Open main menu

Jiyuan (simplified Chinese: 济源; traditional Chinese: 濟源; pinyin: Jǐyuán) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northwestern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It borders the prefecture-level cities of Jiaozuo and Luoyang to the east and southwest respectively, as well as the province of Shanxi to the north.

Jiyuan

济源市
Location of Jiyuan City jurisdiction in Henan
Location of Jiyuan City jurisdiction in Henan
Jiyuan is located in China
Jiyuan
Jiyuan
Location in China
Coordinates: 35°04′01″N 112°36′07″E / 35.067°N 112.602°E / 35.067; 112.602Coordinates: 35°04′01″N 112°36′07″E / 35.067°N 112.602°E / 35.067; 112.602
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Area
 • Total1,931 km2 (746 sq mi)
Population
 • Total660,000
 • Density340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal Code
454650
Area code(s)0391
GDP¥12.076 billion (2004)
Major NationalitiesHan
Township-level divisions16
License plate prefixesU
Websitejiyuan.gov.cn

Contents

AdministrationEdit

The sub-prefecture-level city of Jiyuan administers 8 towns, 4 townships and 4 subdistricts. Jiyuan is named after the Ji river whose source is said to be a spring located on the west of the city.

HistoryEdit

Jiyuan was a county belonging to Jiaozuo City in the past, then it was divided from the city. The former Ji River—one of the ancient "Four Rivers", alongside the Yangtze, Huai, and Yellow Rivers—originated around Jiyuan, which was the source of its name, Chinese for "Source of the Ji". (Today, the Ji has been entirely subsumed by the Yellow River, which shifted to the bed of the Ji during its massive 1852 flood.)[1] According to the latest archaeological findings, as early as around 10,000 years ago, precisely at the end of the Paleolithic Period and the beginning of the Neolithic Period, people have lived here. It used to be the capital of the Xia Dynasty and was well known for its wealth between the Period of Warring States and Han Dynasty.

AgricultureEdit

There are many crops grown in Jiyuan, such as wheat, peanut, cotton, sweet potato, maize and others.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Jiyuan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(42)
8
(46)
14
(57)
21
(69)
27
(80)
32
(89)
32
(89)
30
(86)
26
(78)
21
(69)
14
(57)
8
(46)
20
(67)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(26)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
9
(48)
15
(59)
20
(68)
23
(73)
22
(71)
16
(60)
10
(50)
3
(37)
−2
(28)
10
(49)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.3)
10
(0.5)
30
(1.0)
40
(1.5)
50
(2.1)
70
(2.6)
140
(5.6)
100
(3.8)
80
(3.1)
50
(1.8)
30
(1.1)
10
(0.4)
600
(23.7)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

TransportationEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Pletcher & al. (2011), p. 171.
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jiyuan, China". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

BibliographyEdit