Jinshan Nuclear Power Plant

The Jinshan Nuclear Power Plant or Chin Shan Nuclear Power Plant[3] (金山核能發電廠), First Nuclear Power Plant (第一核能發電廠 or 核一), is a nuclear power plant being definitely shutdown in Shimen District, New Taipei, Taiwan. Commissioned in 1978, the plant was Taiwan's first and smallest nuclear power plant.

Jinshan Nuclear Power Plant
Wongwt 台電第一核能發電廠 (16609015903).jpg
Official name金山核能發電廠
CountryRepublic of China
LocationQianhua, Shimen, New Taipei[1]
Coordinates25°17′9″N 121°35′10″E / 25.28583°N 121.58611°E / 25.28583; 121.58611Coordinates: 25°17′9″N 121°35′10″E / 25.28583°N 121.58611°E / 25.28583; 121.58611
StatusBeing decommissioned
Commission date10 December 1978 (Unit 1)
15 July 1979 (Unit 2)[2]
Decommission dateDecember 2018 (Unit 1) - July 2019 (Unit 2)
Owner(s)Taipower
Operator(s)
Nuclear power station
Reactor typeBWR-4
Power generation
Units operational2 x 604 MW
Nameplate capacity1,208 MW
Capacity factor85.0%
Annual net output9,000 GW·h
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

ConstructionEdit

The village of Qianhua, in Shimen District, Taipei, primarily populated by a family surnamed Lien, was demolished to construct the Jinshan Nuclear Power Plant as a response to the 1970s energy crisis, and incorporated into the Ten Major Construction Projects in 1973.[4]

GenerationEdit

Jinshan began generating power on 16 November 1977, and started commercial operations in December 1978.[4]

The power plant can generate 9 billion kWh of electricity per year.[5]

The two spent fuel pools at the plant have 3,074 and 3,076 spent nuclear fuel assemblies, respectively, with a maximum storage of 3,083 assemblies per pool.[6]

Decommissioning planEdit

Taipower, as the operator of the power plant, was required by the Radiation Monitoring Center of the Atomic Energy Council to hand in the 2018 decommissioning plans for the plant by December 2015 for the authority to review all of the plans before the decommissioning date. Once the reactors have been shut down, the plant should be dismantled within 25 years.[1]

Taipower plans to allocate NT$18.2 billion for the disposal of nuclear waste from the decommissioned plant over the next 25 years. Currently Taipower is doing feasibility study of building a nuclear waste storage facility on an uninhabited island around Taiwan.[7]

EventsEdit

The July 2013 Typhoon Soulik caused a trip to the generator and turbine of the power plant Unit-2 because one suspension ground line failed and hit the transmission line when the typhoon hit the island on 13–14 July. The typhoon also caused the seawater inlet to be blocked by large amount of debris and damaged three fine filters, traveling filter rake and the plant's switchyard. The damage caused the plant to be offline for several days.[8][9]

In August 2013, it was reported that there might have been radioactive water leaks for three years from the storage pools of the nuclear power plant's two reactors. Official from Taipower said that the water might come from different sources, such as condensation water or water used for cleaning up the floors. The water however has been collected in a reservoir next to the storage pools used for spent nuclear rods and has been recycled back into the storage pools, thus is claimed to pose no threat to the environment.[10]

In December 2013, the circulating pump of the second reactor tripped due to the low lube oil pressure which caused a built-in lube oil pump. The Atomic Energy Council was criticized due to their very slow respond in giving answers to the public only 10 hours after the trip.[11]

On 4 August 2016, smoke rose out from the power plant resulted from unstable voltage frequency which caused external circuit breakers to trip and produced smoke.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Taipower working towards decommissioning of Chinshan Nuclear plant - Power Insider AsiaPower Insider Asia". Pimagazine-asia.com. Archived from the original on 2016-08-27. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  2. ^ "Taiwan Nuclear Power". World-nuclear.org. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  3. ^ "Chin Shan Nuclear Power Plant". Power Technology. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  4. ^ a b Han Cheung (14 November 2021). "Taiwan in Time: The dawn of Taiwan's nuclear age". Taipei Times. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Taipower mulls extending use of three nuclear plants". Taipei Times. 2014-04-24. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  6. ^ "Nuclear power rotation plan mulled". 28 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Taipower mulling plan for nuclear waste treatment".
  8. ^ "Taiwan's Chinshan-2 Faces Repairs After Typhoon Shutdown". Nucnet.org. 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  9. ^ "Taiwan reactor offline after typhoon". World-nuclear-news.org. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  10. ^ 08/09/2013 12:07 am EDT (2013-08-09). "Taiwan's First Nuclear Power Plant In Shihmen May Have Been Leaking Radioactive Water For 3 Years". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  11. ^ "AEC criticized on Jinshan plant safety". Taipei Times. 2014-04-24. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-08. Retrieved 2016-08-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)