Taihang Mountains

The Taihang Mountains (Chinese: 太行山; pinyin: Tàiháng Shān) are a Chinese mountain range running down the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau in Shanxi, Henan and Hebei provinces. The range extends over 400 kilometres (250 mi)[1] from north to south and has an average elevation of 1,500 to 2,000 metres (4,900 to 6,600 feet). The principal peak is Mount Xiaowutai (2,882 metres (9,455 feet)).[1] The Taihang's eastern peak is Mount Cangyan in Hebei; Baishi Mountain forms its northern tip.

Taihang Mountains
Highest point
PeakMount Xiaowutai
Elevation2,882 m (9,455 ft)
Length400 km (250 mi)
ProvincesShanxi, Henan and Hebei
Range coordinates38°N 113°E / 38°N 113°E / 38; 113Coordinates: 38°N 113°E / 38°N 113°E / 38; 113

The Taihang Mountains were formed during the Jurassic. Brown forest and cinnamon soils are found here.[2]

The name of Shanxi Province, meaning "west of the mountains", derives from its location west of the Taihang Mountains,[3] as does the name of Shandong Province (east of the mountains).[4]

The Hai River system runs through the Taihang Mountains.[2] The Red Flag Canal is located on the south edge of the Taihang Mountains.

The Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan high-speed railway crosses under the Taihang Mountains via the Taihang Tunnel, which, at almost 28 kilometres (17 mi), is the third longest railway tunnel in China.

Scenery of Taihang Mountain

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Shanxi | province, China". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
  2. ^ a b "Taihang Mountains | mountains, China". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
  3. ^ "山西省情概况" (in Chinese). Taiwan.cn. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  4. ^ "山东历史" (in Chinese). sdchina.com. 27 September 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2018.

External linksEdit