Shimen District

Shimen District (Chinese: 石門; pinyin: Shímén Qū; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chio̍h-mn̂g-khu), also known as Shihmen, is a sparsely populated rural district in the northern part of New Taipei City in northern Taiwan. It is part of the north coast scenic area and includes Taiwan's northernmost point, Cape Fugui.

Shimen

石門區

Shihmen, Seimon, Chomong
Shimen District
The Fuguijiao Lighthouse at Taiwan's northernmost point
The Fuguijiao Lighthouse at Taiwan's northernmost point
Location of Shimen in New Taipei City
Location of Shimen in New Taipei City
Coordinates: 25°16′07″N 121°34′17″E / 25.26861°N 121.57139°E / 25.26861; 121.57139Coordinates: 25°16′07″N 121°34′17″E / 25.26861°N 121.57139°E / 25.26861; 121.57139
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionNorthern Taiwan
Special municipalityNew Taipei City
Area
 • Total51.26 km2 (19.79 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2016)
 • Total12,645
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
253
Websitehttp://www.shimen.ntpc.gov.tw
Shimen District
Chinese石門區
Literal meaningStone Gate

HistoryEdit

While known to earlier explorers, including the Dutch, the area was first explicitly mentioned in Chinese annals in 1694 as Shimenshan (石門山; 'Stone Gate Mountain').[1] During the period of Imperial Japanese rule, Shimen was called Sekimon Village (石門庄), and was governed under Tamsui District of Taihoku Prefecture. In 1945 when the Kuomintang took over administration of Taiwan the area became Shimen Rural Township, a part of Taipei County. With the reorganization of Taipei County in 2010, Shimen became a district of the newly created New Taipei City.

GeographyEdit

 
Map including Shimen (labeled as Shih-men (Sekimon) 石門) (1950)

The interior of Shimen is predominantly mountainous, with small areas of flat land on the coast.[2] The district is bordered to the north by the East China Sea, to the southwest by Sanzhi District, and to the southeast by Jinshan District.

AdministrationEdit

Shimen is part of New Taipei City, a special municipality under the Republic of China government. The district itself is divided into nine villages: Shanxi (山溪), Shimen (石門), Laomei (老梅), Jianlu (尖鹿), Maolin (茂林), Caoli (草里), Qianhua/Cianhua (乾華), Fuji (富基), and Demao (德茂).[1][3][4]

EconomyEdit

Tourism is a major contributor to the economy of Shimen, which also produces a number of agricultural goods including mandarins, peanuts, and tea.

EducationEdit

Shimen has one junior high school, Shimen Junior High, and three elementary schools; Shimen, Laomei and Qianhua.

Tourist attractionsEdit

Historical buildingsEdit

The Fuguijiao Lighthouse is located at Cape Fugui.

NatureEdit

Shimen is home to Baisha Bay.

FestivalsEdit

Shimen has also been home to an annual kite festival since the year 2000, drawing competitors from around the world.[5]

OthersEdit

The district houses the Fuji Fishing Port.

InfrastructureEdit

Shimen is the site location for Taiwan's first nuclear power plant, the Jinshan Nuclear Power Plant.

TransportationEdit

The main road route through the district is the Provincial Highway 2. It is also served by a number of other county-level roads. There is no rail transportation in the district.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 歷史沿革 [Historical Development] (in Chinese). Shimen District Office. Archived from the original on 2012-04-29.
  2. ^ 石門簡介 [Introduction to Shimen]. Shihmen Farmers' Association. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
  3. ^ "Villages Introduction". 石門區公所EN Shimen District Office, New Taipei City Government (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 July 2019. the current administrative area contains 9 villages, which include Demao, Fuji, Laomei, Shanxi, Shimen, Jianlu, Qianhua, Maolin, and Caoli.
  4. ^ "2018 Local Elections". Central Election Commission (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 July 2019. Demao Vil. Fuji Vil. Laomei Vil. Shanxi Vil. Shimen Vil. Jianlu Vil. Ganhua[sic] Vil. Maolin Vil. Caoli Vil., Chinese version: [1]
  5. ^ Shan, Shelley (2008-09-24). "Shihmen to launch kite festival". Taipei Times.