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John Devon Roland "Jon" Pertwee (7 July 1919[1] – 20 May 1996) was an English actor, comedian, entertainer and cabaret performer. Born into a theatrical family, he served in the Royal Navy and the Naval Intelligence Division during the Second World War. In his early career he worked as a stage comedian, which included performing at the Glasgow Empire Theatre and sharing a bill with Max Wall and Jimmy James.[2]

Jon Pertwee
Jon Pertwee (filtered).jpg
Pertwee at a Doctor Who Convention in Glasgow, March 1996
Born
John Devon Roland Pertwee

(1919-07-07)7 July 1919
Died20 May 1996(1996-05-20) (aged 76)
OccupationActor, comedian, entertainer
Years active1938–1996
Notable work
Doctor Who (1970–74)
Worzel Gummidge (1979–81, 1987–89)
The Navy Lark (1959–1977)
Spouse(s)
Jean Marsh
(m. 1955; div. 1960)

Ingeborg Rhoesa
(m. 1960)
Children2, including Sean Pertwee
Parent(s)
Relatives

As an actor Pertwee appeared in many comedy roles, including four films in the Carry On series, and he became widely known for spending 18 years (1959–1977) playing Chief Petty Officer Pertwee (and three other roles) in the popular sitcom The Navy Lark on BBC Radio.[3] He played the Third Doctor in the science fiction television series Doctor Who (between 1970 and 1974) and the title character in the television series Worzel Gummidge (between 1979 and 1981—reprising the role from 1987 to 1989). Towards the end of his life he maintained a close association with Doctor Who by appearing at many fan conventions related to the series and giving interviews. He also performed a one-man show called Who Is Jon Pertwee?.[4]

BiographyEdit

Early life and educationEdit

Born in Chelsea, London, and having French Huguenot ancestry (his surname was an Anglicisation of "Perthuis"; the origins of his surname being "de Perthuis de Laillevault").[5] Jon was the son of screenwriter and actor Roland Pertwee and distant cousin of actor Bill Pertwee.[6] Pertwee's mother, Avice Scholtz, separated from his father Roland when Pertwee was young. His father remarried, and his mother found a new partner, Louis Auguste De La Garde, with whom Pertwee did not build a relationship; she died in 1951, leaving Pertwee's older brother Michael as her executor.[7] Avice's sister Daphne married Captain Philip Cecil Clowes[8] and became the mother of Pertwee's cousin, the writer St. John Legh Clowes (1907–1951). Actor Henry Ainley, a close friend of his father, was his godfather. Coincidentally, Ainley's son Anthony appeared as the Master – a renegade Time Lord who was The Doctor's greatest enemy – alongside Pertwee in the Doctor Who anniversary story The Five Doctors (1983).

Pertwee was educated at Frensham Heights School, an independent school in Rowledge, near Farnham in Surrey, at Sherborne School in Dorset, and at some other schools from which he was expelled. After school, he was admitted to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA), from which he was also expelled after he refused to play a Greek "wind" during one of the lessons, feeling it was a waste of both his time and his father's money. He was also accused of writing graffiti about the tutors on the lavatory walls.[9]

Early careerEdit

While still at school, Pertwee worked as a circus performer riding the Wall of Death on a motorcycle with a toothless lion in the sidecar. He then worked in repertory theatre before being contracted with the BBC at 18 as an actor.[10][11][12]

During the Second World War, Pertwee spent six years in the Royal Navy.[13] He was a crew member of HMS Hood and was transferred off the ship for officer training shortly before she was sunk by the German battleship Bismarck,[6] losing all but three men in May 1941. Later, he was attached to the highly-secretive Naval Intelligence Division,[6] working alongside future James Bond author Ian Fleming, and reporting directly to Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Deputy Prime Minister Clement Attlee. In an interview conducted in 1994 and published in 2013, he said, "I did all sorts. Teaching commandos how to use escapology equipment, compasses in brass buttons, secret maps in white cotton handkerchiefs, pipes you could smoke that also fired a .22 bullet. All sorts of incredible things."[14] During his time in the Navy, Pertwee woke up one morning after a drunken night out while in port to find a tattoo of a cobra on his right arm.[15]

After the war, he began to work as a comedy actor on radio in Waterlogged Spa, alongside Eric Barker, and Puffney Post Office in which he played a hapless old postman with the catch-phrase "It doesn't matter what you do, as long as you tears them up." On 15 November 1948, at the Wood Green Empire, he was billed as "The Most Versatile Voice in Radio – Jon ('Tear 'em Up') Pertwee from the Radio Shows Merry-go-Round and Up the Pole". From 1959 to 1977, he performed the role of the conniving Chief Petty Officer Pertwee in The Navy Lark on BBC Radio. He was known as a Danny Kaye look-alike, and his impersonation of Kaye can be seen in the film Murder at the Windmill (1949).[16] He played Charlie Sterling in Will Any Gentleman...? (1953). Future Doctor Who actor William Hartnell was also in the film; he played Inspector Martin.

On stage, he played the part of Lycus in the 1963 London production of A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum with Frankie Howerd and appeared in the smaller role of Crassus in the 1966 film version. He appeared as Sidney Tait in the comedy film Ladies Who Do (1963). In 1966, Pertwee starred alongside Donald Sinden in the original West End production of the long-running comedy There's a Girl in My Soup and in this period appeared in several Carry On films: Carry On Cleo (1964), as the soothsayer; Carry On Cowboy (1965) as Sheriff Earp; and Carry On Screaming! (1966) as Dr. Fettle. (Carry On Columbus, with Pertwee in his fourth Carry On role, this time as the Duke of Costa Brava, was released in 1992). In 1967, he was chosen by Dad's Army producer David Croft for the role of Captain George Mainwaring, but Pertwee turned it down – possibly because he preferred to extend his role on Broadway in There's a Girl in My Soup.[17][page needed]

His television career had started off with small parts in children's shows featuring Richard Hearne's Mr Pastry character. Later he made an appearance in The Avengers episode 'From Venus With Love' (1967) as Brigadier Whitehead, and later, he guest-starred as a vicar in The Goodies' episode "Wacky Wales" (1975).

Doctor WhoEdit

In 1969, shortly before leaving the series, producer Peter Bryant cast Pertwee as the Third Doctor in Doctor Who.[18] Pertwee had asked his agent to apply for the role for him and was surprised to find he was already on the shortlist. He was the second choice for the role; Ron Moody was the first but was unavailable.[19]

In a departure from the Doctor's first two incarnations, Pertwee's era was influenced by the James Bond film series.[20] He played the character as an active crusader with a penchant for action and fancy clothes, while the character was exiled to Earth by the Time Lords for much of his tenure and serving as the scientific adviser to Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart and UNIT. He played the Doctor for five seasons from early 1970 to mid-1974, a longer stint than either of his predecessors in the role, although he ultimately appeared in fewer episodes than William Hartnell as the BBC had reduced the production schedule. Pertwee credited his performance as the Doctor with helping him work out exactly who he really was when he was not resorting to comedic disguises or voices: a dapper, technologically oriented man of action. This was because the BBC's Head of Drama, Shaun Sutton, had advised him to act the Doctor as himself: in effect, to "play Jon Pertwee".[6] On 14 April 1971, Pertwee was the subject of Thames Television's This Is Your Life.

During his tenure as the Doctor, Pertwee appeared in the Amicus horror compendium The House That Dripped Blood (1971), which was filmed in the summer of 1970 between his first and second Doctor Who seasons. Pertwee played the lead in the last segment of the film as Paul Henderson, an arrogant horror film star who meets his doom thanks to a genuine vampire cloak. In 1973 Pertwee endorsed the Co-op's Baking Your Cake and Eating It, a recipe book written by Sarah Charles.[21] It has been given the unofficial title of The Jon Pertwee Recipe Book.

In early 1974 Pertwee announced he would step down as the Doctor to resume his stage career in The Bedwinner, also citing potential typecasting in the role as the reason for leaving, though he later said that the catalyst for his departure was the death of his good friend and co-star Roger Delgado (The Master) and the departures of co-star Katy Manning and producer Barry Letts.[citation needed] His last full-time appearance in the series was in the story Planet of the Spiders in June 1974, which finished with Tom Baker replacing him in the role.

Pertwee later reprised the role in the 20th anniversary story The Five Doctors and the Children in Need story Dimensions in Time, in two radio adventures and on stage in Doctor Who – The Ultimate Adventure.

Worzel GummidgeEdit

After a stint between 1974 and 1978 as the host of the Thames Television murder-mystery game show Whodunnit?, Pertwee took the starring role in Worzel Gummidge, based on the books written by Barbara Euphan Todd. Produced by ITV franchise contractor Southern Television in the initial run, it was first transmitted on ITV from 1979. Pertwee had first been approached to play the part of Worzel Gummidge in a film to be written by Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall. When this project fell through Pertwee encouraged the writers to create a television pilot instead and via his agent pitched the idea to the BBC who turned it down and then Thames Television who likewise passed on the project. Pertwee later admitted that he "began to lose faith in the project", until Southern Television's Lewis Rudd heard about it and enthusiastically agreed that the company would make the series.[22] The series saw Pertwee as a scarecrow, as well as using several comedic voices. The show was an immediate hit, with Pertwee describing it as "becoming something of a cult" after only four episodes had been broadcast. Press interest in the series was high, and it ran on the channel until 1981. Keen to continue beyond this, Pertwee campaigned for the series and it was picked up by a New Zealand network, TVNZ, in 1987.[22][23] Worzel Gummidge Down Under aired for the next two years and was screened in the UK on Channel 4. In 1995, Pertwee played the role one last time in a one-off special for ITV, which celebrated 40 years of the channel. Pertwee played the title character in Worzel Gummidge, the musical, book and lyrics by Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall, music by Denis King, which opened at London's Cambridge Theatre in December 1981, co-starring Una Stubbs and Geoffrey Bayldon. Pertwee also recorded an album, Worzel Gummidge Sings,[24] as well as a Christmas single.

Other rolesEdit

Pertwee played the role of The Colonel in the Disney children's film One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing (1975). The following year, he voiced and appeared in the television advertisement that promoted the Green Cross Code by use of the mnemonic "SPLINK". Also in 1976, Pertwee starred with Australian actress Julie Anthony in a West End production of the musical IRENE (originally 1919, revived Broadway 1973), playing the camp fashion-designer Madame Lucy (originally Liam O'Dougherty). The production opened at the Adelphi Theatre, London, and enjoyed a run of more than 900 performances: Pertwee features on the cast recording album, produced by Norman Newell for EMI Records (EMC3139). He also voiced the character of "Spotty" in the cartoon series SuperTed (1983–86) and, in 1985, starred in Do You Know The Milkyway?, a television adaptation of Karl Wittlinger's stage play in which Pertwee played Dr. Neuross and another nine characters. In 1995, he also had the key voice of Death and other voice characterisations in the PC and PlayStation renditions of "Discworld". Also in 1995, he played General Von Kramer in the Young Indiana Jones Chronicles episode "Attack of the Hawkmen".

Writing shortly before his death in 1996, Pertwee stated that while he enjoyed his association with Doctor Who, he had perhaps spent too long in the title role. He believed that this to led to the "ridiculous situation of people turning me down for parts because, they say, I am too well known as the Doctor."[25] He noted that after he left the show he only ever worked in a BBC drama on one occasion. This was his part of "an aging Basque arsonist and pornographer" in an episode of Virtual Murder entitled "A Torch for Silverado". He considered this to be one of "the best things I've ever done"[26]

Later lifeEdit

He returned to the role of the Doctor in 1983 for the 20th-anniversary television special The Five Doctors and in the 1993 charity special Dimensions in Time for Children in Need. He also portrayed the Doctor in the stage play Doctor Who – The Ultimate Adventure which toured theatres in the United Kingdom from March to June 1989. During the 1990s, he made a guest appearance in the "Lords and Ladies" episode of the BBC Radio 4 comedy series Harry Hill's Fruit Corner, playing a Time Lord and also spoofed the role in the Radio 4 comedy The Skivers. He also presented the Doctor Who video releases The Troughton Years (1991), showcasing selected surviving episodes of otherwise wiped stories, and The Pertwee Years (1992), the latter a look back at his time on the show, with his three selected episodes.

In 1993, Pertwee was featured in the unofficial 30th anniversary VHS release entitled 30 Years of Time Travel and Beyond. When asked in an interview for this documentary if the show should be brought back he simply replied with "No, no", but believed if it did come back a lot more money would need to be spent on the series along with a new production team. Pertwee would continue to act in films and television as well as make appearances worldwide in support of Doctor Who. Ultimately, Pertwee was successful in seeing the Third Doctor return to the airwaves with two audio productions for BBC Radio, The Paradise of Death and The Ghosts of N-Space.

In April 1995, he appeared in Devious, an amateur video drama set between the second Doctor's trial at the end of The War Games and before the start of Spearhead from Space. It shows an interim Doctor (between second and third), played by Tony Garner, being told he was "never meant to be the Doctor" and that the third will complete him. Pertwee's scenes in that role are the only pieces of the video that have been released (on the DVD of The War Games). Also in 1995, Pertwee starred in a one-man show called Who Is Jon Pertwee?.[4]

Pertwee's final film role was in a short film entitled Cloud Cuckoo for Scottish Screen, released on 18 June 1994. His last formal television appearance was on Cilla's Surprise, Surprise, broadcast on 21 April 1996. At the date of his death, Pertwee was regularly being seen in the closing moments of an enigmatic UK TV commercial for mobile phone operator Vodafone: dressed somewhat like his flamboyant version of the Doctor. This character walked wordlessly across an alleyway in sight of a Liverpool landmark, and entered a garage evidently containing some kind of time machine.

Personal lifeEdit

Pertwee married twice. His first marriage was in 1955, to Jean Marsh,[27] whom he divorced in 1960; later that same year he married Ingeborg Rhoesa (born 1935).[28] Together they had two children, both of whom became actors: a daughter, Dariel, in 1961, and a son, Sean, in 1964.

Pertwee wrote two autobiographies: Moon Boots and Dinner Suits (published in 1984),[6] which primarily covers his life and career prior to Doctor Who, and the posthumously published Doctor Who: I Am the Doctor – Jon Pertwee’s Final Memoir, which was worked on from April 1995 until 8 May 1996 (ISBN 9781852276218, published in November 1996 by Virgin Publishing Ltd. under the Doctor Who Books imprint and co-written with David J. Howe), which covered his life during and after the series. In 2000, Jon Pertwee: The Biography by Bernard Bale (ISBN 0-233-99831-4) was published by André Deutsch, and included a few chapters by Pertwee's widow Ingeborg.

Death and legacyEdit

Pertwee continued on the Doctor Who convention circuit, and with his voice and television acting, until his death; he died in his sleep from a heart attack in Connecticut on 20 May 1996, at the age of 76. He was survived by his wife Ingeborg Rhoesa, and two children who had followed him into the acting profession, Sean Pertwee and Dariel Pertwee. His immediate successor in the starring role of Doctor Who, Tom Baker, paid tribute, saying: "I am very sorry to hear the news. I was a great admirer of such a stylish actor."[29] Another of his successors in the role, Colin Baker, said: "He was a man of such presence and stature. I can't believe he has gone – it is a great shock. Of all of the interpretations of the Doctors his was the most straight in terms of avoiding comedy."[29] His body was cremated at Putney Vale Crematorium with a toy Worzel Gummidge affixed to the coffin, following the instructions in his will.[30][31]

His death came six days after the American broadcast of the Doctor Who television film, which used in its opening credits a logo based on that from his era of the television series. The BBC broadcast of the film, on 27 May 1996, featured a dedication to Pertwee at its end.

LegacyEdit

His last association with Doctor Who was posthumous. With the approval of his widow, Ingeborg, his voice was used as part of the plot of the Big Finish Productions' 40th Anniversary audio drama, Zagreus, appearing as messages from the Doctor's TARDIS as it attempted to help the currently corrupted Eighth Doctor (voiced by Paul McGann). Pertwee's voice was culled from the fan-produced Doctor Who film Devious.

Archival footage of Pertwee has been used several times in the revived Doctor Who. Footage appears in "The Next Doctor" when the Tenth Doctor shows Jackson Lake an infostamp about himself, and in "The Eleventh Hour" when the Eleventh Doctor rhetorically asks the Atraxi how previous alien invasion attempts were stopped. Footage of Pertwee was used in "The Name of the Doctor" to depict his Doctor interacting with a version of Clara Oswald, and in "The Day of the Doctor" to depict the Third Doctor assisting his other incarnations in sending Gallifrey to a pocket universe to protect it from the Daleks.

In 2016, his work was honoured with a blue plaque at the New Wimbledon Theatre, which was arranged by the Doctor Who Appreciation Society.[32]

DiscographyEdit

 
Cover of the 1972 "Who is the Doctor" single (1983 re-issue by the BBC)
  • In 1966, Pertwee contributed to the children's album Children's Favourites (Music for Pleasure, MDP 1175). Songs sung by him include "The Runaway Train", "Froggy Went A-Courtin'", "My Grandfather's Clock", "Three Little Fishes" and "I Know An Old Lady". The recordings were produced by Norman Newell, with a synopsis written on the back by Roger St. Pierre. On the front cover is the picture of a glove puppet by Carol Patmore & Rima Reed. At least one of the songs, "The Runaway Train" (b/w "The Ugly Duckling"), was released as a single on Music for Pleasure (catalogue FP 10).
  • In 1972 he recorded with June Whitfield, "Wonderful Children's Songs" on the Contour label (catalogue 2870191)
  • In 1972, Pertwee performed a vocal narration over the Doctor Who theme music entitled "Who is the Doctor", on Purple Records.
  • In 1976 he starred in the EMI original cast recording (EMC 3139) of the West End musical Irene, in which he had enjoyed a long run, playing 'Madame Lucy' at the Adelphi Theatre, London.
  • In 1976 he recorded a promotional flexi-disc for Heinz called "The Noodle Doodle Man", a song that accompanied a television commercial to which Pertwee contributed the vocal performance.[33]
  • In 1980 he released "Worzel's Song", from the album Worzel Gummidge Sings.[34] The single reached No.33 on the UK charts in March.[35] A second single was released in 1987 when the series was revived, but this met with less success. Also released in 1984 was a single entitled 'Jon Pertwee and Friends Sing the Beatles' which comprised "Yesterday", featuring a semi-spoken-word performance, and "When I'm 64", in the guise of Worzel Gummidge. This record was intended to aid the Liverpool Children's Hospital.
  • In 1993 an audio release of the radio play The Paradise of Death reached No.48 in the album charts.[36]
  • In 1984 he featured in the computer game audio tape of Deus Ex Machina by Automata UK, released for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum in 1984.[37]

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1938 A Yank at Oxford Minor Role Uncredited
1939 The Four Just Men Rally campaigner Uncredited
1948 Trouble in the Air Truelove
William Comes to Town Circus Superintendent
A Piece of Cake Mr. Short
1949 Murder at the Windmill Detective Sergeant (as Jon Pertwer)
Helter Skelter Headwaiter / Charles II
Dear Mr. Prohack Plover
Miss Pilgrim's Progress Postman Perkins
1950 The Body Said No! Watchman
1951 Mister Drake's Duck Reuben
1953 Will Any Gentleman...? Charley Sterling
1954 The Gay Dog A Betting Man
1955 A Yank in Ermine Slowburn Jenks
1956 It's a Wonderful World Conductor Uncredited
1959 The Ugly Duckling Victor Jekyll
1960 Just Joe Prendergast
Not a Hope in Hell Dan
1961 Nearly a Nasty Accident Gen. Birkinshaw
1963 Ladies Who Do Sidney Tait
1964 Carry On Cleo Soothsayer
1965 How to Undress in Public Without Undue Embarrassment Uncredited
I've Gotta Horse Costumier's assistant
You Must Be Joking! Storekeeper (Hare Factory)
1965 Carry On Cowboy Sheriff Albert Earp
1966 Carry On Screaming! Doctor Fettle
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum Crassus
Runaway Railway Station Master
1969 Up in the Air Figworthy
Under the Table You Must Go Himself Documentary
1970 I Understand Uncredited Short
1971 The House That Dripped Blood Paul Henderson (Segment 4 "The Cloak")
1975 One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing Colonel
1977 Adventures of a Private Eye Judd Blake
No. 1 of the Secret Service The Rev. Walter Braithwaite
1978 The Water Babies Voice
Wombling Free Womble Voice
1982 The Boys in Blue Coastguard
1992 Carry On Columbus Duke of Costa Brava
1994 Cloud Cuckoo Grandfather Short

TelevisionEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1947 The Wandering Jew Boemond, Prince of Tarentum TV movie
Toad of Toad Hall The Judge TV movie
1958 Ivanhoe Peter the Peddler Episode: "The Swindler"
1959 Glencannon Champagne Charlie Episode: "Champagne Charlie"
1963 The Dickie Henderson Show Uncredited Episode: "The Hypnotist"
1965 A Slight Case of... Uncredited Episode: "The Enemy Within"
Mother Goose The Squire TV movie
1966 David Nixon's Comedy Bandbox Guest 1 episode
1966-67 Jackanory Storyteller 10 episodes
1967 The Avengers Brigadier Whitehead Episode: "From Venus with Love"
Beggar My Neighbour Major Henley 1 episode
1970–74 Doctor Who Third Doctor 128 episodes
1974–78 Whodunnit? Presenter 41 episodes
1975 The Goodies Reverend Llewellyn
Llewellyn Llewellyn
Llewellyn
Episode: "Wacky Wales"
1977 Four Against the Desert Staff TV movie
1979–81 Worzel Gummidge Worzel Gummidge 31 episodes
1982 The Curious Case of Santa Claus Dr. Merryweather
1982–84 Superted Spottyman Voice; 36 episodes
1983 Doctor Who Third Doctor Episode: "The Five Doctors"
1985 Do You Know the Milkyway? Dr. Neuross TV movie
1987–89 Worzel Gummidge Down Under Worzel Gummidge 22 episodes
1989 The Further Adventures of SuperTed Spottyman Voice; English version; 13 episodes
1992 Virtual Murder Luis Silverado Episode: "A Torch for Silverado"
1993 Doctor Who: Dimensions in Time Third Doctor TV short
The Airzone Solution Oliver Threthewey Video
1994 The Zero Imperative Dr. Jeremiah O'Kane Video
Myth Makers Vol. 7: Wendy Padbury Spottyman Video
1995 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles General Von Kramer Episode: "Attack of the Hawkmen"

Video gamesEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1984 Deus Ex Machina The Storyteller
1995 Discworld Fool / Chucky / Windle Poons
2015 Lego Dimensions Third Doctor Archived recording sound

BibliographyEdit

As authorEdit

As contributorEdit

  • Pertwee, Jon; Evans, George; Stout, Tim; Welby, Philip; Campton, David; Weiner, Guy; Gleason, Catherine; Chandler, Glenn; Malisson, Roger; Halkin, John (1978). Richard Davis (ed.). The Jon Pertwee Book of Monsters. Methuen Publishing. ISBN 0-416-87190-9.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ GRO Register of Births: SEP 1919 1a 132 KENSINGTON – John D. R. Pertwee, mmn = Scholts
  2. ^ Cult leader's mission to return to future . The Herald. 15 May 1989. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  3. ^ Smurthwaite, Nick (21 May 1996). "Obituary: Jon Pertwee". The Independent. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b Cabell, Craig (2013). The Doctors Who's Who: The Story Behind Every Face of the Iconic Time Lord. John Blake Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1782194712.
  5. ^ An Hour with Jon Pertwee, broadcast by BBC7 on 30 March 2009
  6. ^ a b c d e "Pertwee, Jon (1919–1996)". BFI Screenonline Biography.
  7. ^ Interview "Mind of Evil" DVD, released 2013.
  8. ^ "Essex 11". William1.co.uk.
  9. ^ Tim Cooper, "Heart attack kills dandy Doctor Who", The Evening Standard, 20 May 1996
  10. ^ http://m.doctorwhonews.net/2019/06/jon-pertwee-celebration-290619184508.html
  11. ^ http://www.dvillage.org/index.php/ktehsf/kteh-drwho-classic/kteh-whostalking/kteh-whostalking-jp
  12. ^ Cabell, Craig (4 November 2013). The Doctors Who's Who - The Story Behind Every Face of the Iconic Time Lord: Celebrating its 50th Year. John Blake. pp. Chapter 4. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  13. ^ Smurthwaite, Nick (20 May 1996). "Obituary: Jon Pertwee". The Independent. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  14. ^ Cabell, Craig (17 March 2017). "Operation Big Ben: The Anti-V2 Spitfire Missions". Fonthill Media. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 October 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ Windmill Theatre#Film depictions Windmill Theatre
  17. ^ McCann, Graham (2001). Dad's Army: The Story of a Classic Television Show. 4th Estate. ISBN 9 781841 153094.
  18. ^ "Season 7". BBC Online. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  19. ^ An Hour with Jon Pertwee, BBC Radio 4
  20. ^ Michele Brittany, ed. (2014). James Bond and Popular Culture: Essays on the Influence of the Fictional Superspy. McFarland & Co. p. 121. ISBN 978-0786477937.
  21. ^ "Celebrating the Jon Pertwee Recipe Book". Braised Hearts.
  22. ^ a b Pertwee, Jon; Howe, David J. (1996). I am the Doctor:Jon Pertwee's Final Memoir. London: Virgin Publishing. p. 114. ISBN 1-85227-621-5.
  23. ^ "Obituary: Jon Pertwee". The Independent. 23 May 1996. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  24. ^ "Jon Pertwee Featuring Una Stubbs & Geofrey Bayldon – Worzel Gummidge Sings". Discogs.com.
  25. ^ Pertwee, Jon; Howe, David J. (1996). I am the Doctor:Jon Pertwee's Final Memoir. London: Virgin Publishing. p. 123. ISBN 1-85227-621-5.
  26. ^ Pertwee, Jon; Howe, David J. (1996). I am the Doctor:Jon Pertwee's Final Memoir. London: Virgin Publishing. pp. 123–124. ISBN 1-85227-621-5.
  27. ^ GRO Register of Marriages: JUN 1955 5f 63 MIDDLESEX S. – Jon D. R. Pertwee = Jeann L. T. Marsh
  28. ^ GRO Register of Marriages: SEP 1960 6a 1385 WYCOMBE – Jon D. R. Pertwee = Ingeborg R. Rhosa
  29. ^ a b "Former Dr Who, actor Jon Pertwee dies". The Irish Times. 21 May 1996.
  30. ^ Hewitt, Nik. "Jon Pertwee: Obituary – ThisIsAnnouncements". Lastingtribute.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  31. ^ Jon Pertwee on IMDb
  32. ^ Mulkern, Patrick (24 October 2016). "Doctor Who's Jon Pertwee is honoured with a blue plaque". RadioTimes. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  33. ^ [1] Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ "Worzel Gummidge".[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ "Wayback Machine". 8 October 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  36. ^ "The Official Charts Company – BBC cast – Doctor Who the paradise of death". Official Charts Company.
  37. ^ "Deus Ex Machina". World of Spectrum.


External linksEdit