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John LaGale Horton (April 30, 1925 – November 5, 1960) was an American country music, honky tonk and rockabilly singer and musician, during the 1950s and early 1960s, best known for his saga songs that became international hits beginning with the 1959 single "The Battle of New Orleans", which was awarded the 1960 Grammy Award for Best Country & Western Recording. The song was awarded the Grammy Hall of Fame Award and in 2001 ranked No. 333 of the Recording Industry Association of America's "Songs of the Century". His first No. 1 country song was in 1959, "When It's Springtime in Alaska (It's Forty Below)".
|Birth name||John LaGale Horton|
|Also known as||The Singing Fisherman|
|Born||April 30, 1925|
Los Angeles, California, United States
|Died||November 5, 1960 (aged 35)|
Milano, Texas, U.S.
Horton's music usually encompassed folk ballads based on American historic themes and legend. He had two successes in 1960 with both "Sink the Bismarck" and "North to Alaska," the latter utilized over the opening credits to the John Wayne film of the same name. Horton died in November 1960 at the peak of his fame in a traffic collision, less than two years after his breakthrough. Horton is a member of the Rockabilly Hall of Fame and the Louisiana Music Hall of Fame.
Horton was born in Los Angeles, the youngest of the five children of the former Ella Claudia Robinson (1892-1966) and John Loly Horton (1889–1959), and raised in Rusk in Cherokee County in east Texas. His family often traveled to California to work as migrant fruit-pickers. After he graduated from high school in Gallatin, Texas in 1944, Horton attended Lon Morris Junior College in Jacksonville, Texas on a basketball scholarship. He later attended Seattle University and briefly Baylor University in Waco, although he did not graduate from any of these institutions.
Horton soon returned to California and got a job in the mail room at Selznick International Pictures, where his future wife, Donna Cook, was working in the studio as a secretary. After a short stint studying geology in Seattle in 1948, Horton went to Alaska to look for gold. During this period he began writing songs. Returning south, he entered and won a talent contest in Henderson, Texas. Encouraged by this result, he returned to California to pursue a music career.
His guest appearances on Cliffie Stone's Hometown Jamboree on KXLA-AM and KLAC-TV in Pasadena and his own half-hour show The Singing Fisherman led to the opportunity to record some songs on the Cormac record label. By the time the company folded in 1952, Horton recorded 10 singles for that label. Fabor Robison, owner of Abbott Records, acquired the master recordings. Around that time, Horton married Donna Cook.
Louisiana Hayride and early careerEdit
By this time Horton was appearing regularly on Louisiana Hayride, so he and Donna moved to Shreveport, Louisiana, where the show was recorded. He also signed a contract with Mercury Records and began recording. His first song for that label, "First Train Headin' South" b/w "(I Wished for an Angel) The Devil Sent Me You" (Mercury 6412), received good reviews. He and his new backup band, the Rowley Trio, began touring under the name The Singing Fisherman and the Rowley Trio in 1952, eventually changing the name to Johnny Horton and the Roadrunners. The group included Horton as lead singer, Jerry Rowley on fiddle, his wife Evelyn on piano, and his sister Vera (Dido) on guitars. The constant touring was hard on Horton's marriage, and Donna moved back to Los Angeles. They were soon divorced.
On September 26, 1953, Horton married Billie Jean Jones, widow of Hank Williams, who had died on January 1, 1953. Horton parted ways with the Rowley trio, but continued to appear occasionally on Louisiana Hayride. His contract with Mercury expired in late 1954, with his recording of "All for the Love of a Girl" (Mercury 70227) being his best seller, at 35,000 to 45,000 copies. Horton, himself always an avid fisherman, got a job in a tackle shop and put his music career on hiatus. But by the following year, his new manager and bassist Tillman Franks had obtained Horton a one-year contract with Columbia Records. They traveled to Nashville in a borrowed car for their first recording session. Influenced by the work of Elvis Presley, Horton began adopting a more rockabilly style.
"Honky-Tonk Man" and later careerEdit
"Honky-Tonk Man" was recorded on 11 January 1956 at the Bradley Film & Recording Studios in Nashville, one of four songs Horton recorded that day. Session musicians on the recording were Grady Martin and Harold Bradley, as well as Bill Black (at the time Presley's bassist). Soon afterwards "Honky-Tonk Man" was released as a single (Columbia label: 4–21504) paired with another song from the same session, "I'm Ready if You're Willing". They went out on tour, with the band featuring Franks on bass and Tommy Tomlinson on guitar.
"Honky-Tonk Man" was reviewed by the March 10 issue of Billboard, which said, "The wine women and song attractions exert a powerful hold on the singer, he admits. The funky sound and pounding beat in the backing suggest the kind of atmosphere he describes. A very good jukebox record." Their review of "I'm Ready if You're Willing" was also positive: "Horton sings out this cheerful material with amiable personality. This ever more popular stylist ought to expand his circle of fans with this one." The song peaked at No. 9 on the C&W Jockey chart (now Hot Country Songs) and at No. 14 on the Best Seller chart.
Horton returned to the studio on May 23, but the "A" side of his next single, "I'm a One Woman Man" (Columbia 21538), was one of the songs recorded back in January. The "B" side was "I Don't Like I Did". Billboard described "One Woman Man" as a "smart and polished job," and Horton as "singing with a light, airy touch. Guitar work is just as convincing, adding up to listenable, commercial stuff". He and his band toured through the United States and Canada to promote the record, which reached No. 7 on the Jockey chart and No. 9 on the Best Seller and Jukebox charts.
"I'm Coming Home" / "I Got A Hole In My Pirogue" (Columbia 40813) was released around this time as well. On February 9, Billboard noted that "not only Southern markets are doing good business with this, but Northern cities report that both country and pop customers are going for this in a big way". It was again a success on the country charts (No. 11 Jockey, No. 15 Best Seller) but it failed to score the popular music charts.
Later major successes include the song "The Battle of New Orleans" (written by Jimmy Driftwood), which was awarded the 1960 Grammy Award for Best Country & Western Recording. The song was awarded the Grammy Hall of Fame Award and in 2001 ranked No. 333 of the Recording Industry Association of America's "Songs of the Century". Horton had two other successes in 1960 with "Sink the Bismarck" and "North to Alaska" for John Wayne's movie, North to Alaska.
On the night of November 4–5, 1960, Horton and two other band members, Tommy Tomlinson and Tillman Franks, were travelling from the Skyline Club in Austin, Texas, to Shreveport when they collided with an oncoming truck on a bridge near Milano in Milam County, Texas. Horton died en route to the hospital, and Tomlinson (1930–1982) was seriously injured; his leg later had to be amputated. Franks (1920–2006) suffered head injuries, and James Davis, the driver of the truck, had a broken ankle and other minor injuries.
The funeral was held in Shreveport on November 8, 1960, officiated by Tillman Franks' younger brother, William Derrel "Billy" Franks, a Church of God minister. Johnny Cash did one of the readings, choosing Chapter 20 from the Book of John. Horton is interred, with a cemetery bench in his honor, at the Hillcrest Memorial Park and Mausoleum in Haughton, east of Bossier City in northwestern Louisiana.
When Johnny Cash, a good friend of Horton's, learned about the accident he said, "[I] locked myself in one of the hotel's barrooms and cried." Cash dedicated his rendition of "When It's Springtime in Alaska (It's Forty Below)" to Horton on his album Personal File: "Johnny Horton was a good old friend of mine." Over time, Horton's material has been re-released a number of times, through boxsets and compilations.
Some racist songs by Johnny Rebel have sometimes been incorrectly associated with Horton. Rebel did not begin recording until after Horton's death. The mistake is apparently because Horton recorded the historical song "Johnny Reb".
Horton was married twice. His first marriage, to Donna Cook, ended with a divorce granted in Rusk, Texas. In September 1953 he married Billie Jean Jones, the widow of country-music singer Hank Williams. (She was Williams' second wife.) Billie Jean and Horton had two daughters, Yanina (Nina) and Melody, and Horton adopted Billie Jean's daughter Jeri Lynn.
|1959||The Fantastic Johnny Horton||Mercury|
|1959||The Spectacular Johnny Horton||Columbia|
|1960||Johnny Horton Makes History|
|1961||Johnny Horton's Greatest Hits||8||Platinum|
|1965||I Can't Forget You|
|1967||Johnny Horton On Stage||37|
|1968||The Unforgettable Johnny Horton|
|1970||On the Road|
|The Legendary Johnny Horton|
|1971||The Battle of New Orleans|
|The World of Johnny Horton|
|Year||Single (A-side, B-side)
Both sides from same album except where indicated
|1952||"The Rest Of Your Life"
b/w "This Won't Be The First Time"
|"I Won't Forget"
b/w "The Child's Side Of Life" (from The Fantastic Johnny Horton)
|1953||"Plaid and Calico"
b/w "Shadows On The Old Bayou"
b/w "The Mansion You Stole" (from The Fantastic Johnny Horton)
|"I Won't Get Dreamy Eyed"
b/w "S.S. Lure-Line" (from The Fantastic Johnny Horton)
|1954||"There'll Never Be Another Mary"
b/w "No True Love"
b/w "The Train with the Rhumba Beat"
|1955||"Journey With No End"
b/w "Ridin' The Sunshine Special" (from The Fantastic Johnny Horton)
|"Hey Sweet, Sweet Thing"
b/w "Big Wheels Rollin'" (from The Fantastic Johnny Horton)
b/w "I'm Ready, If You're Willing" (Original version, non-album track)
|"I'm A One-Woman Man"
b/w "I Don't Like I Did" (Non-album track)
|1957||"I'm Coming Home"
b/w "I Got A Hole In My Pirogue"
|"The Woman I Need"
b/w "She Knows Why" (from Honky-Tonk Man)
|"I'll Do It Every Time"
b/w "Let's Take The Long Way Home" (Non-album track)
|The Legendary Johnny Horton|
|"You're My Baby"
b/w "Lover's Rock"
|1958||"Honky Tonk Hardwood Floor"
b/w "The Wild One"
|"All Grown Up"
b/w "Counterfeit Love"
|8||The Legendary Johnny Horton|
|1959||"When It's Springtime in Alaska (It's Forty Below)"
b/w "Whispering Pines"
|1||The Spectacular Johnny Horton|
|"The Battle Of New Orleans"
b/w "All For The Love Of A Girl"
|"Johnny Reb" /||10||54||Johnny Horton Makes History|
|"Sal's Got A Sugar Lip"||19||81||Non-album track|
|"I'm Ready, If You're Willing" (re-recording)
b/w "Take Me Like I Am" (from The Legendary Johnny Horton)
|Johnny Horton's Greatest Hits|
|"They Shined Up Rudolph's Nose"
b/w "The Electrified Donkey"
|1960||"Sink the Bismarck"
b/w "The Same Old Tale The Crow Told Me" (differs from other versions and did not appear on any Columbia album)
|6||3||Johnny Horton Makes History|
b/w "Comanche (The Brave Horse)"
|"North To Alaska"
b/w "The Mansion You Stole" (re-recording)
|1||4||Johnny Horton's Greatest Hits|
b/w "They'll Never Take Her Love from Me"
b/w "Miss Marcy" (from The Legendary Johnny Horton)
b/w "Words" (from The Legendary Johnny Horton)
|1963||"All Grown Up"
b/w "I'm A One-Woman Man" (from Honky-Tonk Man)
|26||The Legendary Johnny Horton|
|"When It's Springtime In Alaska (It's Forty Below)" (re-release)
b/w "Sugar-Coated Baby" (from The Unforgettable Johnny Horton)
|The Spectacular Johnny Horton|
|1964||"Hooray For That Little Difference"
b/w "Tell My Baby I Love Her" (Non-album track)
|The Unforgettable Johnny Horton|
|"The Same Old Tale The Crow Told Me"
b/w "Lost Highway"
|I Can't Forget You|
|1965||"I Just Don't Like This Kind Of Livin'"
b/w "Rock Island Line" (from The World Of Johnny Horton)
|On The Road|
b/w "All For The Love Of A Girl"
|The Spectacular Johnny Horton|
|1967||"The Battle Of New Orleans"
b/w "All For The Love Of A Girl"
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 624. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- Mather, Shaun (2004). "Johnny Horton". Rockabilly Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- Cash, Johnny (2003). Cash: The Autobiography. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0060727536.
- "1956-1960 - Johnny Horton | Release Info | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-09-13.
- Adams, Greg (December 6, 2014). "Did Johnny Horton record racist songs? A history of racist country music". Music Weird. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Is Johnny Horton Racist?". Spastic Monkeys. February 19, 2004. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
- Whitburn, Joel (2011). Top Pop Singles 1955–2010. Record Research, Inc. p. 413. ISBN 978-0-89820-188-8.