Bak Wonjong

Bak Wonjong or Park Won-jong (Korean박원종; Hanja朴元宗, 1467-1510) was a Korean politician and soldier during the Joseon Dynasty,who served as Yeonguijeong or Chief State Councillor from 1506 to 1510. He was a major leader of the Jungjong coup who had brought King Jungjong to the throne.[1] His courtesy name was Baekyun (백윤, 伯胤).[2] He was the uncle of Yun Im and Queen Janggyeong, the wife of King Jungjong of Joseon.[3] He was the foster father of Royal Noble Consort Gyeong of Miryang Park clan (경빈 박씨), a concubine of King Jungjong.

Park Won-jong
박원종
Chief State Councillor
In office
9 November 1509 – 13 April 1510
Preceded byRyu Sun
Succeeded byKim Su-dong
Left State Councillor
In office
26 October 1506 – 9 November 1509
Preceded byKim Su-dong
Succeeded byRyu Sun-jeong
Right State Councillor
In office
29 September 1506 – 26 October 1506
Preceded byKim Su-dong
Succeeded byRyu Sun-jeong
Personal details
Born1467
Died1510 (aged 42–43)
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationBak Wonjong
McCune–ReischauerPak Wŏnchong
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationBaekyun
McCune–ReischauerPaekyun

FamilyEdit

  • Grandfather
    • Park Geo-so (박거소, 朴去疎)
  • Grandmother
    • Lady Sim of the Cheongseong Sim clan (청송 심씨, 靑松 沈氏)[4][5][6]
  • Father
    • Park Jong-seon (1435 – 1481) (박중선, 朴仲善)
      • Uncle - Park Suk-seon (박숙선, 朴叔善)
  • Mother
  • Siblings
    • Older sister - Grand Internal Princess Consort Seungpyeong of the Suncheon Park clan (승평부대부인 박씨, 昇平府大夫人 朴氏) (1455 - 20 July 1506)
      • Brother-in-law - Grand Prince Wolsan (월산대군, 月山大君) (5 January 1454 - 22 January 1488); Queen Insu’s son
        • Half-nephew - Yi Yi, Prince Deokpung (덕풍군 이이, 德豊君 李恞) (20 August 1485 - 26 March 1506)
          • Half niece-in-law - Lady Papyeong of the Papyeong Yun clan (파평현부인 윤씨, 坡平縣夫人 尹氏) (1485 - 16 January 1536)
    • Older sister - Lady Park of the Suncheon Park clan (순천 박씨, 順天 朴氏)
      • Brother-in-law - Shin Mu-jeong (신무정, 辛武鼎)
    • Older sister - Lady Park of the Suncheon Park clan (순천 박씨, 順天 朴氏)
      • Brother-in-law - Lee Dak (이탁, 李鐸)
    • Older sister - Lady Park of the Suncheon Park clan (순천 박씨, 順天 朴氏)
      • Brother-in-law - Han Ik (한익, 韓翊) (1460 - 1488)[7]
        • Nephew - Han Se-chang (한세창, 韓世昌)
        • Nephew - Han Suk-chang (한숙창, 韓叔昌) (1478 - 1537)[8]
    • Older sister - Lady Park of the Suncheon Park clan (순천 박씨, 順天 朴氏)
      • Brother-in-law - Kim Jun (김준, 金俊)
    • Younger sister - Lady Suncheon of the Suncheon Park clan (순천부부인 순천 박씨, 順天府夫人 順天 朴氏)
      • Brother-in-law - Yun Yeo-Pil (1466 – 1555) (윤여필, 尹汝弼)[9]
        • Niece - Lady Papyeong of the Papyeong Yun clan (파평현부인 윤씨, 坡平縣夫人 尹氏) (1485 - 16 January 1536)
        • Niece - Princess Consort Papyeong of the Papyeong Yun clan (파평군부인 윤씨, 坡平郡夫人 尹氏)
        • Nephew - Yun Im (윤임, 尹任) (1487 - 30 August 1545)
        • Niece - Yun Cheon-deok (윤천덕, 尹千德), Lady Yun of the Papyeong Yun clan (1488 - ?)
        • Niece - Queen Janggyeong of the Papyeong Yun clan (장경왕후 윤씨) (10 August 1491 - 16 March 1515)
        • Niece - Lady Yun of the Papyeong Yun clan (윤씨, 尹氏)
        • Half-niece - Yun Ok-chun (윤옥춘, 尹玉春) (1518 - ?)
    • Younger sister - Princess Consort Seungpyeong of the Suncheon Park clan (승평부부인 순천 박씨, 昇平府夫人 順天朴氏)
      • Brother-in-law - Grand Prince Jean (제안대군, 齊安大君) (13 February 1466 - 14 December 1525); Queen Ansun’s son
        • Adoptive nephew - Prince Yi Pa (이파, 李葩) (13 January 1515 - 15 September 1571)
  • Wives and their children
    • Lady Yun of the Papyeong Yun clan (파평 윤씨)
      • Adoptive daughter - Royal Noble Consort Gyeong of the Miryang Park clan (경빈 박씨, 敬嬪 朴氏) (1492 - 1533)
        • Adoptive son-in-law - King Jungjong of Joseon (조선 중종)
          • Adoptive grandson - Yi Mi, Prince Bokseong (28 September 1509 – 18 June 1533) (이미 복성군)
          • Adoptive granddaughter - Princess Hyesun (12 February 1512–1583) (혜순옹주)
          • Adoptive granddaughter - Princess Hyejeong (27 October 1514–1580) (혜정공주)
    • Unnamed concubine
      • Son - Park On (박운, 朴雲)

Popular cultureEdit

DramaEdit

  • Portrayed by Jo Gyeong-hwan in the 1985 MBC TV series 500 Years of Joseon: The Wind Orchid
  • Portrayed by Lee Dong-jun in the 1995 MBC TV series Jang Noksu
  • Portrayed by Kim Byeong-gi in the 1996 KBS TV series Jo Gwang-jo
  • Portrayed by Cha Gwang-su in the 1998-2000 KBS TV series The King and Queen
  • Portrayed by Kim Yeong-in in the 2001-2002 SBS TV series Ladies of the Palace
  • Portrayed by Lee Chang-hwan in the 2003-2004 MBC TV series Dae Jang Geum
  • Portrayed by Cha Ki-hwan in the 2007-2008 SBS TV series The King and I
  • Portrayed by Park Su-il in the 2011-2012 JTBC TV series Insu, The Queen Mother
  • Portrayed by Choi Dae-chul in the 2017 MBC TV series The Rebel.
  • Portrayed by Park Won-sang in the 2017 KBS2 TV series Queen for Seven Days.

FilmEdit


See alsoEdit

site webEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bak Wonjong (in Korean)
  2. ^ 최완기. "박원종(朴元宗) - 한국민족문화대백과사전". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Retrieved 16 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Queen Janggyeong and Yun Im were the offspring of Bak Wonjong's sister.
  4. ^ Daughter of Sim On and 5th younger sister of Queen Soheon
  5. ^ Her older brother, Sim Jun (심준, 沈濬) (? - 1448), married Queen Wongyeong’s niece, Lady Min of the Yeoheung Min clan
  6. ^ Queen Wongyeong’s nephew, No Mul-jae (노물재, 盧物栽) (1396 - 1446), married her second older sister
  7. ^ The grandson of Han Hwak and a nephew of Queen Insu (through her 3rd older brother, Han Chi-rye (한치례, 韓致禮))
  8. ^ The maternal step-grandfather of Heo Nanseolheon
  9. ^ He is an ascendant of Royal Consort Hee-bi of the Papyeong Yun clan (a concubine of King Chunghye of Goryeo), Queen Jeonghui and Queen Jeonghyeon through his father