The Japan Prize (日本国際賞, Nihon-kokusai-shō, lit. "Japan International Prize") is awarded to people from all parts of the world whose "original and outstanding achievements in science and technology are recognized as having advanced the frontiers of knowledge and served the cause of peace and prosperity for mankind." The Prize is presented by the Japan Prize Foundation. Since its inception in 1985, the Foundation has awarded 81 people from 13 countries.[1]

The Japan Prize
Awarded fororiginal and outstanding achievements in science and technology that are recognized as having advanced the frontiers of knowledge and having served the cause of peace and prosperity for mankind
Country Japan
Presented byThe Japan Prize Foundation
First awarded1985

The Japan Prize consists of a certificate, a commemorative medal and a cash award of ¥50 million. No discrimination is made as to nationality, occupation, race, or gender. Only living persons may be named. Every November, the Japan Prize Foundation selects two fields for the award according to current trends in science and technology. The nomination and selection process takes about one year. The laureates, one from each field, are announced in January.

The prestigious prize presentation ceremony is held in the presence of the Emperor and the Empress of Japan. According to his book Dancing Naked in the Mind Field,[2] Kary Mullis, 1993 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, addressed Empress Michiko as sweetie when being awarded the prize in 1993 for the development of the polymerase chain reaction. The events are also attended by the Prime Minister, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President of the House of Councillors, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, foreign ambassadors to Japan and about a thousand other distinguished guests, including eminent academics, researchers and representatives of political, business and press circles.[1] The 2014 Japan Prize Presentation Ceremony was held on April 23 at the National Theatre in Tokyo.[3]

At present the international prize is often considered one of the most prestigious awards in science and technology fields after the Nobel Prize. According to an article in the scientific journal Nature Immunology,[4] the prize is one of the prestigious science awards that recognize immunology as well as Nobel Prize, Sweden (since 1901), Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award, USA (since 1946), Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize, Germany (since 1952), Canada Gairdner International Award, Canada (since 1959), Wolf Prize, Israel (since 1978), and Crafoord Prize, Sweden (since 1980).

Background Edit

The creation of the Japan Prize was motivated by the desire to express Japan's gratitude to international society. This plan was supported with the funds donated by Konosuke Matsushita, the founder of Panasonic Corporation. He was the first chairman of the Japan Prize Preparatory Foundation.

Peace and prosperity for mankind have been my lifelong desires. I am extremely pleased, therefore, that the Japan Prize has been established with the specific goal of making some contribution on behalf of Japan to the development of international society.

The progress of modern science and technology has been phenomenal. It is not overstating its role to say that we owe the civilization we enjoy today to this very progress. On the other hand, however, there are still many global problems which remain to be solved, and the necessity to seek the counsel of many people is greater than ever before.

Under such circumstances, it is appropriate that Japan, in consultation with the international community, honors those who have produced outstanding achievements in the fields of science and technology.

It is my sincere hope that the Japan Prize achieves the recognition it deserves.

— Konosuke Matsushita[5]

In 1982 the Japan Prize Preparatory Foundation is established and then the establishment of the Japan Prize is endorsed by the Cabinet. In 1985 The 1st Japan Prize Presentation Ceremony is held in Tokyo.[5]

Laureates Edit

Year Name Nationality Citation
2023 Masataka Nakazawa
Kazuo Hagimoto
for distinguished contributions to global long-distance, high-capacity optical fiber network through the development of semiconductor laser pumped optical amplifier.[6]
Gero Miesenböck
Karl Deisseroth
  United States
for the development of methods that use genetically addressable light-sensitive membrane proteins to unravel neural circuit function.
2022 Katalin Karikó
Drew Weissman
  United States
for pioneering research contributing to the development of mRNA vaccines.[7]
Christopher Field   United States for outstanding contributions to estimation of global biospheric productivity and climate change science using advanced formulas based on observation
2021 Martin A. Green   Australia for development of high-efficiency silicon photovoltaic devices.[8]
Bert Vogelstein
Robert A. Weinberg
  United States
  United States
for their pioneering work in conceptualizing a multi-step model of carcinogenesis and its application and impact on improving cancer diagnosis and therapy.
2020 Robert G. Gallager   United States for pioneering contribution to information and coding theory.[9]
Svante Pääbo   Sweden for pioneering contributions to paleoanthropology through decoding ancient human genome sequences.
2019 Yoshio Okamoto   Japan for leading contributions to precision synthesis of helical polymers and development of practical chiral materials for separating chiral drugs.[10]
Rattan Lal   India for the sustainable soil management for global food security and mitigation of climate change.
2018 Akira Yoshino   Japan for the development of lithium ion batteries.[11]
Max Dale Cooper
Jacques Miller
  United States
for the discovery of B and T lymphocyte lineages and its impact on understanding disease pathology and therapeutic development.
2017 Emmanuelle Charpentier
Jennifer Doudna
  United States
for deciphering the molecular details of the type II bacterial immune system CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)-Cas and the creation of the CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system, a truly revolutionary technique in genetic engineering, far more economical and faster than those previously available.[12]
Adi Shamir   Israel for his significant contributions to the fields of cryptography and computer science.
2016 Hideo Hosono   Japan for the creation of unconventional inorganic materials with novel electronic functions based on nano-structure engineering.
Steven D. Tanksley   United States for his contribution to modern crop breeding through research on development of molecular genetic analysis.
2015 Yutaka Takahasi (ja)   Japan for the contribution to development of innovative concept on river basin management and reduction of water-related disasters.
Theodore Friedmann
Alain Fischer
  United States
for the proposal of the concept of gene therapy and its clinical applications.
2014 Yasuharu Suematsu   Japan for pioneering research on semiconductor lasers for high-capacity long-distance optical fiber communication.
C. David Allis   United States for the discovery of histone modifications as fundamental regulators of gene expression.
2013 C. Grant Willson (de)
Jean M. J. Fréchet
  United States
  United States
for development of chemically amplified resist polymer materials for innovative semiconductor manufacturing process.[13]
John Frederick Grassle   United States for contribution to marine environmental conservation through research on ecology and biodiversity of deep-sea organisms.
2012 Janet Rowley
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
  United States
  United States
  United Kingdom
for the development of a new therapeutic drug targeting cancer-specific molecules.
Masato Sagawa   Japan for the developing the world's highest performing Nd-Fe-B type permanent magnet and contributing to energy conservation.
2011 Kenneth Thompson
Dennis Ritchie
  United States
  United States
for writing the Unix operating system.
Tadamitsu Kishimoto
Toshio Hirano
for the discovery of interleukin-6.
2010 Shun-ichi Iwasaki   Japan for contributions to high-density magnetic recording technology by the development of a perpendicular magnetic recording method.
Peter Vitousek   United States for contributions to solving global environmental issues based on the analysis of nitrogen and other substances’ cycles.
2009 Dennis L. Meadows   United States for contributions in the area of "Transformation towards a sustainable society in harmony with nature".
David E. Kuhl   United States for contributions in the area of "Technological integration of medical science and engineering". Specifically, tomographic imaging in nuclear medicine.
2008 Vinton Gray Cerf
Robert E. Kahn
  United States
  United States
for the creation of network architecture and communication protocol for the Internet.
Victor A. McKusick   United States for the establishment of medical genetics and contributions to its development.
2007 Albert Fert
Peter Grünberg
for the discovery of Giant Magneto-Resistance (GMR) and its contribution to development of innovative spin-electronics devices.
Peter Shaw Ashton   United Kingdom for contributions to the conservation of tropical forest.
2006 John Houghton   United Kingdom for pioneering research on atmospheric structure and composition based on his satellite observation technology and for promotion of international assessments of climate change.
Akira Endo   Japan for the discovery of the Statins and their development.
2005 Makoto Nagao   Japan for pioneering contributions to Natural Language Processing and Intelligent Image Processing.
Masatoshi Takeichi
Erkki Ruoslahti
  United States
for fundamental contribution in elucidating the Molecular Mechanisms of Cell Adhesion.
2004 Kenichi Honda
Akira Fujishima
for pioneering work on photochemical catalysis and its application for the environment.
Keith J. Sainsbury   New Zealand for contributions to the understanding of shelf ecosystems and their sustainable utilization.
John H. Lawton   United Kingdom for observational, experimental and theoretical achievements for the scientific understanding and conservation of Biodiversity.
2003 Benoît Mandelbrot
James A. Yorke
  France   United States
  United States
for the creation of universal concepts in complex systems - Chaos and Fractals.
Seiji Ogawa   Japan for the discovery of the principle for functional magnetic resonance imaging.
2002 Tim Berners-Lee   United Kingdom for advancement of civilization through invention, implementation and deployment of the World Wide Web.
Anne McLaren
Andrzej K. Tarkowski
  United Kingdom
for pioneering work on mammalian embryonic development.
2001 John B. Goodenough   United States for the discovery of environmentally benign electrode materials for high energy density rechargeable lithium batteries.
Timothy R. Parsons   Canada for the contributions to the development of Biological/Fisheries Oceanography and for conservation of fishery resources and marine environment.
2000 Ian L. McHarg   United States for the establishment of an ecological City Planning Process and a proposal of a Land Use Evaluation System.
Kimishige Ishizaka   Japan for the discovery of Immunoglobulin E and mechanisms of IgE-mediated allergic reactions.
1999 W. Wesley Peterson   United States for the establishment of coding theory for reliable digital communication, broadcasting and storage.
Jack L. Strominger
Don C. Wiley
  United States
  United States
for the elucidation of the three dimensional structures of class I and class II human histocompatibility antigens and their bound peptides.
1998 Leo Esaki   Japan for the creation and realization of the concept of man-made superlattice crystals which led to generation of new materials with useful applications.
Jozef S. Schell
Marc C. E. Van Montagu
for the establishment of the theory and method of the production of transgenic plants.
1997 Takashi Sugimura
Bruce N. Ames
  United States
for the contribution to establishment of fundamental concept on causes of cancer.
Joseph F. Engelberger
Hiroyuki Yoshikawa (ja)
  United States
for the establishment of the Robot Industry and Creation of a Techno-Global Paradigm.
1996 Charles K. Kao   United States   United Kingdom for pioneering research on wide-band, low-loss optical fiber communications.
Masao Ito   Japan for the elucidation of the functional principles and neural mechanisms of the cerebellum.
1995 Nick Holonyak Jr.   United States for outstanding contributions to research and practical applications of light emitting diodes and lasers through pioneering achievements in the understanding of physical principles and in the process technology of intermetallic compound semiconductors.
Edward F. Knipling   United States for pioneering contributions in the development of Integrated Pest Management by the Sterile Insect Release Method and other biological approaches.
1994 William Hayward Pickering   New Zealand for inspirational leadership in unmanned lunar and planetary exploration, and for pioneering achievements in the development of spacecraft and deep space communications.
Arvid Carlsson   Sweden for the discovery of dopamine as a neurotransmitter and clarification of its role in mental and motor functions and their disorders.
1993 Frank Press   United States for the development of modern seismology and advancement of international cooperation in disaster science.
Kary B. Mullis   United States for the development of the polymerase chain reaction.
1992 Gerhard Ertl   Germany for the contributions to the new development of the chemistry and physics of solid surfaces.
Ernest John Christopher Polge   United Kingdom for the discovery of a method of the cryopreservation of semen and embryos in farm animals.
1991 Jacques-Louis Lions   France for the contributions to analysis and control of distributed systems, and to promotion of applied analysis.
John Julian Wild   United States for the development of ultrasound imaging in medicine.
1990 Marvin Minsky   United States for the establishment of an academic field named Artificial Intelligence and the proposal of fundamental theories in that field.
William Jason Morgan
Dan McKenzie
Xavier Le Pichon
  United States
  United Kingdom
for the initiation of the theory of plate tectonics and contributions to its development.
1989 Frank Sherwood Rowland   United States for the studies on the mechanisms of stratospheric ozone depletion by chlorofluorocarbons.
Elias James Corey   United States for the pioneering contributions to the syntheses of prostaglandins and their related compounds which are of great therapeutic value.
1988 Georges Vendryes   France for the establishment of fast breeder reactor technology.
Donald Henderson
Isao Arita
Frank Fenner
  United States
for the eradication of Smallpox.
Luc Montagnier
Robert C. Gallo
  United States
for the discovery of the AIDS-causing virus and development of diagnostic methods.
1987 Henry M. Beachell
Gurdev S. Khush
  United States
for the development of the IR8 and IR36 strains for rice breeding strategies geared to the tropical and subtropical zones.
Theodore H. Maiman   United States for the realization of the world's first laser.
1986 David Turnbull   United States for pioneering contributions to materials science with impact on new materials technology such as amorphous solids.
Willem J. Kolff   United States for research and development of artificial organs and their relevant technology.
1985 John R. Pierce   United States for outstanding achievement in the field of electronics and communications technologies.
Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir   Israel for outstanding achievement in basic theory in the field of immobilized enzymes and their practical applications.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b "The Japan Prize Foundation".
  2. ^ Kary Mullis. Dancing Naked in the Mind Field. 1998, Vintage Books
  3. ^ "2014 Japan Prize Presentation Ceremony". Tokyo Institute of Technology.
  4. ^ Doherty, P. C. (2010). "The glittering prizes". Nature Immunology. 11 (10): 875–8. doi:10.1038/ni1010-875. PMID 20856214. S2CID 205360317.
  5. ^ a b "The Japan Prize Foundation".
  6. ^ Laureates 2023
  7. ^ Laureates 2022
  8. ^ Laureates 2021
  9. ^ Laureates 2020
  10. ^ "The Japan Prize Foundation". Archived from the original on 2021-02-04. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
  11. ^ "The Japan Prize Foundation".
  12. ^ "Japan Prize 2017". Archived from the original on February 3, 2017.
  13. ^ Tobin, Dave. (2013, January 30). "SUNY ESF alumnus Jean Fréchet wins Japan Prize," Archived 2019-01-10 at the Wayback Machine Accessed: January 31, 2013.

External links Edit