José Relvas

José Maria de Mascarenhas Relvas de Campos (Golegã, Golegã, 5 March 1858 – Alpiarça, Casa dos Patudos, 31 October 1929; Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ ˈʁɛɫvɐʃ], was a Portuguese politician and 70th Prime Minister of Portugal.

José Relvas
José Relvas (Photographia Guedes).png
Minister of Finance
In office
12 October 1910 – 3 September 1911
Prime MinisterTeófilo Braga
(as President of the Provisional Government)
Preceded byBasílio Teles (did not take office)
Anselmo de Andrade (effective)
Succeeded byDuarte Leite
70th Prime Minister of Portugal
(16th of the Republic)
In office
27 January 1919 – 30 March 1919
PresidentJoão do Canto e Castro
Preceded byJoão Tamagini Barbosa
Succeeded byDomingos Pereira
Minister of the Interior
In office
27 January 1919 – 30 March 1919
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byJoão Tamagnini Barbosa
Succeeded byDomingos Pereira
Personal details
Born(1858-03-05)5 March 1858
Golegã, Kingdom of Portugal
Died31 October 1929(1929-10-31) (aged 71)
Alpiarça, Portuguese Republic
Political partyPortuguese Republican Party
(later Democratic Party)
Spouse(s)Eugénia de Loureiro Queirós Couto Leitão
ChildrenCarlos, João, Maria Luísa
Alma materUniversity of Coimbra
OccupationLand owner
and farmer
Signature

Political careerEdit

An historic republican, it was he who proclaimed the republic from the balcony of the Municipal Chamber of Lisbon, on 5 October 1910. He was the second Minister of Finance during the provisional government led by Teófilo Braga, from 12 October 1910 to 3 September 1911.

After that, he served as ambassador of Portugal in Madrid, from 1911 to 1914. He was President of the Ministry (103rd Prime Minister), from 27 January to 30 March 1919, in one of the many short-lived governments of the Portuguese First Republic. His house in Alpiarça is now a museum, the Casa dos Patudos, where his art collection is exhibited.

ReferencesEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

1919
Succeeded by