Jean-Pierre Ricard

  (Redirected from Jean-Pierre Bernard Ricard)

Jean-Pierre Ricard (born 26 September 1944) is a French prelate of the Catholic Church who was Archbishop of Bordeaux from 2001 to 2019. He has been a cardinal since 2006. He was previously Bishop of Montpellier for five years and before that an auxiliary bishop in Grenoble. From 2001 to 2007 he was president of the French Episcopal Conference.

His Eminence

Jean-Pierre Ricard
Cardinal, Archbishop emeritus of Bordeaux
Cardinal Ricard 2.jpg
Installed21 December 2001
Term ended1 October 2019
PredecessorPierre Étienne Louis Eyt
SuccessorJean-Paul James
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of Sant’Agostino
Member of Council for the Economy
Ordination5 October 1968
by Georges Jacquot
Consecration6 June 1993
by Robert-Joseph Coffy
Created cardinal24 March 2006
by Pope Benedict XVI
Personal details
Born (1944-09-26) 26 September 1944 (age 76)
Marseille, France
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post(s)
Mottopropter evangelium
Coat of armsJean-Pierre Ricard's coat of arms
Styles of
Jean-Pierre Ricard
Coat of arms of Jean-Pierre Ricard.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal


Born in Marseille on 26 September 1944 to Georges and Jeanine Ricard, Jean-Pierre Ricard attended the Lycée de Saint-Charles and the Lycée Périer where he earned his Baccalauréat and then at Lycée Thiers (hypokhâgne). He studied philosophy at the Major Seminary of Marseille from 1962 to 1964. He spent one year performing National Service to promote development in Bamako, Mali. He also studied at the Carmes Seminary in Paris, and the Institut Catholique de Paris, earning a degree in theology and preparing for a doctorate.[1]


He was ordained a priest on 5 October 1968 in Marseille and did pastoral work in the Archdiocese of Marseille from 1968 to 1993. He was assistant pastor of the parish of Sainte-Émilie de Vialoar from 1970 to 1978 with responsibility for religious teaching, the formation of priests and laymen. He headed the Mistral Center of Religious Culture from 1975 to 1981 and was diocesan delegate for seminarians from 1975 to 1985. While pastor of the parish of Sainte-Marguerite from 1981 to 1988, he served as associate delegate for ecumenism and episcopal vicar for the zone of south Marseille from 1984 to 1988. He was regional theologian for pastoral affairs (1986–1993) and general secretary of the Diocesan Synod of Marseille (1988–1991), and vicar general from 1988 to 1993 to Cardinal Robert Coffy, Archbishop of Marseille.[1]


Ricard was named titular bishop of Pulcheriopoli and appointed auxiliary bishop of Grenoble on 17 April 1993. He received his episcopal consecration on 6 June 1993 at the cathedral of Sainte-Marie-Majeure, Marseille, from Cardinal Coffy. On 4 July 1996 he was appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Montpellier and became bishop there upon the death of his predecessor on 6 September.

He became Vice-President of the Bishops' Conference of France on 9 November 1999 and participated in the Tenth Ordinary Synod of Bishops, held in Vatican City, 30 September–27 October 2001.[2] He was elected President of the Conference on 6 November 2001.[2]

Pope John Paul II named him Archbishop of Bordeaux on 21 December 2001.[3] On 6 September 2002, John Paul named him a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith,[4] and Pope Benedict renewed that appointment on 6 May 2006.[5] He attended the 11th General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, 2–23 October 2005.

He gave a series of interviews that appeared as a book, Les Sept Défis pour l'Eglise (The Seven Challenges for the Church), in 2003.[6]


He was made Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agostino in the consistory of 24 March 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI.[7][8] He was appointed to the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, the commission responsible for relations with the Society of Saint Pius X on 8 April 2006.[9] On 17 January 2009, Pope Benedict XVI appointed him a member of the Pontifical Council for Culture.[10]

On 21 January 2010 he was appointed a member of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity,[11] and on 6 July 2010 of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments,[12] and on 12 June 2012 of the Congregation for Catholic Education,[13] and confirmed in the Education post by Pope Francis on 30 November 2013.[14]

He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis.[15]

On 8 March 2014, he was named by Pope Francis to serve as a member of the newly established Council for Economic Affairs, intended to oversee the work of the new Secretariat for the Economy, the financial regulatory agency for the departments of the Roman Curia.[16][a]

He closed the Archdiocese's Saint Joseph seminary in May 2019 because enrollment failed to meet the minimum number of seminarians required. He said its seminarians can continue their studies and spiritual formation in Toulouse or Rome and that the closure was part of a national assessment of the country's many small seminaries.[18][19]

On 11 July 2019, Bordeaux Mayor Nicolas Florian awarded Ricard the city's medal. On that occasion, Ricard praised the city for fostering collaboration between civic authorities and the leaders of its religious communities. He said he anticipated retiring as Archbishop of Bordeaux in a few weeks and returning to his native region.[20] He announced on 4 August that he had already submitted his letter of resignation to Pope Francis,[21][22][b] who accepted it on 1 October without naming his successor.[25]


Embryonic researchEdit

In 2006, Ricard recalled the opposition of the Catholic Church to the use of human embryos for scientific research, saying that it is a grave ethical transgression.[26]


He has explicitly supported the opposition of the Catholic Church to the He has been critical of attempts to legalize euthanasia in France.[27]

Traditional Mass and LefebvristsEdit

Ricard told the newspaper La Croix that the Pope wants to reconcile all Catholics by allowing a wider use of the Traditional Latin Mass, which does not undermine the achievements of Vatican Council II.[28]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ricard had been appointed in 2011 by Pope Benedict to an earlier Council of Cardinals established to review Vatican finances and organization.[17]
  2. ^ A diocesan bishop is required to submit his resignation upon turning 75, but it takes effect at the pope's discretion. Pope Francis waited eighteen months to accept the resignation that Georges Pontier, Archbishop of Marseille, submitted at 75.[23] On the other hand, in the case of Thierry Jordan, Archbishop of Reims, his acceptance came a few weeks before Jordan's 75th birthday.[24]


  1. ^ a b "France: Mgr Ricard, président de la CEF, nommé archevêque de Bordeaux". Zenit (in French). 21 December 2001. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b "France: Mgr Ricard (Montpellier), président de la conférence des évêques". Zenit (in French). 6 November 2001. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 21.12.2001" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 21 December 2001. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 06.09.2002" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 6 September 2002. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 06.05.2006" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 6 May 2006. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  6. ^ Les Sept Défis pour l'Église: Entretiens avec Yves de Gentil-Baichis (in French). Bayard Jeunesse. 2003. ISBN 9782227471696.
  7. ^ "Benedict XVI Names 15 New Cardinals". Zenit. 22 February 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Assegnazione dei Titoli e delle Diaconie ai Nouvi Cardinali" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 24 March 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 08.04.2006" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 8 April 2006. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 17.01.2009" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 17 January 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 21.01.2010" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  12. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 06.07.2010" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 12.06.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  14. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 30.11.2013" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 30 November 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  15. ^ "List of Cardinal Electors". Zenit. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  16. ^ "Commento al Comunicato sulla Nomina dei Membri del Consiglio per L'Economia del Direttore della Sala Stampa, Rev.Do P. Federico Lombardi, S.I., 08.03.2014" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  17. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 22.10.2011" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 22 October 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  18. ^ Vaillant, Gauthier (21 May 2019). "Bordeaux seminary closes due to lack of candidates". La Croix. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  19. ^ Vaillant, Gauthier (23 May 2019). "French seminary closures 'are no cause for alarm'". La Croix. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  20. ^ Bevilacqua, Arnaud (7 August 2019). "Le cardinal Jean-Pierre Ricard a remis sa démission au pape". La Croix (in French). Retrieved 12 August 2019. Au moment où, dans quelques semaines, je vais quitter la ville de Bordeaux pour rejoindre ma région natale, je souhaite dire tout le plaisir que j’ai eu à vivre dans cette ville.
  21. ^ Debray, Catherine (6 August 2019). "Monseigneur Ricard, l'archevêque de Bordeaux, a remis sa démission à Rome" (in French). Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  22. ^ Bevilacqua, Arnaud (9 August 2019). "Archbishop of Bordeaux submits his resignation to Pope Francis". La Croix. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  23. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 08.08.2019" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 8 August 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  24. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 18.08.2018" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 18 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  25. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 01.10.2019" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 1 October 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  26. ^ "L'embryon humain réduit à un " moyen ", " grave transgression éthique "". Zenit (in French). 30 June 2006. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  27. ^ Does our society accept euthanasia?
  28. ^ "With Lefebvrists, It's Just the Beginning". Zenit. 27 January 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2019.

External linksEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Louis-Antoine-Marie Boffet
Bishop of Montpellier
Succeeded by
Guy Marie Alexandre Thomazeau
as Archbishop of Montpellier
Preceded by
Louis-Marie Billé
President of the Bishop's Conference of France
Succeeded by
André Vingt-Trois
Preceded by
Pierre Eyt
Archbishop of Bordeaux
Succeeded by
Jean-Paul James
Preceded by
Marcelo González Martín
Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agostino