Bok-won 이복원 李福源 1782-1783 Jeongjo
Hong Nak-sun 홍낙순 洪樂純 1783 Jeongjo
Yi Bok-won 이복원 李福源 1783-1784 Jeongjo
Hong Nak-sun 홍낙순 洪樂純 1784-1786 Jeongjo
Yi Bok-won 이복원 李福源 1786-1787 Jeongjo
Yi Jae-hyeop 이재협 李在協 1787-1788 Jeongjo
Yi Seong-won 이성원 李性源 1788-1789 Jeongjo
Yi Jae-hyeop 이재협 李在協 1789 Jeongjo
Chae Je-gong 채제공 蔡濟恭 1789-1793 Jeongjo
Kim Jong-su 김종수 金鍾秀 1793 Jeongjo
Kim I-so 김이소 金履素 1793-1795 Jeongjo
Yu Eon-ho 유언호 兪彦鎬 1795 Jeongjo
Chae Je-gong 채제공 蔡濟恭 1795-1798 Jeongjo
Yi Byeong-mo 이병모 李秉模 1798-1799 Jeongjo
Sim Hwan-ji 심환지 沈煥之 1799-1800 Jeongjo
Yi Si-su 이시수 李時秀 1800-1802 Sunjo
Seo Ryong-bo 서룡보 徐龍輔 1803-1804 Sunjo
Yi Si-su 이시수 李時秀 1804 Sunjo
Seo Mae-su 서매수 徐邁修 1804-1805 Sunjo
Yi Gyeong-il 이경일 李敬一 1805 Sunjo
Han Yong-gwi 한용귀 韓用龜 1805-1806 Sunjo
Seo Ryong-bo 서룡보 徐龍輔 1806 Sunjo
Yi Si-su 이시수 李時秀 1806-1808 Sunjo
Kim Jae-chan 김재찬 金載瓚 1808-1812 Sunjo
Han Yong-gwi 한용귀 韓用龜 1812-1817 Sunjo
Kim Jae-chan 김재찬 金載瓚 1817 Sunjo
Kim Sa-mok 김사목 金思穆 1819 Sunjo
Nam-gong-cheol 남공철 南公轍 1821-1822 Sunjo
Yi Sang-hwang 이상황 李相璜 1824-1829 Sunjo
Yi Jon-su 이존수 李存秀 1829 Sunjo
Yi Sang-hwang 이상황 李相璜 1829-1833 Sunjo
Sim Sang-gyu 심상규 沈象奎 1833-1834 Sunjo
Hong Seok-ju 홍석주 洪奭周 1834-1836 Sunjo, Heonjong
Park Jong-hun 박종훈 朴宗薰 1837-1838 Heonjong
Kim Hong-geun 김홍근 金弘根 1838-1842 Heonjong
Jeong Won-yong 정원용 鄭元容 1842-1843 Heonjong
Gwon Don-in 권돈인 權敦仁 1843-1845 Heonjong
Kim Do-hui 김도희 金道喜 1845-1850 Heonjong, Cheoljong
Jeong Won-yong 정원용 鄭元容 1850 Cheoljong
Kim Heung-geun 김흥근 金興根 1851 Cheoljong
Park Yeong-won 박영원 朴永元 1852 Cheoljong
Yi Heon-gu 이헌구 李憲球 1852-1853 Cheoljong
Kim Do-hui 김도희 金道喜 1856-1857 Cheoljong
Jo Du-sun 조두순 趙斗淳 1858 Cheoljong
Park Hoe-su 박회수 朴晦壽 1859-1860 Cheoljong
Jo Du-sun 조두순 趙斗淳 1860-1864 Cheoljong, Gojong
Yi Yu-won 이유원 李裕元 1864-1865 Gojong
Kim Byeong-hak 김병학 金炳學 1865-1867 Gojong
Ryu Hu-jo 류후조 柳厚祚 1867 Gojong
Yi Yu-won 이유원 李裕元 1868 Gojong
Gang Ro 강로 姜㳣 1872-1873 Gojong
Yi Choe-eung, Prince Heung-in 흥인군 이최응 興寅君 李最應 1874-1875 Gojong
Kim Byeong-guk 김병국 金炳國 1878-1882 Gojong
Seo Dang-bo 서당보 徐堂輔 1882 Gojong
Song Geun-su 송근수 宋近洙 1882 Gojong
Kim Byeong-guk 김병국 金炳國 1882-1884 Gojong
Yi Jae-won, Prince Wan-rim 완림군 이재원 完林君 李載元 1884 Gojong
Shim Soon-taek 심순택 沈舜澤 1884 Gojong
Kim Hong-jip 김홍집 金弘集 1884 Gojong
Kim Byeong-deok 김병덕 金炳德 1885 Gojong
Kim Byeong-si 김병시 金炳始 1886 Gojong
Kim Hong-jip 김홍집 金弘集 1886 Gojong
Kim Byeong-si 김병시 金炳始 1886 Gojong
Kim Hong-jip 김홍집 金弘集 1887-1888 Gojong
Kim Byeong-si 김병시 金炳始 1888 Gojong
Song Geun-su 송근수 宋近洙 1892 Gojong
Jo Byeong-se 조병세 趙秉世 1893-1894 Gojong last Jwauijeong

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "좌의정(左議政 ), Jwauijeong" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  2. ^ Choi (2006), The Origin of the Roman Catholic Church in Korea p. 372
  3. ^ a b c 좌의정 (左議政) (in Korean). Empas /EncyKorea. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  4. ^ "도평의사사 (都評議使司), Dopyeonguisasa" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  5. ^ "우의정(右議政), uuijeong" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
  6. ^ "정승(政丞), Jeongseung" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-29.