João do Canto e Castro

João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes (19 May 1862, in Lisbon – 14 March 1934, in Lisbon), commonly known simply as João do Canto e Castro was a Portuguese Navy officer and the fifth President of Portugal, during the First Portuguese Republic. He also briefly served as 67th Prime Minister of Portugal.[1]

João do Canto e Castro
Canto e Castro (official).jpg
Portrait by Henrique Medina, 1933.
President of Portugal
In office
16 December 1918 – 5 October 1919
Prime MinisterJoão Tamagnini Barbosa
José Relvas
Domingos Pereira
Alfredo de Sá Cardoso
Preceded bySidónio Pais
Succeeded byAntónio José de Almeida
Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
15 December 1918 – 23 December 1918
Preceded bySidónio Pais
Succeeded byJoão Tamagnini Barbosa
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
4 December 1918 – 15 December 1918
PresidentSidónio Pais
Preceded byAntónio Egas Moniz
Succeeded byAntónio Egas Moniz
Minister of the Navy
In office
7 September 1918 – 15 December 1918
PresidentSidónio Pais
Preceded byAlfredo Magalhães
Succeeded byAlfredo Magalhães
Personal details
Born
João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes

(1862-05-19)19 May 1862
Lisbon, Portugal
Died14 March 1934(1934-03-14) (aged 71)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political partyNational Republican Party
("Sidonist Party")
Spouse(s)Mariana de Aboim
Children2 daughters and 1 son
OccupationNaval officer
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Kingdom of Portugal (to 1910)
Portugal First Portuguese Republic
Branch/service Portuguese Navy
RankAdmiral

Early lifeEdit

He was the son of General José Ricardo da Costa da Silva Antunes (Lisbon, 7 February 1831 – 7 August 1906) and wife (m. 1860) Maria da Conceição do Canto e Castro Mascarenhas Valdez (24 October 1825 – Lisbon, 20 April 1892).

In 1891 he married Mariana de Santo António Moreira Freire Correia Manoel Torres de Aboim (Lisbon, 13 June 1865 – 18 January 1946), sister of the 1st Viscount da Idanha and niece of the 1st Viscount de Vila Boim, and had issue.

CareerEdit

He occupied the post of Navy Minister, to which he had been appointed by Sidónio Pais, the "President-King" on 9 September 1918, and succeeded Pais after his murder on 14 December 1918.

During his rule there were two attempts to carry out a revolution. The first one, in Santarém, in December 1918, was led by the republicans Francisco da Cunha Leal and Álvaro Xavier de Castro. The second one was monarchist and was perpetrated in January 1919 and organized by Paiva Couceiro, who for some time managed to control the northern part of the country in what was called the Monarchy of the North. Although Canto e Castro was a monarchist, as President of the Republic he had to fight against a movement that defended his own ideals.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Canto e Castro". presidencia.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 3 November 2020.
Political offices
Preceded by President of Portugal
1918–1919
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
1918
Succeeded by