Jiaozuo

Jiaozuo (Chinese: 焦作; pinyin: Jiāozuò [tɕjáu.tswô]; postal: Tsiaotso) is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of Henan province, China. Sitting on the northern bank of the Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the south, Xinxiang to the east, Jiyuan to the west, Luoyang to the southwest, and the province of Shanxi to the north. Jiaozuo is one of the core cities of the Central Plains urban agglomeration and a regional central city along the Shanxi–Henan border area.[1]

Jiaozuo

焦作市

Tsiaotso
Top:View of Red Stone Gorge and waterfall in Yuntai Mountain Geological Park, Bottom left:View of Qingling Valley, Bottom upper right:Jiaozuo Sports Stadium, Bottom lower right:Jiaozuo Television Tower and Longyuan Lake
Top:View of Red Stone Gorge and waterfall in Yuntai Mountain Geological Park, Bottom left:View of Qingling Valley, Bottom upper right:Jiaozuo Sports Stadium, Bottom lower right:Jiaozuo Television Tower and Longyuan Lake
Jiaozuo in Henan
Jiaozuo in Henan
Jiaozuo is located in North China Plain
Jiaozuo
Jiaozuo
Location on the North China Plain
Jiaozuo is located in China
Jiaozuo
Jiaozuo
Jiaozuo (China)
Coordinates (Jiaozuo municipal government): 35°12′57″N 113°14′31″E / 35.2157°N 113.2419°E / 35.2157; 113.2419Coordinates: 35°12′57″N 113°14′31″E / 35.2157°N 113.2419°E / 35.2157; 113.2419
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Municipal seatJiefang District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city4,071 km2 (1,572 sq mi)
 • Urban
413.8 km2 (159.8 sq mi)
 • Metro
896.3 km2 (346.1 sq mi)
Elevation
139 m (456 ft)
Population
 (2017 census)
 • Prefecture-level city3,755,100 link
 • Urban
2,064,500link
 • Metro
1,301,732
 • Metro density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
454000
Area code(s)0391
ISO 3166 codeCN-HA-08
GDP¥2,342.80(2017) link
Major NationalitiesHan, Hui
County-level divisions10
Township-level divisions116
License plate prefixesH
Websitelink

Its population was 3,700,000 at a 2016 estimate whom 1,301,732 live in the built-up area made of 4 urban districts (Jiefang, Shanyang, Zhongzhan and Macun) and Bo'ai County being urbanized.

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Jiaozuo administers 4 districts, 2 county-level cities and 4 counties.

Map

HistoryEdit

The city was founded on an industrial site left by the British after the First and Second Opium Wars (1839–1860). Jiaozuo was established as a city in 1953. Mao Zedong has written praise about the hard work of people from Jiaozuo in the coal industry.

GeographyEdit

Jiaozuo has a temperate semi-arid climate (Köppen BWk) with four distinct seasons; owing to the shielding influence of the Taihang Mountains, temperatures in the urban core of Jiaozuo are warmer than in Xinxiang and Zhengzhou. Winters are cool and relatively dry while summers are hot and often rainy. The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 1.3 °C (34.3 °F) in January to 27.7 °C (81.9 °F) in July, with the annual mean temperature at 15.61 °C (60.1 °F). Extremes exist from −22.4 °C (−8.3 °F) to 43.6 °C (110.5 °F).[citation needed] Precipitation averages 552 mm (21.7 in) annually.

Climate data for Jiaozuo (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
9.5
(49.1)
15.1
(59.2)
22.4
(72.3)
27.8
(82.0)
32.3
(90.1)
32.1
(89.8)
30.8
(87.4)
27.2
(81.0)
22.0
(71.6)
14.4
(57.9)
8.0
(46.4)
20.6
(69.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
4.6
(40.3)
9.8
(49.6)
16.9
(62.4)
22.3
(72.1)
26.8
(80.2)
27.7
(81.9)
26.5
(79.7)
22.2
(72.0)
16.6
(61.9)
9.3
(48.7)
3.3
(37.9)
15.6
(60.1)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
0.3
(32.5)
5.0
(41.0)
11.5
(52.7)
16.8
(62.2)
21.4
(70.5)
23.7
(74.7)
22.7
(72.9)
17.7
(63.9)
11.7
(53.1)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
11.0
(51.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.5
(0.30)
10.6
(0.42)
22.3
(0.88)
23.6
(0.93)
50.4
(1.98)
65.1
(2.56)
137.4
(5.41)
112.6
(4.43)
60.8
(2.39)
34.0
(1.34)
20.1
(0.79)
7.2
(0.28)
551.6
(21.71)
Average relative humidity (%) 55 55 55 56 59 59 74 76 71 64 60 56 62
Source: China Meteorological Administration[2]

EconomyEdit

Jiaozuo is noted for its blast furnaces and machine construction industries. The total GDP of the city in 2017 was 234.28 billion yuan, an increase of 7.4% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 13.733 billion yuan, up 4.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 13.841 billion yuan, up 6.7%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 81.143 billion yuan, up 9.1%. The per capita GDP reached 65,936 yuan. The three industrial structures changed from 6.4:59.3:34.3 of 2016 to 5.9:59.5:34.6.link

TransportEdit

Jiaozuo is the northern terminus of the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway and the southern terminus of the Taiyuan-Jiaozuo Railway. The city is linked via rail to nearby cities Luoyang, Xinxiang and Nanyang in Henan and Jincheng in Shanxi.

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Henan Polytechnic University (HPU),[3] with a history of nearly 100 years, is the first mining university in Chinese history. Its former is Jiaozuo Coal Mining School which was established by the British Syndicate Co. Ltd., in 1909. It has changed its names several times in the course of development, namely, FuZhong Coal Mining University, Jiaozuo Private Institute of Technology, North-west Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo National Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo Mining Institute and Jiaozuo Institute of Technology. The University resumed its name of Henan Polytechnic University in 2004.

Natural SceneryEdit

Jiaozuo is located adjacent to the Yellow River and is just south of the Taihang Mountain.

Yuntai Mountain, Qing Tian River, Qing Long Cape, Shen Nong Mountain.

Yuntai Mountain is said to have the waterfall with main cascade of 314 meters in height, together with numerous smaller cascades.

On February 13, 2004, Yuntai Mountain as the fifth in the world, the third in the country China, was named the world's first World Geopark by UNESCO and caused attention at home and abroad. Meanwhile, Yuntaishan is also a national scenic spot, National Civilized Scenic Area, the first national AAAAA-level scenic spot, national natural heritage, national forest parks, national macaque nature reserve. Yuntain Mountain also has Asia's highest head drop waterfall.

Other landmarksEdit

Amongst Jiaozuo's best sights are:

  • Old city with tombs
  • Old rocks-hanging Taiping temple with cave grottoes
  • Giant red new Jiaozuo temple
  • TV tower
  • Large futuristic Jiaozuo Sport centre
  • Renmin bridge
  • Building of People's government
  • City's tallest building

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 焦作市城市总体规划(2011~2020年)获国务院批准_河南要闻_河南省人民政府门户网站. Henan People's Government.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-13.
  3. ^ 河南理工大学. Henan Polytechnic University.

External linksEdit