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Jacksonville is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,544 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Cherokee County, and part of the larger Tyler–Jacksonville combined statistical area.

Jacksonville, Texas
JacksonvilleTexascityhallbuilding.jpg
Jacksonville's City Hall, located downtown on South Ragsdale Street, was completed in November 2016.
Nickname(s): 
The Biggest Small Town in Texas;
Tomato Capital of the World
Location of Jacksonville, Texas
Location of Jacksonville, Texas
Cherokee County Jacksonville.svg
Coordinates: 31°57′49″N 95°16′7″W / 31.96361°N 95.26861°W / 31.96361; -95.26861Coordinates: 31°57′49″N 95°16′7″W / 31.96361°N 95.26861°W / 31.96361; -95.26861
Country United States
State Texas
CountyCherokee
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Dick Stone
Hubert Robinson
Jeff Smith
Randy Gorham
Rob Gowin
 • City ManagerGreg Smith
Area
 • Total14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Land14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
522 ft (159 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total14,544
 • Density1,031.5/sq mi (397.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75766
Area code(s)430, 903 (903 Exchanges: 541,586,589)
FIPS code48-37216[1]
GNIS feature ID1374262[2]

U.S. HighwaysUS 69.svg US 79.svg US 175.svg
Major State HighwaysTexas 135.svg Texas 204.svg Texas Loop 456.svg Texas FM 347.svg Texas FM 768.svg
Websitehttp://www.jacksonvilletx.org
Monument-style welcome sign at U.S. Highway 69's north approach to the city.

Jacksonville is located in an area of rolling hills in East Texas, north of the county seat, Rusk, and south of Tyler, in neighboring Smith County, on U.S. Highway 69. The north-south Highway 69 intersects the east-west U.S. Highway 79 adjacent to the city's downtown area.

Area production and shipping of tomatoes gained the town the title "Tomato Capital of the World". The impressive red iron ore rock Tomato Bowl, built by Works Progress Administration workers during the Great Depression, is home to the Jacksonville High School "Fightin' Indians" football and soccer teams. Annual events include the "Tops in Texas Rodeo" held in May and the "Tomato Fest" celebration in June.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880349
1890970177.9%
19001,55860.6%
19102,87584.5%
19203,72329.5%
19306,74881.3%
19407,2136.9%
19508,60719.3%
19609,59011.4%
19709,7341.5%
198012,26426.0%
199012,7654.1%
200013,8688.6%
201014,5444.9%
Est. 201814,923[3]2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 13,868 people, 4,882 households, and 3,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 981.0 people per square mile (378.7/km2). There were 5,397 housing units at an average density of 381.8 per square mile (147.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.60% White, 21.70% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 12.72% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.04% of the population.

There were 4,882 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 29.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,800, and the median income for a family was $31,176. Males had a median income of $23,650 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,541. About 19.2% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.

HistoryEdit

Jacksonville began in 1847 as the town of Gum Creek. Jackson Smith built a home and blacksmith shop in the area, and became postmaster in 1848, when a post office was authorized. Shortly afterward, Dr. William Jackson established an office near Smith's shop. When the townsite was laid out in 1850, the name Jacksonville was chosen in honor of these two men. The name of the post office was changed from Gum Creek to Jacksonville in June 1850.

An attempt to unionize meatcutters at WalmartEdit

Despite never having organized unions in any Walmart stores before, meatcutters working at the Jacksonville Walmart voted in favor of organizing under the wing of the United Food and Commercial Workers union in February 2000. During a flurry of subsequent legal actions, Walmart discontinued store-level meatcutting and started shipping in pre-packaged/pre-frozen meat to their stores. When all the hearings and appeals were exhausted, it was decided that the local meatcutters didn't embody the characteristics of a group that could bargain since they weren't specialized, while Walmart was found to have engaged in unfair labor practices. Even now, there is no one in the Jacksonville meat department to make special cuts of meat or any union presence there.[5][6]

GeographyEdit

Jacksonville is located a 31°57′49″N 95°16′07″W / 31.963525°N 95.268629°W / 31.963525; -95.268629.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.1 square miles (37 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (37 km2) is land and 0.07% is water.

Lake JacksonvilleEdit

Lake Jacksonville is three miles (5 km) southwest of Jacksonville. It is the city's primary water source. It is a popular location for recreation and residences. It was created in 1957 and the city expected it to take years to fill with water from the surrounding creeks. But, with an unusually rainy season, the lake reached full capacity in a year.

  • Lake characteristics
Location: 3 miles southwest of Jacksonville off US 79
Surface area: 1,320 acres
Maximum depth: 62 feet
Impounded: 1957

TransportationEdit

Many highways pass through and intersect in Jacksonville: US 69, US 79, US 175, SH 135, SH 204, FM 347, FM 768, FM 2138, and Loop 456. Where 3 railroads once served the Jacksonville area (Southern Pacific and Cotton Belt abandoned their tracks in the mid-1980s), only one, Union Pacific, remains. Cherokee County Airport serves small airplanes and general aviation a few miles south of town. Shipping and trucking firms can serve area customers, or pass through town to several important points directly from Jacksonville, including Beaumont, Houston, Austin, Dallas-Fort Worth, Kansas City, Shreveport, and Memphis.

ClimateEdit

Jacksonville, Texas
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.9
 
 
57
35
 
 
3.7
 
 
63
38
 
 
3.7
 
 
70
45
 
 
3.7
 
 
77
53
 
 
5
 
 
83
62
 
 
4.3
 
 
90
69
 
 
2.6
 
 
94
72
 
 
2.3
 
 
94
71
 
 
4.1
 
 
88
66
 
 
4.6
 
 
79
55
 
 
4.5
 
 
68
44
 
 
3.8
 
 
60
38
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS
  • On average, the warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1954.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was 5 °F (−15 °C) in 1982.
  • The most precipitation on average occurs in May.

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

According to the city’s most recent Adopted Budget, the city’s various funds had $14.9 million in Revenues, $15.7 million in expenditures, and $4.4 million fund balance.[8]

Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by:[9]

Department Director
City Mayor Dick Stone
City Manager Mo Raissi
Director of Finance Roxanna Martin
Fire Chief Keith Fortner
Police Chief Andrew Hawkes
Director of Public Works Jordan Yutzy
Director of Water and Sewer Randall Chandler
Director of Development Services Jody Watson
Director of Streets James Worley
Library Director Trina Stidham

State governmentEdit

Jacksonville is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Robert Nichols, District 3, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Travis Clardy, District 11.

Federal governmentEdit

At the Federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Jacksonville is part of the Fifth Congressional District, represented by Republican Jeb Hensarling.

Library, MuseumEdit

The Jacksonville Public Library[10] has served the City of Jacksonville and Cherokee County for over 70 years. The Library is a member of the Texas Library Association, the Northeast Texas Library System and the Forest Trails Library Consortium.

Vanishing Texana Museum, located downtown, displays many local historical artifacts related to Jacksonville and its vicinity.

EducationEdit

The City of Jacksonville is served by the Jacksonville Independent School District. Jacksonville High School, the district's only high school, has "Fightin' Indians“/"Maidens" as mascots for its team sports.

Colleges, universitiesEdit

 
Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary, an entity of the Baptist Missionary Association of America, is located off State Highway 135 on the northeast side of the city.

Jacksonville College and the Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary, both of which are owned by the Baptist Missionary Association of America, are located in Jacksonville.

Lon Morris College, a United Methodist Church operated private junior college, was located in Jacksonville until ceasing operations in 2012.

GalleryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ Wal-Mart's "Meat Wars" With Union Sizzles On, HuffingtonPost.com, Al Norman--writer, March 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  6. ^ UFCW Timeline, Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ 2008-09 Adopted Budget Retrieved 2009-06-10
  9. ^ City of Jacksonville Retrieved 2009-06-03
  10. ^ Website, Jacksonville Public Library. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  11. ^ Bruce Channel Biography, IMDb. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  12. ^ "KENDRICK, John Benjamin, (1857 - 1933)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  13. ^ "Charles E. Maple". The Shreveport Times and Amarillo Globe-News through findagrave.com. November 26, 2006. Retrieved February 28, 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)

External linksEdit