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James Dennis Carroll (August 1, 1949 – September 11, 2009) was an American author, poet, autobiographer, and punk musician. Carroll was best known for his 1978 autobiographical work The Basketball Diaries; the book inspired a 1995 film of the same title that starred Leonardo DiCaprio as Carroll.
James Dennis Carroll
August 1, 1949
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
|Died||September 11, 2009 (aged 60)|
|Occupation||Author, poet, musician|
|Known for||The Basketball Diaries|
Carroll was born to a working-class family of Irish descent, and grew up in New York City's Lower East Side. When he was about 11 (in the sixth grade) his family moved north to Inwood in Upper Manhattan. He was taught by the LaSalle Christian Brothers. In fall 1963, he entered public school, but was soon awarded a scholarship to the elite Trinity School. He attended Trinity from 1964 to 1968.
Carroll was a basketball star in high school, but also developed an addiction to heroin. He financed his drug habit by engaging in prostitution in the vicinity of 53rd Street and Third Avenue in Manhattan. Carroll briefly attended Wagner College and Columbia University. He dated Patti Smith.
While still in high school, Carroll published his first collection of poems, Organic Trains. Already attracting the attention of the local literati, his work began appearing in the Poetry Project's magazine The World in 1967. Soon his work was being published in elite literary magazines like Paris Review in 1968, and Poetry the following year. In 1970, his second collection of poems, 4 Ups and 1 Down was published, and he started working for Andy Warhol. At first, he was writing film dialogue and inventing character names; later on, Carroll worked as the co-manager of Warhol's Theater. Carroll's first publication by a mainstream publisher (Grossman Publishers), the poetry collection Living at the Movies, was published in 1973.
In 1978, Carroll published The Basketball Diaries, an autobiographical book concerning his life as a teenager in New York City's hard drug culture. Diaries is an edited collection of the diaries he kept during his high school years; it details his sexual experiences, his high school basketball career, and his addiction to heroin.
In 1987, Carroll wrote a second memoir, Forced Entries: The Downtown Diaries 1971–1973, continuing his autobiography into his early adulthood in the New York City music and art scene as well as his struggle to kick his drug habit.
After working as a musician, Carroll returned to writing full-time in the mid-1980s and began to appear regularly on the spoken-word circuit. Starting in 1991, Carroll performed readings from his then-in-progress first novel, The Petting Zoo.
In 1978, after he moved to California to get a fresh start since overcoming his heroin addiction, Carroll formed Amsterdam, a new wave/punk rock group, with encouragement from Patti Smith, with whom he once shared an apartment in New York City, along with Robert Mapplethorpe. The musicians were Steve Linsley (bass), Wayne Woods (drums - he had previously been in hard rock band, Estus), Brian Linsley and Terrell Winn (guitars). He performed a spoken word piece with the Patti Smith Group in San Diego when the support band dropped out at the last moment.
They changed their name to The Jim Carroll Band and were able to secure a recording contract with Atlantic Records with the support of the Rolling Stones’ Keith Richards. They released a single, "People Who Died", taken from their 1980 debut album Catholic Boy, originally intended to be released on Rolling Stones Records. The album featured contributions from Allen Lanier and Bobby Keys. The first known use of "People Who Died" in film was in Steven Spielberg's 1982 film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial opening the first scene with dialogue while the boys play Dungeons & Dragons. It was also used in the 1985 Kim Richards film Tuff Turf starring James Spader and Robert Downey Jr., which also featured a cameo appearance by the band. It was also used in 2004's Dawn of the Dead, and in the 2015 episode "eps1.9_zer0-day.avi" in Season 1 of Mr. Robot. It was featured in the 1995 film The Basketball Diaries (based on Carroll's autobiography), and was covered by John Cale on his Antártida soundtrack. The song also was covered by the super group Hollywood Vampires on their album Rise with vocals by Johnny Depp. The song's title was based on a poem by Ted Berrigan. Later albums were Dry Dreams (1982) and I Write Your Name (1983), both with contributions from Lenny Kaye and Paul Sanchez (guitar). Carroll also collaborated with musicians Lou Reed, Blue Öyster Cult, Boz Scaggs, Ray Manzarek of The Doors, Pearl Jam, Electric Light Orchestra and Rancid.
Personal life and deathEdit
Carroll died of a heart attack at his Manhattan home on September 11, 2009, at the age of 60. At the time of his death, he was in ill health due to pneumonia and hepatitis C. He was reportedly working at his desk when he died. His funeral Mass was held at Our Lady of Pompeii Catholic Church on Carmine St. in Greenwich Village.
- Organic Trains (1967)
- 4 Ups and 1 Down (1970)
- Living at the Movies (1973)
- The Book of Nods (1986)
- Fear of Dreaming (1993)
- Void of Course: Poems 1994–1997 (1998) ISBN 0-14-058909-0
- 8 Fragments of Kurt Cobain (1994)
- Catholic Boy (1980)
- Live Dreams (1981)
- Dry Dreams (1982)
- I Write Your Name (1983)
- A World Without Gravity: Best of The Jim Carroll Band (1993)
- Pools of Mercury (1998)  (2012 Digital Download) 
- Runaway EP (2000)
- Praying Mantis (1991) (2008 Digipak reissue) 
- The Basketball Diaries (1994)
- Pools of Mercury (1998)
- Live at Max's Kansas City, The Velvet Underground (1972)
- Club Ninja, Blue Öyster Cult (1985)
- Mistrial, Lou Reed (1986)
- Other Roads, Boz Scaggs (1988)
- Between Thought and Expression: The Lou Reed Anthology, Lou Reed (1992)
- ...And Out Come the Wolves, Rancid (1995)
- Catholic Boy, Pearl Jam (1995)
- Feeling You Up, Truly (1997)
- Yes I Ram, Jon Tiven Group (1999)
Compilations and soundtracksEdit
- The Dial-a-Poem Poets (1972)
- Disconnected (1974)
- The Nova Convention (1979), with a once-only Frank Zappa performance
- One World Poetry (1981)
- Better an Old Demon than a New God (1984)
- Tuff Turf soundtrack (1985)
- Release #8 - 1993 (1993)
- Back to the Streets: Celebrating the Music of Don Covay (1993)
- Sedated in the Eighties (1993)
- New Wave Dance Hits: Just Can't Get Enough, Vol. 6 (1994)
- The Basketball Diaries (soundtrack) (1995)
- Put Your Tongue to the Rail: The Philly Comp for Catholic Children (Songs of the Jim Carroll Band) (1999)
- WBCN Naked 2000 (1999)
- Dawn of the Dead (2004)
- The Darwin Awards (2005)
- Grimes, William (September 13, 2009). "Jim Carroll, Poet and Punk Rocker, Is Dead at 60". The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2012.(subscription required)
- Mallon, Thomas (December 6, 2010). "Off the Rim: Jim Carroll's "The Petting Zoo"". The New Yorker. New York City: Condé Nast. pp. 90–93. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- Williams, Alex (September 25, 2009). "The Last Days of Jim Carroll". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
- "Jim Carroll: Poet, punk rocker and author of 'The Basketball Diaries'". The Independent. London, England: Independent Print Ltd. October 26, 2009.
- "Jim Carroll: author of The Basketball Diaries". The Times. September 15, 2009. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- O'Hehir, Andrew (April 12, 1995). "A Poet Half-Devoured – Jim Carroll Feature Articles". CatholicBoy.com. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- Goldman, Marlene (January 8, 1999). "Mercury Rising (1999) – Jim Carroll Interviews". CatholicBoy.com. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Living at the Movies, First Edition - Books by Jim Carroll - CatholicBoy.com". Catholicboy.com. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Grimes, William (September 14, 2009). "Jim Carroll, Poet and Punk Rocker Who Wrote 'The Basketball Diaries', Dies at 60". The New York Times. New York City.
- "ON LOCATION : Sex, Drugs, Pick and Roll : Jim Carroll's cult favorite 'The Basketball Diaries' is finally making it to the screen. It seems everyone wanted to star. Leonardo DiCaprio made the cut". Los Angeles Times. July 24, 1994. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Carroll, Jim (1987). Forced Entries: The Downtown Diaries 1971-1973. New York City: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0140085020.
- Woo, Elaine (September 14, 2009). "Jim Carroll dies at 60; poet and punk rocker wrote about travails in 'The Basketball Diaries'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "The romance of junkie paranoia". The Globe and Mail, September 14, 1995.
- Smith, Patti (2010). Just Kids. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 162–164, 166–167. ISBN 978-0-06-093622-8.
- Jim Carroll at AllMusic
- MacAdams, Lewis (September 16, 2009). "Remembering Jim Carroll". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "CatholicBoy.com". Catholicboy.com. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- Warner, Simon (2013). Text and Drugs and Rock 'n' Roll: The Beats and Rock Culture. New York City: Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 370. ISBN 978-1441143037 – via Google Books.
- "CatholicBoy.com". Catholicboy.com. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
- "Edelweiss". Edelweiss.abovethetreeline.com. Retrieved April 20, 2010.
- "Pools of Mercury - Jim Carroll | Release Info". AllMusic.
- "Jim Carroll - Pools Of Mercury CD Album". Cduniverse.com.
- "Pools of Mercury - Jim Carroll | Release Info". AllMusic.
- "Jim Carroll - Praying Mantis CD Album". Cduniverse.com.
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