Sherman is the northernmost and least populous town of Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 3,581 at the 2010 census. The town was formed in 1802 from the northern part of New Fairfield. It is named for Roger Sherman, the only person who signed all four founding documents of the United States of America. He also had a cobblers shop in the north end of town which has been reconstructed behind the Northrup House in the center of town.
Town of Sherman
|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First selectman||Don Lowe|
|• Selectman||Kevin Keenan|
|• Selectman||Bob Ostrosky|
|• Total||23.4 sq mi (60.6 km2)|
|• Land||21.8 sq mi (56.5 km2)|
|• Water||1.6 sq mi (4.0 km2)|
|Elevation||466 ft (142 m)|
|• Density||153.0/sq mi (59.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213505|
Sherman has one area on the National Register of Historic Places: the Sherman Historic District, bounded roughly by the intersection of Old Greenswood Road and Route 37, northeast past the intersection of Route 37 East and Route 39 North and Sawmill Road. The district was added to the National Register on August 31, 1991.
The land which is now called Sherman, Connecticut was formerly occupied primarily by native people of Algonquian lineage.
In 1724, colonial settlers from Fairfield, Connecticut received approval from the General Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut to establish a new township. According to one account, they negotiated with Chief Squantz of the Schaghticoke tribe. Alternatively, it is told that they did not negotiate with Chief Squantz because he moved to the north end of Squantz Pond land area and refused to "sell" the township of New Fairfield. They returned in the Spring of 1725, but found that Chief Squantz had died during the winter. His four sons and heirs refused to sign the deeds. It was not until four years later that the white men called "The Proprietors" finally got the drawn marks of several other native people who may not have had authority to sell the land. They "purchased" a 31,000 acre tract of land that is now New Fairfield and Sherman, for 65 pounds sterling, the equivalent of about 300 dollars, on April 24, 1729, The deed was recorded on May 9, 1729, and is now deposited in the archives of the State Capitol in Hartford, Connecticut.
There is one public school in Sherman, the Sherman School. Its enrollment is about 325 students from pre-school to grade 8. There is no high school in Sherman; students instead are given a choice of five high schools that Sherman will pay for them to attend (New Milford High School, New Fairfield High School, Henry Abbot Tech, Shepaug Valley High School, and Nonnewaug High School).
- Mikhail Baryshnikov (1948-) lived in Sherman for a time with his family.
- Blackleach Burritt (1744-1794), clergyman in the American Revolution.
- Martha Clarke (1944-), American director and choreographer.
- Vinnie Colaiuta (1956-), drummer, owned a home in town for a short time.
- Malcolm Cowley (1898-1989), 20th century literary critic, lived in a converted barn for many years.
- Eleanor Fitzgerald (1877-1955), anarchist editor and theatre professional, lived in Sherman for many years.
- Jerry Foley, T.V director and producer has a home in Sherman where he lives with his wife Ann-Marie and son Quinn.
- Arshile Gorky (1904-1948), abstract expressionist painter, lived in Sherman on Spring Lake Road. He is buried in North Cemetery in town.
- Daryl Hall (1946-), musician lives in Sherman.
- Bob Iger (1951-), CEO of Disney, has a home in Sherman.
- Durward Kirby (1911-2000), co-star of Candid Camera and Garry Moore Show had a home on Lake Mauweehoo in Sherman from 1951–2001.
- Jon Pertwee (1919-1996), British actor famous for playing the third incarnation of 'The Doctor' in Dr Who, died in Sherman Connecticut.
- Howard Schatz (1940-), American photographer and ophthalmologist.
- Jeffrey Toobin (1960-), American lawyer, author and legal analyst for CNN and The New Yorker.
- Diane von Furstenberg (1946-), fashion designer has a house in the area.
- Scott Wise and his wife, Elizabeth Parkinson, choreographers and dancers, live in Sherman.
- George Wunder (1912-1987), artist for 26 years on Terry and the Pirates,
- Rob Zombie (1965-), musician and film director lives in Sherman.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.4 square miles (61 km2), of which 21.8 square miles (56 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), or 6.68%, is water. Sherman is bordered by New Fairfield to the south, New Milford to the east, Kent to the north, and by Pawling, New York to the west.
Sherman is the location of Naromiyocknowhusunkatankshunk Brook (29 letters), in the north end of town near the New Milford border. The aboriginal name means "water flowing from the hills". The Naromi Land Trust in Sherman derived its name from the brook.
In some deeds it is called Deep Brook. For some time the brook was officially known as Morrissey Brook, but an official name change was put into Public Act 01-194, "An Act Concerning Certain Real Property Transactions," which was approved July 11, 2001. The 29-letter name was noted in an 1882 book, History of the Towns of New Milford and Bridgewater, 1703–1882, by Samuel Orcutt.
Candlewood Lake stretches from Danbury in the south, north to Sherman at a park named Veterans' Field. The lake is the largest in Connecticut. It is artificial, created for the Rocky River hydro electric power plant in New Milford on the Housatonic River. The water is pumped through a large pipe into the lake.
Sherman bounds the north end of Squantz Pond, which was a natural pond that was expanded with the creation of Candlewood Lake.
The town center is listed as the Sherman Historic District in the National Register of Historic Places. It was designated in 1991 for its historic architecture including several houses, the town hall, school, and manufacturing facilities.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, the population was 3,581 people, including 3,469 white, 35 Asian, 15 black, 1 Native American, 16 other, and 45 of two or more races. 76 of these people identified as Hispanic or Latino.
The income per capita is $55,920, which includes all adults and children. The median household income is $118,750.
There were 1,388 households, 460 of which contained children under 18.
|2016||45.67% 976||49.84% 1,065||4.49% 96|
|2012||48.66% 1,020||50.05% 1,049||1.29% 27|
|2008||51.29% 1,110||47.41% 1,026||1.29% 28|
|2004||45.34% 958||53.05% 1,121||1.61% 34|
|2000||43.52% 809||50.35% 936||6.13% 114|
|1996||42.57% 696||43.43% 710||14.01% 229|
|1992||34.37% 610||39.77% 706||25.86% 459|
|1988||36.62% 538||61.81% 908||1.57% 23|
|1984||31.47% 421||68.01% 910||0.52% 7|
|1980||26.98% 340||57.62% 726||15.40% 194|
|1976||38.67% 401||60.56% 628||0.77% 8|
|1972||33.63% 299||64.90% 577||1.46% 13|
|1968||33.08% 221||62.43% 417||4.49% 30|
|1964||56.55% 311||43.45% 239||0.00% 0|
|1960||29.37% 136||70.63% 327||0.00% 0|
|1956||19.54% 77||80.46% 317||0.00% 0|
Reflecting the growing urban-rural divide in American politics, Sherman tends to lean Republican in presidential elections, albeit not as strongly as most other rural areas in the country. Lyndon B. Johnson won the town by 13 points in his landslide victory in 1964 and recently, Barack Obama managed to edge John McCain by just under four points in 2008.
In popular cultureEdit
Sherman is the location where a presidential candidate becomes possessed by the Devil (and/or sells his soul) in the novel "The Hell Candidate" by Graham Masterton (writing under the name "Thomas Luke") (Pocket Books 1980; currently out-of-print).
Another Graham Masterton novel, "Spirit" (Dorchester Publishing Co. 2001, copyright 1995), is a ghost story set in Sherman in the 1940s and 1950s.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Sherman town, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 334.
- Simon, Irving B. (1975). Our Town: The History of New Fairfield. New Fairfield, Connecticut: New Fairfield Bicentennial Commission. p. 5.
- "Sherman Connecticut - Welcome to Sherman". Sherman Connecticut.
- "Sherman School". Sherman School.
- Naromi Land Trust, accessed August 11, 2006
-  Web page for Public Act 01-194 at Connecticut General Assembly Web site, accessed August 11, 2001
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Demographic Profile". Retrieved 2013-03-22.[failed verification]