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North to Alaska is a 1960 comedic Western/Northern film directed by Henry Hathaway and John Wayne (uncredited). The picture stars Wayne along with Stewart Granger, Ernie Kovacs, Fabian, and Capucine. The script is based on the play Birthday Gift by Ladislas Fodor and is set during the Nome gold rush.[6]

North to Alaska
North To Alaska 1960.jpg
1960 movie poster
Directed byHenry Hathaway
Produced byHenry Hathaway
John Lee Mahin (uncredited)
Charles Feldman (uncredited)
Written byJohn Lee Mahin
Martin Rackin
Claude Binyon
Wendell Mayes (uncredited)
Ben Hecht (uncredited)
Based onBirthday Gift
1939 play
by Ladislas Fodor from an idea by John Kafka[1]
StarringJohn Wayne
Stewart Granger
Capucine
Ernie Kovacs
Fabian
Music byLionel Newman
CinematographyLeon Shamroy
Edited byDorothy Spencer
Production
company
Distributed by20th Century Fox
Release date
  • November 13, 1960 (1960-11-13)
Running time
122 min.
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$3.8 million[2]
Box office$5 million (US/ Canada rentals) [3][4]
1,994,920 admissions (France)[5]

The movie featured Johnny Horton's song "North to Alaska", sung during the opening titles, setting up an introduction to the story.

Contents

PlotEdit

In 1901, after finding gold while panning in Nome, Alaska, on their claim, brothers George and Billy Pratt and partner Sam McCord have become rich. Sam plans to travel to Seattle, Washington, to purchase mining equipment; George also asks Sam to bring back his fiancée, Jenny Lamont, a French girl whom George has never met but has corresponded with for three years. Sam is disgusted by marriage, which he considers tantamount to slavery, and cannot understand why George would willingly seek matrimony, but he reluctantly agrees. Frankie Cannon, a recently arrived conman, runs into Sam in town and attempts to swindle him out of some of his money before he leaves.

After arriving in Seattle and finding that George's girl has already married another man, Sam brings back prostitute "Angel" as a substitute, giving her the gifts originally intended for Jenny. However, Angel misunderstands Sam's intentions, believing that Sam's offer is for her to be with Sam; during a reunion picnic of Sam's old logging friends the following day, Angel becomes enamored with Sam, who treats her like a respectable lady. On the boat trip, Angel learns of the misunderstanding. Sam intends for her to return to Seattle, but she disembarks at Nome, and plans to stay at the hotel until the return boat arrives. Since Sam has been gone, Frankie has become the owner of the hotel, having it won it from the previous owner in a game of cards. It is revealed that Frankie and Angel know each other from their past lives, and that Angel was formerly Frankie's girl. Refusing to stay in the hotel and become Frankie's girl again, Angel stages a fake fight, storms out of the hotel, and travels with Sam to the homestead where he and the Pratts live.

Upon arriving at the homestead, Sam immediately leaves to join George at a neighbor's claim, where claim jumpers are attempting to drive off the claim holders. After fighting off the claim jumpers, Sam notifies George that Jenny is married, and tells him about Angel. Meanwhile, 17-year-old Billy has become infatuated with Angel back at the homestead, and attempts to impress her by acting as if he is more worldly than he is. Upon his return to the claim, George rejects Angel outright, while Sam throws Billy into the river to sober up after a night of drinking. After spending some talking to Angel, George takes a liking to her and is willing to marry her. But once he realizes that she has fallen for his partner, and that Sam has been acting strangely because he is also in love with Angel, George spends the night in the "honeymoon cabin" pretending that he and Angel are madly in love in order to incite Sam's jealousy to the point that he will admit his love; instead, Sam gets increasingly frustrated and, as morning arrives, finally decides he's going to leave. Meanwhile, Frankie enacts a scam to swindle the claim away from Sam and the Pratts.

Soldiers arrive at the claim, interrupting Sam's preparations to leave, and announce to Sam and the Pratts that someone else has filed a claim to their land; until the dispute can be resolved, all work must halt and Sam and the Pratts cannot take any of the gold they have thus far acquired. When Sam resists, he is arrested and taken to town; George, Billy, and Angel all follow. In town, Sam discovers that Frankie has conned an illiterate drunk to fraudulently file a claim for their discovery. An all-out brawl in the town's muddy streets brings it all to an end, and Frankie's duplicity is uncovered to the authorities. The boat for Seattle has come early, and Angel decides to leave; however, she is convinced to stay once Sam yells out publicly that he loves her.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

 
Ernie Kovacs

Alaska was admitted to the Union as the 49th state in 1959 and was much in the news at the time. In early 1959 it was announced 20th Century Fox would make The Alaskans starring John Wayne and written by Martin Rackin and John Lee Mahin (the three men had just made The Horse Soldiers together).[7][8] The film was the first in a three-movie contract for Wayne with 20th Century Fox.

The first choice of director by Wayne was Henry Hathaway. He had a commitment to direct Woman Obsessed, however, and was replaced by Richard Fleischer, who had a contract with 20th Century Fox and had just made the successful Compulsion (1959). Fleischer was enthusiastic about making a John Wayne film but did not like the story. He says a prime force behind the film was the agent Charles Feldman, who represented Adler, Wayne, Rackin and Mahin, and whose girlfriend Capucine was to play the female lead. Adler insisted Fleischer make the film as John Wayne had committed without reading a script and might pull out if the director pulled out. Fleischer says he got out of the film by saying he did not want to work with Capucine.[9] Hathaway became available and his appointment was announced in March 1959.[10]

Spyros Skouras wanted the budget of the film reduced; that Hathaway did by reducing location shots.[11]

The movie spent a long time in pre-production (during which it was also known as Go North[12]) and was delayed by the writers strike and Wayne's involvement in making The Alamo (1960), a passion project of his that ended up costing the actor millions of his own money.[13] Shooting on North to Alaska did not start until May 1960.

CastingEdit

Gary Crosby was reportedly cast as Granger's brother until replaced by Fabian, a pop singer who 20th Century Fox had just tried to turn into a film star with Hound Dog Man. The movie was not a success but the studio felt that Fabian might attract younger movie goers in support roles.[14][15]

ShootingEdit

Shooting began in May 1960 under the title Go North. Most of the film was shot in Point Mugu, California.[16] The Wayne and Granger "honeymoon" cabin scenes were filmed along steaming Hot Creek near volcanic Mammoth Mountain. Mt. Morrison appears in the background of many views.

Production started without a completed script and the movie wound up being heavily improvised. John Wayne said during the shoot:

I went to see Buddy (Buddy Adler, studio head at Fox) and Skouros (Spyros Skouros, president of Fox) and told them we didn't even have a finished script. They're supposed to have been preparing this thing for a year, but Adler tells me he'll whip it into shape personally in a few days. Then he takes off for London and Skouras heads for New York. Henry is a fine director, but he shouldn't have to be making up scenes ... Of course Marty Rackin and John Mahin, who were supposed to produce and who worked on the script, left the picture to do television. Then the writers strike came along. I guess the studio thought the strike would be ended before we started the picture. All I know is, I'd go broke if I tried this in an independent production.[17]

"This is great," Ernie Kovacs told a journalist as he lounged by a pool. "I've been here since 9 this morning and we're behind schedule, so I haven't even put on my costume. I didn't do anything during the actors' strike and now I'm back at work and I'm still not doing anything. It's a great way to make a living."[17] Fabian enjoyed working with John Wayne. "What you saw is what you got," recalled the singer. "He was incredible. He was very nice to me."[18]

Stewart Granger's marriage to Jean Simmons ended during filming. A divorce was granted in August 1960.[19]

The movie finished filming by August 1960, was edited through September and released in November.

Theme songEdit

The theme song's lyrics during the opening titles provide a back story for the point where the film begins: Sam McCord left Seattle in 1892 with George and Billy Pratt, "crossed the Yukon river" and "found the bonanza gold below that old white mountain just a little southeast of Nome." By "1901" Sam was known as "a mighty man," and his partner George then tells him, "I'd trade all the gold that's buried in this land for one small band of gold to place on sweet little Jenny's hand." George feels that Jenny is his "true love," and he declares he will "build for my Jenny a honeymoon home" below the same mountain where gold was discovered. An instrumental of the song is also played at the saloon on a piano when Sam and Angel arrive in Nome.

The song lyrics were written by Mike Phillips, and it was released on 22 August 1960 . It proved to be a success when it topped the Billboard country charts for five weeks in Jan./Feb. 1961 and crossed over to peak at #4 on the pop charts.

However, Horton didn't live to see its success, as he died in a traffic collision 5 November 1960 (eight days before the film release), and his death may have contributed to the song's success. Horton sang other tie-in songs, the most famous being the song for Sink the Bismarck!. Horton had previously topped the country charts with his song "When It's Springtime in Alaska" in 1959 and with his monster hit of the same year, The Battle of New Orleans.

ReceptionEdit

CriticalEdit

The Los Angeles Times called it "old fashioned but enjoyable entertainment".[20]

Box OfficeEdit

The film was popular at the box office, earning $10 million and making Fox a comfortable profit.[21]

AwardsEdit

Fabian's performance won him the "Uncrossed Heart" award for least Promising Actor of 1960 in Harvard Lampoon's Annual Movie awards.[22]

Comic book adaptionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Yale Finding Aid Database : Guide to the Edmond Pauker Papers".
  2. ^ Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p. 253
  3. ^ "All-Time Top Grossers", Variety, 8 January 1964 p 69
  4. ^ Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p. 229
  5. ^ Box office information for Stewart Granger films in France at Box Office Story
  6. ^ TCM, North to Alaska, retrieved 2011-11-04
  7. ^ Option of $1 Puts Pair in Business: Rackin, Mahdin Parlay It Into $5 Million 'Horse Soldiers' Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 09 Feb 1959: C11.
  8. ^ Pryor, Thomas M. (22 Jan 1959). "FOX LISTS 34 FILMS IN RECORD BUDGET: Studio to Invest 66 Million in 1959 -- Musicians Unit Files Unfairness Charge". New York Times. p. 27.
  9. ^ Fleischer, Richard Just Tell Me When to Cry 1993 Carroll and Graf p 16-24
  10. ^ BRITON TO WRITE U. S. MOVIE SCRIPT: Bridget Boland Assigned to 'Devil at Four O'Clock' -Hathaway Gets Job By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times 18 Mar 1959: 46.
  11. ^ p. 236 Davis, Ronald L. Duke: The Life and Image of John Wayne, University of Oklahoma Press, 2002.
  12. ^ Kovacs Latest Star Due to 'Go North': Mrs. Sessue 'Introduced'; 'Armored Commitand' Alerted Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 2 May 1960: C11.
  13. ^ David Steritt, "North to Alaska", Turner Classic Movies accessed 9 July 2014
  14. ^ "All the Actors in Tony Crawley's Casting Calls".
  15. ^ Vagg, Stephen (26 August 2019). "The Cinema of Fabian". Diabolique.
  16. ^ Roberts, Randy & Olson, James Stewart. John Wayne: American, University of Nebraska Press, 1997, p. 481.
  17. ^ a b SCRIPTLESS IN 'NOME', CALIFORNIA: Lack of Scenario Is No Bar to the Shooting of 'Go North' By THOMAS McDONALD. New York Times 19 June 1960: X7.
  18. ^ Jack Neary, "Interview with Fabian" Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine accessed 18 January 2014
  19. ^ Parish, James Robert; Stanke, Don E. (1976). The swashbucklers. Arlington House.
  20. ^ There's Lots of Punch in 'North to Alaska' Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times 24 Nov 1960: C16.
  21. ^ Roberts, Randy; Olson, James Stuart (1995). John Wayne : American. Free Press. p. 484.
  22. ^ Harvard Lampoon Calls 'Butterfield 8' the Worst Los Angeles Times 29 Mar 1961: 26.
  23. ^ "Dell Four Color #1155". Grand Comics Database.
  24. ^ Dell Four Color #1155 at the Comic Book DB

External linksEdit