João Pinheiro Chagas

João Pinheiro Chagas (1 September 1863 – 28 May 1925; Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈɐ̃w̃ piˈɲɐjɾu ˈʃaɡɐʃ]) was a Portuguese journalist and politician. He was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, of Portuguese parents who soon moved back to Portugal. He was an editor at the newspapers O Primeiro de Janeiro, Correio do Norte, O Tempo and O Dia. After becoming a republican, he also founded the República Portuguesa and was the director of O País (1898).

João Chagas
Joao Pinheiro Chagas.jpg
56th Prime Minister of Portugal
(2nd of the Republic)
In office
3 September 1911 – 12 November 1911
PresidentManuel de Arriaga
Preceded byAntónio Teixeira de Sousa (effective)
Teófilo Braga (as President of the Provisional Government)
Succeeded byAugusto de Vasconcelos
Minister for Internal Affairs
In office
3 September 1911 – 12 November 1911
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byAntónio José de Almeida
Succeeded bySilvestre Falcão
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
3 September 1911 – 12 October 1911
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byBernardino Machado
Succeeded byAugusto de Vasconcelos
Interim Prime Minister of Portugal
(did not take office)
In office
15 May 1915 – 17 May 1915
PresidentManuel de Arriaga
Preceded byJoaquim Pimenta de Castro (effective)
Constitutional Junta composed of:
José Norton de Matos
António Maria da Silva
José de Freitas Ribeiro
Alfredo de Sá Cardoso
Álvaro de Castro
Succeeded byJosé de Castro
Minister for Internal Affairs
In office
15 May 1915 – 17 May 1915
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byPedro Gomes Teixera
Succeeded byJosé de Castro
Personal details
Born(1863-09-01)1 September 1863
Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil
Died28 May 1925(1925-05-28) (aged 61)
Estoril, Portugal
Political partyPortuguese Republican Party
(later Independent)
OccupationDiplomat,
journalist,
newspaper editor,
literary critic
and writer
Signature

Fierce republicanEdit

 
A younger João Chagas.

The monarchist government's reaction to the British Ultimatum of January 1890 that forced Portugal to renounce its extravagant claims to the territories that lay between Portuguese Angola and Portuguese Mozambique, made him a fierce republican and one of Portugal's most fervent anti-monarchy journalists and propagandists.

Political careerEdit

After the proclamation of the republic, on 5 October 1910, he was appointed minister in Paris, and, the following year, after the end of the term of the provisional government, he was chosen to lead the first constitutional government of the Portuguese First Republic. It was in power for only two months, from 4 September to 13 November 1911. This was a sad prelude to the political instability of the First Republic. On 17 May 1915, he was again appointed President of the Ministry (Prime Minister), but he didn't take office. He remained a diplomat until his retirement in 1923. He died in Estoril, aged 60.

Preceded by
António Teixeira de Sousa
(effective)
Teófilo Braga
(interim, as President of the
Provisional Government)
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

1911
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)
but didn't take office

1915
Succeeded by