Trinity School (New York City)

Trinity School (also known as Trinity) is a highly selective independent, preparatory, co-educational day school for grades K–12 located in the Upper West Side neighbourhood in the Manhattan borough of New York City, New York, United States, and a member of both the New York Interschool and the Ivy Preparatory School League. It is regarded as one of the most elite private high schools in the United States, sending over 40% of graduating students to the Ivy League and other top schools.[4]

Trinity School
Trinity School logo.png
139 West 91st Street


United States
Coordinates40°47′25″N 73°58′15″W / 40.790298°N 73.970861°W / 40.790298; -73.970861Coordinates: 40°47′25″N 73°58′15″W / 40.790298°N 73.970861°W / 40.790298; -73.970861
School typeIndependent
MottoLabore et virtute
(By hard work and virtue)
Founded1709; 313 years ago (1709)
FounderWilliam Huddleston
Head of schoolJohn Allman[1]
Student to teacher ratio6:1
Color(s)Blue   and Gold  
Athletics conferenceIvy Prep School League
SAT/ACT average1500-1550 SAT, 34-35 ACT (2019)[2]
NewspaperThe Trinity Times
YearbookThe Bruner
Annual tuition$57,230 (2020-21)[3]
AffiliationNew York Interschool
139 West 91st Street

Founded in 1709 in the old Trinity Church at Broadway and Wall Street, the school is the fifth oldest in the United States[5] and the oldest continually operational school in New York City.[6] It has a highly competitive admissions process. In 2011, The New York Times reported that the acceptance rate for Trinity's kindergarten was 2.4% and the high school's acceptance rate was comparable.[7]


Trinity School traces its founding to 1709 when founder William Blaney, an Anglican missionary organization in London, opened the school to teach poor children in the parish of Trinity Church. The school’s first classes met in Trinity Church at the head of Wall Street; the first schoolhouse was built on church grounds in 1749. The building burned down two months later and had to be rebuilt. Columbia University, then King's College, was founded in that building's first floor.[8] The first Trinity students, boys and girls, in addition to religious instruction, also learned to write plainly and legibly and were taught enough arithmetic to prepare them for employment. These eighteenth-century Trinity students were almost invariably apprenticed to trades such as blacksmith, bookbinder, carpenter, cordwainer, mason, mariner, shoe binder, and tailor.

In 1789, Trinity's 56 boys and 30 girls were under the instruction of John Wood, clerk of St. Paul's Chapel at 29 John Street. Its tuition stood at seven dollars per quarter, in addition to a one guinea entrance fee. In 1838, Trinity closed admission to girls. Girls would not be readmitted until 1971.[5] In 1889, Trinity School moved to 627 Madison Avenue (at 59th Street), and moved again a year later to 108 West 45th Street. In 1898, the trustees established the St. Agatha's School for Girls at 257 West 93rd Street as a sister school for Trinity. St. Agatha's eventually closed.[9]

During its first two hundred years, Trinity moved many times as the population of both Manhattan and the School grew. The establishment, in the nineteenth-century, of a public school system in New York meant that the role of the charity school had come to an end. English and classical learning became the rule as the school increased in size to as many as 250 students and as Trinity refashioned itself as a college preparatory school for boys. The curriculum was designed to meet the admissions standards of the leading colleges and universities of the time.

In 1895, Trinity moved to its current location at 91st Street between Amsterdam and Columbus Avenues in the Upper West Side of Manhattan. Trinity currently occupies seven connected buildings: 151 and 149 West 91st Street house the admissions, advancement, and business offices; 139 West 91st houses the Lower School; 121 West 91st Street houses the Lower School language labs, Middle School Science Labs, and the Morse Theater; 115 West 91st houses the Middle School and two gymnasia; and 101 West 91st houses the Upper School, the two swimming pools, and the John McEnroe '77 Tennis Courts (opened in 2012),[10] and in 2017 the school opened a 65,000 square foot addition, adding new science labs, classrooms, and a new performing arts center.

Shortly before the completion of the new upper school building in 1968, Trinity severed its Episcopal ties with Trinity Church, and is now non-sectarian, thus receiving no endowment from the Church. The school does, however, retain an Episcopal priest who is paid by Trinity Church. The priest delivers weekly chapel services at the school, as well as the annual baccalaureate service held at Trinity Church each May.

Forbes Magazine named Trinity the country's best private school in 2010.[11] In 2004, The Wall Street Journal ranked Trinity as third best at getting its students accepted to some of the country's most exclusive colleges.[12][13] Under the leadership of John Allman, Trinity has tried to address some of the class and elitism issues that plague the school given the shift from its origins, and continues to build on their decade-long attempts to address diversity.[14][1][15][16]


The Lower and Middle School courseloads are highly structured, and ninth and tenth graders are offered limited flexibility in their courses. Juniors and seniors, however, are much freer to flexibly select electives and other such courses. English is the only subject mandated through four years in the Upper School. Math is mandated for three, and the lab sciences for two. There is a requirement for religion and Physical Education. Trinity is also notable for having a full Classics department, which is widely recognized as one of the strongest in the nation. Nearly 40% of the student body takes either Latin or Greek, while more than 60% take two languages.[17]


Trinity is a member of the Ivy Preparatory School League and the New York State Association of Independent Schools (NYSAIS) The school competes in the New York State Association of Independent Schools Athletic Association (NYSAISAA). Championships in this league are used as qualifiers for overall state championships. [18]

Performing artsEdit

Trinity School has musical groups ranging from instrumental music – jazz groups, orchestras, and chamber ensembles – to vocal music – choruses, both accompanied and a cappella. Musical performances figure in all three divisions with concerts, assemblies, and chapel performances during the school day and in the evening.[19]

The school also has dynamic dramatic art showings with performances ranging from plays to musicals, both as classes and as extra-curricular events.

A yearly Shakespeare play is student-directed by The Nicholas J.P. Kau '08 Shakespeare Appreciation Society[20][21]

Previous plays have included Julius Caesar (2017), Much Ado About Nothing (2018), Romeo & Juliet (2019), and A Midsummer Night's Dream (2020).

Notable alumniEdit

Notable attendeesEdit


  1. ^ a b Bellafante, Ginia (2017-09-22). "Can Prep Schools Fight the Class War?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-12-11.
  2. ^ "Trinity College Counseling". Trinity School. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Trinity Tuition". Trinity School. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Top Prep Schools". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  5. ^ a b Currivan, Gene (February 12, 1971). "Trinity School Will Admit Girls; Institution Founded in 1709 Plans Change Next Fall". The New York Times. p. 35.
  6. ^ "Trinity School Viewbook" (PDF). Trinity School. 2005. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2009.
  7. ^ "At Elite New York Schools, Admissions Policies Are Evolving". New York Times. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Trinity Church schoolhouse". Columbia University. Archived from the original on February 8, 2005.
  9. ^ "St. Agnes School Sold To Condo Developer". West Side Rag. December 4, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  10. ^ "139 West 91st Street". Google Maps.
  11. ^ Ewalt, David M. (23 January 2013). "America's Best Prep Schools". Archived from the original on 23 January 2013.
  12. ^ "Admissions Watch". College Bound. Vol. 18, no. 9. May 2004. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  13. ^ "Your Tuition Dollars at Work" (PDF). The Wall Street Journal. April 10, 2004. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  14. ^ Anderson, Jenny (2012-10-20). "Admitted, but Left Out". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-12-11.
  15. ^ Powell, Michael (2021-08-27). "New York's Private Schools Tackle White Privilege. It Has Not Been Easy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-12-11.
  16. ^ Brody, Leslie (2017-09-18). "One Private K-12 School Grapples With Disparity Between Past and Present". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-12-11.
  17. ^ "Trinity School". Prep Review.
  18. ^ "NEW YORK STATE ASSOCIATION OF INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS PAST CHAMPIONS" (PDF). New York State Association of Independent Schools Athletic Association. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Our Performing Arts". Trinity School. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  20. ^ "The Nicholas J.P. Kau '08 Shakespeare Appreciation Society". Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  21. ^ "Shakespeare Performances". Archived from the original on 2022-02-26. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  22. ^ Paul, Deanna (May 9, 2021). "Alvin Bragg Leans on Harlem Roots in Manhattan District Attorney Race". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  23. ^ "Nick Bruel '83". Vimeo. Vimeo. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  24. ^ Deming, Mark (2021). "Amy Helm: Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  25. ^ "Trinity Board" (PDF). Trinity School. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  26. ^ "John McEnroe - Growing Up".
  27. ^ "Trinity welcomes class of '95 alum Ben Smith to speak". Facebook. Trinity School. Archived from the original on 2022-02-26. Retrieved 24 February 2021.

External linksEdit