Hwang Hui (1363–1452) was a politician of the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties, who came from the Jangsu Hwang clan and served as prime minister of the Joseon dynasty from 1431 to 1449.

Hwang Hui
Chief State Councillor
In office
8 October 1431 – 21 October 1449
Preceded byGu Jong-gil
Succeeded byHa Yeon
Left State Councillor
In office
21 February 1427 – 9 December 1430
Preceded byYi Jik
Succeeded byMaeng Sa-seong
Right State Councillor
In office
18 July 1426 – 21 February 1427
Preceded byCho Yeon
Succeeded byMaeng Sa-seong
Personal details
Spouse(s)Lady Choe
Lady, of the Cheongju Yang clan
  • Lady Hwang
  • Hwang Chi-sin
  • Hwang Bo-sin
  • Hwang Su-sin
  • Hwang Jik-sin
  • Lady Hwang
  • Hwang Gun-seo (father)
  • Lady, of the Yonggung Gim clan (mother)
Korean name
Revised RomanizationHwang Hui
McCune–ReischauerHwang Hŭi
Art name
Revised RomanizationBangchon
Childhood name
Revised RomanizationSuro
Courtesy name
Revised RomanizationGubu
Posthumous name
Revised RomanizationIkseong

Biography edit

Hwang Hui was an official of Goryeo. He became an official of Joseon in 1394. Hwang Hui was once banished from Seoul because he advocated Yangnyeong, the eldest prince of King Taejong, despite his bad behavior in 1418. After King Sejong the Great's enthronement, Hwang Hui got reappointed and held many ministerial posts. Hwang Hui was appointed as a prime minister in 1431 and served until 1449. He retired from the government after 18 years.

Achievement edit

He distributed grain seeds for improving farming, and ordered each province to plant a lot of mulberry trees to enrich human life. In addition, the publication of 'economic land' was divided into '續 典' and '集', which allowed the contents to be duplicated, omitted or separated from the content and reality.[1]

Meanwhile, a defense measure was taken to prevent the North's wildling and southern regions by paying attention to defense issues. And in an effort to obtain a wide range of good manners, the etiquette of Goryeo was revised and supplemented, taking into account the reality of the Ming and Joseon dynasties.[1]

Description of Hwang Hui edit

He served as the Yeonguijeong, the highest ranking of three appointed royal prime ministers (the others being Uuijeong and Jwaguijeong) for a total of 18 years with a total of 24 years service to the monarchy. He was noted for his political philosophy that stated, “That which is just takes priority and must be enacted.” Priorities during his administration included agricultural improvement, mitigating laws that increased social class gaps, and providing opportunities for candidates born out of wedlock or from concubines to take the civil service examination.[2]

Family edit

  • Father: Hwang Gun-seo (황군서, 黃君瑞; 1328–1402)
  • Mother: Lady Kim of the Yonggung Kim clan (용궁 김씨; d. 1427) – initially a slave who become Hwang Gun-seo's concubine.
  • Wives and children:
    • Lady Choe (최씨); daughter of Choe-An (최안; 崔安)
      • 1st daughter: Lady Hwang (황씨)
    • Lady Yang of the Cheongju Yang clan (정경부인 청주 양씨); daughter of Yang Jin (양진; 楊震) and they married in 1388.
      • 1st son: Hwang Chi-sin (황치신; 黃致身)
      • 2nd son: Hwang Bo-sin (황보신; 黃保身)
      • 3rd son: Hwang Su-sin (황수신; 黃守身)
      • 4th son: Hwang Jik-sin (황직신; 黃直身);
      • 2nd daughter: Lady Hwang (황씨)

In popular culture edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b "황희(黃喜)". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  2. ^ "::장수황씨 대종회". jangsu.hwang.co.kr. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011.
  3. ^ "KBS대하드라마 대왕세종". Korean Broadcasting System. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  4. ^ "뿌리깊은 나무". programs.sbs.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  5. ^ "나는 왕이로소이다" (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  6. ^ "단막극 <퐁당퐁당 love>". www.imbc.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  7. ^ "권화운, '스카이캐슬' 캐스팅..정준호·조재윤과 호흡". Star News. November 11, 2020.
  8. ^ "KBS 드라마 장영실". Korean Broadcasting System (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-05-20.